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IOTX Sahana Camp 2014 - Overview and History

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An Overview and History of the Sahana Free and Open Source Disaster Management Platform. What differentiates it and makes it a leading Disaster Management platform in the world

An Overview and History of the Sahana Free and Open Source Disaster Management Platform. What differentiates it and makes it a leading Disaster Management platform in the world


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  • 1. SahanaCamp IOTX
  • 2. SahanaCamp IOTX Overview + History of Sahana “No innovation matters more than that which saves lives” Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines on the use of Sahana following disastrous mudslides in 2005
  • 3. Agenda •  An Overview of Sahana •  What makes Sahana Unique? •  A history and evolution of Sahana •  The Sahana Foundation •  Case Studies…
  • 4. The Sahana Project: n  What is it in a nutshell? n  Open Source n  Global Community Built n  Disaster Management n  Platform n  Mission To save lives by providing information management solutions that enable organizations and communities to better prepare for and respond to disasters
  • 5. The Historic Trigger: 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake & Tsunami ☀ At least 226,000 dead ☀ Up to 5 million people lost their homes, or access to food and water ☀ 1 million people left without a means to make a living ☀ At least $7.5 billion in the cost of damages “Facts and Figures: Asian Tsunami Disaster” New Scientist, 20 January 2005
  • 6. Typical Problems Responders had work on.. n  Search And Rescue n  Setting up Shelters n  Effective Distribution of Aid n  Management of Donars and Donations Tracing Missing People Trauma Counseling Assuring Security of Affected Areas Protecting Children Rehabilitation Live saving decisions need to be made very fast! The best decisions are the most informed ones Disaster => Information Overload!
  • 7. Government Relief Local Authorities, Police, Army, Fire fighters, + Authorized coord + Well trained + Accountable +/- Big picture relief (e.g. national security) - Procedures create bottlenecks - Overloaded Local Relief Spontaneous volunteers, corporate village communities, friends and family + first responders + lot of capacity + instant aid - not trained - focus unknown - not accountable UN, NGOs Red Cross, OCHA, CARE, WHO, Sarvodaya, etc + focused on people + trusted to accept aid +/- less well trained + accountable - Donor driven - narrow focus / fragmented Victims Effective Collaboration and Coordination! Relief Disasters Coordination Rapid Info Sharing and Collaboration Needed 10s of Orgs 100s of Orgs 1000s – 1 Mill
  • 8. How Can I.T. Help? Large Scale Info Management and Dissemination is an area IT excels in n  Scalable management of information n  No stacks of forms and files to manage n  Efficient distribution of information n  Accessibility of information on demand n  Automatic collation and calculation n  No delay for assessments and calculations n  Live Situation Awareness n  Reports are updated live as data goes in IT Improves Manageability ( Impact α H x V / M )
  • 9. “Sahana” – Relief in Sinhalese Rapidly custom build for SL Gov to handle Tsunami “Sahana” Software Rapidly Builds Tsunami 2004 CNO Urgent Requirements Sri Lankan IT Community Sri Lankan IT Community = LSF/LKLUG + SL IT Industry + Academia
  • 10. Sahana first deployed for Sri Lanka tsunami response
  • 11. Tracking Missing People / Casualties n  Shared Bulletin Board of lost / found n  Computer based search heuristics n  Tracking Family units n  Analyzing networks of connections The Missing People Registry helps track and find missing, people
  • 12. Who is doing What, Where & When? n  Registry of operating relief organizations n  Coverage of Services n  Self-Allocation and Reporting n  Contact Information The Organization Registry helps maintain data (contact, services, region, etc) of organizations groups and volunteers working in the disaster
  • 13. Matching Aid to Ground Realities n  Estimating Needs n  Matching Aid to Ground Needs n  Inventories/Catalog n  Quantities n  Expiration dates n  Re-order levels n  Tracking Allocation The Request Management System tracks all requests and helps match pledges for support, aid and supplies to fullfilment
  • 14. Lessons: Large Scale Disaster Management Systems were rare! n  Surprisingly no one had built such a system before! (we had asked FEMA, IBM) n  Identified many of the common coordination problems of a large scale disaster disaster and formulated modules to address them BUT n  NEVER build a disaster management system from scratch during a disaster again!!
