1-1          Theatre of Diversity• Today, many types of theatre are available:  –   Multiethnic and multicultural  –   Per...
1-2  A Theatre of Infinite Variety• There is an incredible variety of plays: TF  – Old and new  – Classics and cutting-edg...
The Audience: ItsRole and Imagination                       2     © Michal Daniel
DID© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
YOU© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
review© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Your             Notes?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
2-8                    Performer and Audience       Ina world of technological innovations,        how has theatre surviv...
2-9       Theatre as a Group Experience      Theatre  provides a communal experience.       Which art forms don’t demand ...
2-10                    Performer and Audience      ―At it’s most basic, theatre       requires someone to walk       acr...
2-11                         Psychology of Groups       Gustave     Le Bon’s theory of group           behavior:         ...
2-12                 Audience Makeup and the                   Theatre Experience       It is not just important to have ...
2-13           Separate Roles of Performers                 and Spectators       Audience Involvement       Aesthetic Di...
2-14           Separate Roles of Performers                 and Spectators    AESTHETIC                   DISTANCE: separ...
2-15                        The Imagination of the                              Audience        The audience’s role in th...
© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
2-17                        The Imagination of the                              Audience        The audience’s role in th...
2-18                        The Imagination of the                              Audience                            YOUR  ...
2-19                     Tools of the Imagination     SYMBOL                       TF              a sign, token, or emb...
2-20              Imaginary Worlds of Theatre        Realism              Brought to you by Ibsen, Strindberg, and Chekh...
REMEMBER                  TO© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
REVIEW                             YOUR                             NOTES© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights...
2-23              Imaginary Worlds of Theatre        Nonrealism              Nonrealistic elements of theatre TT/TP     ...
2-24                         Stage Reality vs. Fact       Whether   theatre is realistic, nonrealistic, or        a combi...
 ANACHRONISM:      when a       person, object, event is taken out of their       time period and      And placed in anot...
 ANACHRONISM:                                          when a person, object, or            event is taken out of their p...
 PANTOMIME                               (MIME): Pretending to use          Objects that aren’t there© 2009 The McGraw-H...
Musical Theatre© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
SYMBOL: a token or sign that           represents something else© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
SYMBOL: a token or sign that           represents something else© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
 METAPHOR© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
 METAPHOR© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
 OBSERVED                             THEATRE© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
 OBSERVED                             THEATRE                                                              Observed theat...
 PARTICPATORY                                          THEATRE© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
 PARTICPATORY                                          THEATRE                             Participatory theatre         ...
 REPRESENTATIONAL                                     THEATRE                                                      Attemp...
 REPRESENTATIONAL                                     THEATRE                                                      Attemp...
 PRESENTATIONAL            THEATRE:          Actors may play more than one role.          Actors BREAK THE FOURTH WALL   ...
 PRESENTATIONAL         THEATRE:          Actors may play more than one role.          Actors BREAK THE FOURTH WALL      ...
 PRESENTATIONAL                                        or                        REPRESENTATIONAL?:© 2009 The McGraw-Hil...
FIVE ELEMENTS                     MUST EXIST                 TO HAVE THEATRE                                              ...
ONE                 OR MORE                                        ACTORS                TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Compani...
AN                       AUDIENCE         TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
PARTICULAR                                          PLACE               TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All righ...
                     PARTICULAR                                        TIME                  TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Com...
Attending       a play           is like catching a           flight© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights res...
 Attending                    a play is like catching a flight      WE WILL BEGIN       WITHOUT YOU      You will miss ...
               A STRUCTURED                         EVENT                                TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Compani...
We   plan, rehearse      There are moments       to be anticipated© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights rese...
THE POTENTIAL                     OF THEATRE                               TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All...
ENGAGE ALL                      FIVE SENSES                             TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All ri...
SIGHT                                              SOUND                                              SMELL               ...
TOUCH© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
THEATRICAL                            CONVENTIONS                                                              TT/TP© 2009...
THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS                        The “rules” of                           Theatre© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Compa...
THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS           The “rules” of Theatre         Remember; we’re                                      Playi...
VIRTUAL                                      TIME                    TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All right...
© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
VIRTUAL                                      PLACE                   TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All right...
© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
PRESENTATION               TIME                                           TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rig...
REPRESENTATION                         TIME                                 TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Al...
LASTING                                        IMPACT                TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All right...
