ColonialismAnd Its Legacy
What is a colony?a country or area that is ruled byanother country
What is colonialism?a  policy in which a country rules other nations and develops trade for its own benefit
Europe’s 3 G’s of Colonialism God: Missionaries established colonies to promote Christianity Gold: Colonies provided res...
Beginnings of Colonialism1400’s: explorers sailed westward for Asia and reached the Western Hemisphere instead Started c...
Europe Turns to Africa and Asia
Top Colonizers   United Kingdom   France   Portugal   Spain   Germany   Italy   Denmark   Netherlands
French Colonial PracticesTried  to assimilate into French culture Educated an elite group to provide administrative lead...
British Colonial Practices Created different government structures and policies for various territories This helped to p...
End of Colonialism Most African and Asian colonies became independent after WWII Boundaries of the new states coincided ...
Few Remaining Colonies US: Puerto Rico, Guam, US Virgin Islands France: French Polynesia, Mayotte and New Caledonia Net...
Political Legacy of ColonialismColonial political systems were un- democratic—no mechanism for the people to officially e...
Political Legacy of ColonialismLaw  and order was a primary objective of colonial governments— more money spent on police...
Political Legacy of ColonialismColonial governments lacked the income and revenue needed to develop a government system a...
Economic Legacy of ColonialismEmphasis  on exploitation of raw materials for export—profits from export sent back to Euro...
Economic Legacy of ColonialismHigh demand for labor—mass migration of Africans to labor in poor working conditions for lo...
Social Legacy of ColonialismMovement    of people—resulted in dislocation of peoples that impacted society and culture (b...
Social Legacy of ColonialismDislocation of families—men recruited to work in mines/plantations, leaving women and adolesc...
Social Legacy of ColonialismUrbanization—occurred    rapidly and resulted in changes to economic activities and occupatio...
Social Legacy of ColonialismReligious Changes—prior to colonialism less than 5% were Christians, now almost 50% of Africa...
Social Legacy of ColonialismEducation—Koranic    schools became widespread and students learned Arabic (to read the Koran...
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PB Legacy of Colonialism Notes

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PB Legacy of Colonialism Notes

  1. 1. ColonialismAnd Its Legacy
  2. 2. What is a colony?a country or area that is ruled byanother country
  3. 3. What is colonialism?a policy in which a country rules other nations and develops trade for its own benefit
  4. 4. Europe’s 3 G’s of Colonialism God: Missionaries established colonies to promote Christianity Gold: Colonies provided resources that helped the economy of European states Glory: Colonies were a sign of power
  5. 5. Beginnings of Colonialism1400’s: explorers sailed westward for Asia and reached the Western Hemisphere instead Started colonizing the territories 1776: US declared independence 1800-1824: Latin American states declared independence
  6. 6. Europe Turns to Africa and Asia
  7. 7. Top Colonizers United Kingdom France Portugal Spain Germany Italy Denmark Netherlands
  8. 8. French Colonial PracticesTried to assimilate into French culture Educated an elite group to provide administrative leadership
  9. 9. British Colonial Practices Created different government structures and policies for various territories This helped to protect diverse cultures, local customs and educational systems
  10. 10. End of Colonialism Most African and Asian colonies became independent after WWII Boundaries of the new states coincided with the former colonial boundaries (but not always)
  11. 11. Few Remaining Colonies US: Puerto Rico, Guam, US Virgin Islands France: French Polynesia, Mayotte and New Caledonia Netherland: Netherland’s Antilles United Kingdom: Pitcairn Island
  12. 12. Political Legacy of ColonialismColonial political systems were un- democratic—no mechanism for the people to officially express their opinions
  13. 13. Political Legacy of ColonialismLaw and order was a primary objective of colonial governments— more money spent on police force and army then spent on education, housing and healthcare combined.
  14. 14. Political Legacy of ColonialismColonial governments lacked the income and revenue needed to develop a government system able to go beyond maintaining law and order—unable to provide basic infrastructure (roads/communication networks) or social services (education, healthcare, housing)
  15. 15. Economic Legacy of ColonialismEmphasis on exploitation of raw materials for export—profits from export sent back to Europe and not spent to promote social and economic developments in the colonies.
  16. 16. Economic Legacy of ColonialismHigh demand for labor—mass migration of Africans to labor in poor working conditions for long hours and inadequate pay
  17. 17. Social Legacy of ColonialismMovement of people—resulted in dislocation of peoples that impacted society and culture (beliefs and practices were challenged in these migrations)
  18. 18. Social Legacy of ColonialismDislocation of families—men recruited to work in mines/plantations, leaving women and adolescents to take on new rolesExtended family structure changed to nuclear families
  19. 19. Social Legacy of ColonialismUrbanization—occurred rapidly and resulted in changes to economic activities and occupation, and the way people lived
  20. 20. Social Legacy of ColonialismReligious Changes—prior to colonialism less than 5% were Christians, now almost 50% of Africans identify themselves as ChristiansFrench and British discouraged mission work in Muslim areas—Islam able to consolidate in certain African colonies
  21. 21. Social Legacy of ColonialismEducation—Koranic schools became widespread and students learned Arabic (to read the Koran) in Islamic areas.Christian missionaries taught Africans to read the Bible in their own language to help convert them.

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