  • 15. Sahana Generic Platform Rebuild A generic disaster management platform LSF Team (+ SIDA) Sahana Software A Global Need (2005) Tsunami Requirements LSF Team = FOSS Geeks on Fellowships Builds and Donates
  • 16. Collaborative Situation Mapping Collaborative Map of n  Hazards / Incidents n  Shelters (IDPs) n  (field) Hospitals n  Organizations n  Responders n  Stores n  etc The Shelter Registry helps track data on all shelters setup following the Disaster
  • 17. Why Map Data? Much faster situation awareness Takes 5 seconds
  • 18. Geographical Information System (GIS)
  • 19. We donated to the world as Open Source Software What is (Free and) Open Source? n  Free as in Speech n  Freedom to access, run, modify and redistribute n  Open Source n  Is a set of principles and practices that promotes access to the design and production of goods and knowledge n  Regulated by Copyright Law n  Based on Copyright law, but spun on it's head (copyleft) n  Rights are passed perpectually to users n  GPL (FSF), LPGL (FSF), Apache (ASF), BSD, CPL n  Software becomes a Global Public Good n  Open Source software becomes a global public good
  • 20. Why does Open Source make this better? This was a natural alignment to Humanitrian Values n  Freely Available to deploy n  No discrimination on access (Red Cross CC #2) n  Ability to “leave technology behind” (RC CC #6) n  Rapid customization to actual needs with code n  L10N and integration (RC CC #5) n  Building local capacities & self-reliance (RC CC #6) n  Open system => Transparent and trustworthy n  Better acceptance than “foreign” proprietary systems n  Countries/NGOs can collaborate to develop n  Get the best minds from the world to participate in building the software n  This should be a global public good n  Build on each others work by including it in project Called Humanitarian-FOSS or H-FOSS
  • 21. Lessons: Open Source in this domain had tremendous acceptance n  The open source community coupled with the humanitarian community sprit provided a strong contributor motivation n  “Software Engineers without Boarders” n  Acceptance of an Open Source Disaster Management system and HFOSS was tremendous (UNDP IOSN, ISCRAM, AsiaOSS, Govs) n  We hardly spent anything marketing the product as it spread by word of mouth and by every use
  • 22. LSF + IBM + Community ●  2004 - Indian Ocean Earthquake & Tsunami ●  2005 - Pakistan - Kashmir Earthquake ●  2005 - Philippine - Landslides ●  2006 - Indonesia - Yogjakarta Earthquake, ●  2007 - Peru - Ica Earthquake ●  2007 - Bangladesh - Cyclone Sidr ●  2008 - China - Chengdu-Sitzuan Earthquake ●  2008 - Myanmar - Cyclone Nargis ●  2008 - India - Bihar Flooding
  • 23. Sahana Open Source Phase Global Open Source Incubation Phase LSF Team + Global Community Sahana Software Builds + Refines Attracts + Grows Disaster Incident Urgent Requirements
  • 24. The 4 Sub-Communities of Sahana H-FOSS Free & Open Source Community Humanitarian Community (NGOs) Emergency Management (Gov, UN) Academic Research Community
  • 25. Different Perspectives of the elephant Sahana became a melting pot of innovation SAHANA “Cool Open Source Development Platform!” “Grass Roots: By the Community for the Community” “Rapidly Customizable EM System” “A great Crisis Research Platform”
  • 26. A Community Support Example n  Multiple local groups reach out to Sahana n  Call out made in Sahana community n  One initiative progresses further n  L10N / Promotion, QA, Deployment n  IBM-China for Chendu Gov and then Police (China) n  24x7 Technical Support n  LSF (SL), Trinity College (US), Community Individuals n  Funds and Sponsorship n  IBM-Foundation (US,China) n  40+ Families reunited within first few days
  • 27. A Community Response Example
  • 28. LSF + IBM + Community ●  2004 - Indian Ocean Earthquake & Tsunami ●  2005 - Pakistan - Kashmir Earthquake ●  2005 - Philippine - Landslides ●  2006 - Indonesia - Yogjakarta Earthquake, ●  2007 - Peru - Ica Earthquake ●  2007 - Bangladesh - Cyclone Sidr ●  2008 - China - Chengdu-Sitzuan Earthquake ●  2008 - Myanmar - Cyclone Nargis ●  2008 - India - Bihar Flooding
  • 29. Endorsements as a leading Open Source project l  New Free Software Foundation (FSF) award for “Social Benefit” won and inspired by Sahana l  Sourceforge Project of the Month, June 2006 l  Software 2006, CA USA Good Samaritan Award l  One of the top 10 Open Source Project to keep an eye on – Network World article l  Recognized by forums such as: -  US WSIS, ISCRAM, UNDP IOSN, StrongAngel, AsiaOSS Symposium, Emergency Communications Asia
  • 30. Sahana is not just Software Global Community Incubation Phase LSF Team + Global Community Sahana Software Builds + Refines Grows Disaster Incident Urgent Requirements GSoC, Global FOSS
