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Submitted by:- Akhilesh Agrawal 5 th  Sem Civil Submitted to:- Prof Y.K Bajpai HOD(Civil) Project Report on
 
<ul><li>Based on Weather </li></ul><ul><li>All-weather roads </li></ul><ul><li>Fair-weather roads </li></ul><ul><li>Based ...
<ul><li>A)  Traffic volume (vehicle) </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy traffic road </li></ul><ul><li>Medium traffic road </li></ul>...
<ul><li>According to the Nagpur Road plan:- </li></ul><ul><li>National highway(NH) </li></ul><ul><li>State Highway(SH) </l...
<ul><li>By Third Road Development Plan 19981-2001:- </li></ul><ul><li>Primary System </li></ul><ul><li>Expressway </li></u...
<ul><li>Highway planning phase includes </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of road length requirement for an area. </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Preparation of plan:- </li></ul><ul><li>Plan I-  showing all existing details. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan II-  populat...
<ul><li>Preparation of Master Plan and its Phasing: </li></ul><ul><li>After deciding the optimum road length for a plan pe...
<ul><li>Highway alignment: </li></ul><ul><li>The position of the layout of  the centre line of the highway on the ground i...
<ul><li>Factor controlling the highway alignment in general: </li></ul><ul><li>Obligatory points. </li></ul><ul><li>Traffi...
<ul><li>The survey may be completed in four stage: </li></ul><ul><li>Map study. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconnaissance </li></ul...
<ul><li>Pavment is constructed using broken stone or soil and binder material to bind the aggregate to form homogenous pav...
<ul><li>Earth  road and gavel road </li></ul><ul><li>Water bound macadam (WBM). </li></ul><ul><li>Bituminous  or blacktop ...
<ul><li>The sub-grade soil is prepared by bringing it to desire grad. </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation Equipment in Highway pr...
<ul><li>Generally there are two types of road  use in highway construction: </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid pavement (concrete  ro...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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railway

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Transcript of "railway"

  1. 1. Submitted by:- Akhilesh Agrawal 5 th Sem Civil Submitted to:- Prof Y.K Bajpai HOD(Civil) Project Report on
  2. 3. <ul><li>Based on Weather </li></ul><ul><li>All-weather roads </li></ul><ul><li>Fair-weather roads </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the type of carriage way or road pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Paved road </li></ul><ul><li>Unpaved road (e.g. earth road ) </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the type of pavement surfacing provided </li></ul><ul><li>Surface road </li></ul><ul><li>Unsurfaced road </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>A) Traffic volume (vehicle) </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy traffic road </li></ul><ul><li>Medium traffic road </li></ul><ul><li>Light traffic roads </li></ul><ul><li>B) Load transported or tonnage </li></ul><ul><li>Class-1 or class-A(tonnes/day) </li></ul><ul><li>Class-2 or class-B etc. </li></ul><ul><li>C) Location and function </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>According to the Nagpur Road plan:- </li></ul><ul><li>National highway(NH) </li></ul><ul><li>State Highway(SH) </li></ul><ul><li>Major District Road (MDR) </li></ul><ul><li>Other District Road (ODR) </li></ul><ul><li>Village Road (VR) </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>By Third Road Development Plan 19981-2001:- </li></ul><ul><li>Primary System </li></ul><ul><li>Expressway </li></ul><ul><li>National Highway(NH) </li></ul><ul><li>B) Secondary System </li></ul><ul><li>State Highway(SH) </li></ul><ul><li>Major District Roads(MDR) </li></ul><ul><li>C) Tertiary System or Rural Road </li></ul><ul><li>Other District Road(ODR) </li></ul><ul><li>Village Road(VR) </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Highway planning phase includes </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of road length requirement for an area. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of master plan showing the phasing of plan in annual or five year plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning surveys consist of:- </li></ul><ul><li>Economic studies </li></ul><ul><li>Financial studies </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic or road use studies </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering studies </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Preparation of plan:- </li></ul><ul><li>Plan I- showing all existing details. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan II- population. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan III- Quantity of productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan IV- Existing road network with traffic </li></ul><ul><li>flows. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Preparation of Master Plan and its Phasing: </li></ul><ul><li>After deciding the optimum road length for a plan period, final step is phasing of road development plan by fixing up the priorities for the construction of different road links. </li></ul><ul><li>Saturation system: </li></ul><ul><li>In this system, the optimum road length is calculated for area, based on the concept of obtaining maximum utility per unit length of road. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Highway alignment: </li></ul><ul><li>The position of the layout of the centre line of the highway on the ground is called the alignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Requirement of an ideal alignment between two terminal station: </li></ul><ul><li>It should be…….. </li></ul><ul><li>Short </li></ul><ul><li>Easy </li></ul><ul><li>Safe </li></ul><ul><li>economical </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Factor controlling the highway alignment in general: </li></ul><ul><li>Obligatory points. </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric design. </li></ul><ul><li>Other consideration. </li></ul><ul><li>In hill road: </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric standard of hill road. </li></ul><ul><li>Resisting length </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>The survey may be completed in four stage: </li></ul><ul><li>Map study. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconnaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary survey </li></ul><ul><li>Final location and detailed surveys </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Pavment is constructed using broken stone or soil and binder material to bind the aggregate to form homogenous pavment section. </li></ul><ul><li>The binder employed on mainly soil slurry, bituminous material and cement. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Earth road and gavel road </li></ul><ul><li>Water bound macadam (WBM). </li></ul><ul><li>Bituminous or blacktop road. </li></ul><ul><li>Cement concrete road. </li></ul><ul><li>The highway construction project may be divided into two phase: </li></ul><ul><li>Earth work & preparation of sub grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Pavment structure </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>The sub-grade soil is prepared by bringing it to desire grad. </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation Equipment in Highway project: </li></ul><ul><li>Bulldozers, scrapers. </li></ul><ul><li>Power shovels. </li></ul><ul><li>Dragline. </li></ul><ul><li>Clamshell </li></ul><ul><li>Hoes. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Generally there are two types of road use in highway construction: </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid pavement (concrete road). </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible pavement (Bituminous road). </li></ul><ul><li>Basic steps for making of Flexible pavement : </li></ul><ul><li>Clearing and Grabbing. </li></ul><ul><li>Embedment . </li></ul><ul><li>Sub grade </li></ul><ul><li>Grainer sub base. </li></ul><ul><li>Wet mix macadam (WMM) </li></ul><ul><li>Dense bituminous macadam(DBM). </li></ul><ul><li>Bituminous Cassel (BC). </li></ul>
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