  • 31. The Community Spreads (2007) An Open Global Community (300+)
  • 32. The community spreads so much that people want to do new projects The Sahana Eden is Founded •  Sahana Eden is founded •  Stronger GIS and Reporting capabilities •  Extremely Theamable •  Object Oriented Rapid Application Development Platform •  A structure is established to govern projects and standards This Makes Sahana Foundation a host for multiple disaster management/H-FOSS projects
  • 33. Sahana Software Foundation gets Established ●  In 2009 a US 501(c)(3) non-profit organization what established to help promote Sahana internationally ●  A Board is created to govern Sahana ●  A common set of standards to run multiple projects ●  Help guide vendor growth ●  Membership is a Meritocracy on Contribution ●  Mission: To save lives by providing information management solutions that enable organizations and communities to better prepare for and respond to disasters
  • 34. SSF replaced LSF as the custodian Global Community Incubation Phase SSF + Vendors Global Community Sahana Software Builds + Refines Attracts + Grows Disaster Incident or Preparedness Requirements
  • 35. Preparedness Deployments ●  2007 - USA - Sahana Emergency Management System ●  2009 - USA - NLM: People Locator ●  2011 - Asia Pacific - Red Cross Resource Mapping System ●  2011 - Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Project Portal ●  2012 - Africa - EUROSHA Humanitarian Mapping Platform ●  2012 - Philippines - Relief Goods & Inventory Management ●  2013 - Timor Leste - Disaster Risk Management System ●  2013 - USA - Community Resilience Mapping Tool ●  2013 - Sri Lanka - Disaster Preparedness & Response Division ●  2011 - USA - Give2LA ●  2014 - Caucasus and Central Asia - Humanitarian Data Platform ●  2014 - USA - Maritime Common Operating Platform ●  2014 - Italy - Shelters & Evacuee Management
  • 36. Disaster Response Deployments ● 2010 - Venezuela - Floods ● 2010 - Mexico - Veracruz Hurricane ● 2010 - Pakistan - Floods ● 2010 - Chile - Earthquake ● 2010 - Haiti - Earthquake ● 2011 - USA - Joplin Tornado ● 2011 - Japan - Tohoku Earthquake & Tsunami ● 2011 - New Zealand - Christchurch Earthquake ● 2011 - Colombia - Floods ● 2012 - USA - Hurricane Sandy ● 2012 - Chile - Wildfires ● 2013 - Philippines - Typhoon Haiyan ● 2014 - Bosnia - Floods
  • 37. Lessons: Innovation and Adoption n  Encourage innovation and internal competition n  Eden would not have happened if we stayed with just one product n  There should always be one mature product n  501(c)3 status and vendors was advantages to promote deployments n  For preparedness the best model is a public- private partnership with the Foundation and Vendors on deployment
  • 38. Community today ●  40 members from 12 countries ●  Programs o  Google Code In o  Google Summer of Code o  Sahana Internship Program o  Training program o  SahanaCamp Lead Partners
  • 39. Testimonials Faced with disaster situations, like those lived by [Chile] in the last days, the need for information becomes imperative. With this Smart Center, we can significantly reduce response times for the persons that search, and optimize volunteer work. Lorenza Donoso, President of the Chilean Red Cross on the Sahana Eden-based Smart Center solution, used in response to wildfires in early 2012 Sahana [Eden] is blowing my mind. I can’t think of any project we’ve done that we couldn’t build on this platform. @CDRP_FSU (Center for Disaster Risk Policy at Florida State University), 2012 No innovation matters more than that which saves lives. Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines on the use of Sahana following disastrous mudslides in 2005 The Sahana Software Foundation’s commitment to supporting grassroots, community-led organizing endeavors has been astounding. Devin Balkind,, Co-Founder and Executive Director of the Sarapis Foundation on the Sahana Software Foundation’s response to Hurricane Sandy, 2013 ☀
  • 40. Recognition Computerworld Honors Laureate in Human Services 2013 Gartner “Cool Vendor” in Risk Management & Compliance 2010 Public Private Businesses Inc. Best Practices Award 2010
  • 41. To Recap: Sahana is n  Open Source n  For alignment to Humanitarian Values n  Global Community Built n  A melting pot of global innovation with shared investment n  Disaster Management n  A leading disaster management system n  Platform n  Rapidly configurable for a disaster response requirement ●  22 Disaster Response Deployments ●  13 Disaster Preparedness Deployments ●  25+ Countries
  • 42. Thank You Chamindra de Silva Director, Sahana Foundation Director, Virtusa Corporation chamindra@sahanafoundation.org
  • 43. SahanaCamp IOTX