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  1. 1. 1-1 Theatre of Diversity• Today, many types of theatre are available: – Multiethnic and multicultural – Performance art – Avant-garde and experimental – Crossover TF
  2. 2. 1-2 A Theatre of Infinite Variety• There is an incredible variety of plays: TF – Old and new – Classics and cutting-edge – Multiethnic, multicultural, and political• Plays are offered in an amazing array of performance spaces: TF – Indoors and outdoors – Elegant, modern auditoriums – Bare stages
  3. 3. The Audience: ItsRole and Imagination 2 © Michal Daniel
  4. 4. DID© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. YOU© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. review© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Your Notes?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. 2-8 Performer and Audience  Ina world of technological innovations, how has theatre survived?  The relationship between performer and audience  The special nature of that relationship  The chemistry of that contact  We are not just in the presence of the performers—they are also in OUR presence. TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. 2-9 Theatre as a Group Experience  Theatre provides a communal experience. Which art forms don’t demand a group?  A theatre audience does not contemplate theatre individually, but rather as individuals within a larger group  Without an audience, can there be a theatrical event?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. © T. Charles Erickson
  10. 10. 2-10 Performer and Audience ―At it’s most basic, theatre requires someone to walk across an empty space while someone else watches.‖ Director Peter Brook TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. 2-11 Psychology of Groups  Gustave Le Bon’s theory of group behavior:  A collection of people ―presents new characteristics very different from those of the individuals composing it‖  A crowd develops a ―COLLECTIVE MIND TF which makes them feel, think, and act in a manner quite different from that in which each individual of them would feel, think, and act were he in a state of isolation.‖© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. 2-12 Audience Makeup and the Theatre Experience  It is not just important to have an audience, but also to know who the audience is.  Are the audience members homogeneous or from a variety of backgrounds?  Some factors that contribute to the audience’s makeup:  Gender  Race  Socioeconomic background  Geography  Age© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. 2-13 Separate Roles of Performers and Spectators  Audience Involvement  Aesthetic Distance  Observed theatre  Audience participates vicariously and empathically  Participatory theatre © Phillip Buehler  Involves participation through Direct Action  Creative dramatics, sociodrama, psychodrama, and drama therapy  Participatory theatre is a means to another end—its aim is not public performance© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. 2-14 Separate Roles of Performers and Spectators  AESTHETIC DISTANCE: separation of the audience from the performance TT/TP  You KNOW it’s just a play© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. 2-15 The Imagination of the Audience  The audience’s role in the creation of illusion  WILLING SUSPENSION OF DISBELIEF TF • Believing in fantasy • Accepting drastic shifts in time and space • Rapid movements back and forth in time • Anachronism  In theatre, the audience must be as willing to use its’ imagination as are the performers © Geraint Lewis© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  17. 17. 2-17 The Imagination of the Audience  The audience’s role in the creation of illusion IMAGINATION:  WILLING SUSPENSION OF DISBELIEF TF +  AESTHETIC DISTANCE TT/TP © Geraint Lewis© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. 2-18 The Imagination of the Audience YOUR IMAGINATION IS REAL © Geraint Lewis© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. 2-19 Tools of the Imagination  SYMBOL TF  a sign, token, or emblem that signifies something else  METAPHOR TF  Stating that one thing is another in order to describe its meaning more clearly© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. © R. Morely/PhotoLink/Getty Images
  20. 20. 2-20 Imaginary Worlds of Theatre  Realism  Brought to you by Ibsen, Strindberg, and Chekhov TF  Realistic Elements of theatre TT/TP  Resembles observable reality  Characters rooted in recognizable human truth  Characters with life histories, motives, and anxieties  Setting and costumes that reflect where ―real‖ people would live and what they would wear© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Sarah Krulwich/The New York Times/Redux
  21. 21. REMEMBER TO© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. REVIEW YOUR NOTES© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  23. 23. 2-23 Imaginary Worlds of Theatre  Nonrealism  Nonrealistic elements of theatre TT/TP • Everything that does not conform to our observations of surface reality • Poetry not prose • Ghosts, soliloquy, and fantasy • Abstract design elements • Dreams and symbols  The surface of life can never convey the whole truth© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. © Craig Schwartz/Center Theatre Group, Ahmanson Theatre
  24. 24. 2-24 Stage Reality vs. Fact  Whether theatre is realistic, nonrealistic, or a combination of both, it is not the same as the physical reality of everyday life  No matter how involved we become in a theatrical event, it is important that we are always aware on some level that we are in a theatre© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. © Richard Termine
  25. 25.  ANACHRONISM: when a person, object, event is taken out of their time period and And placed in another. TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  26. 26.  ANACHRONISM: when a person, object, or event is taken out of their proper time period and And placed in another.© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  27. 27.  PANTOMIME (MIME): Pretending to use  Objects that aren’t there© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  28. 28. Musical Theatre© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  29. 29. SYMBOL: a token or sign that represents something else© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  30. 30. SYMBOL: a token or sign that represents something else© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  31. 31.  METAPHOR© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  32. 32.  METAPHOR© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  33. 33.  OBSERVED THEATRE© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  34. 34.  OBSERVED THEATRE Observed theatre Audience participates vicariously and empathically TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  35. 35.  PARTICPATORY THEATRE© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  36. 36.  PARTICPATORY THEATRE Participatory theatre Involves participation through Direct Action (______________ ability) Creative dramatics, sociodrama, psychodrama, and drama therapy TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  37. 37.  REPRESENTATIONAL THEATRE Attempt to look and feel realistic. Actors will ignore the audience. The audience watches the lives of the characters through the FOURTH WALL. Which REPRESENTATIONAL t.v. shows do you watch?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  38. 38.  REPRESENTATIONAL THEATRE Attempt to look and feel realistic. Actors will ignore the audience. The audience watches the lives of the characters through the FOURTH WALL. Which REPRESENTATIONAL t.v. shows do you watch?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  39. 39.  PRESENTATIONAL THEATRE: Actors may play more than one role. Actors BREAK THE FOURTH WALL by acknowledging the audience and talking to them. Sets and costumes are often changed in front of the audience. The audience is expected to engage more of their ___________ability TF/TP Are there any television shows that are Presentational?© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  40. 40.  PRESENTATIONAL THEATRE: Actors may play more than one role. Actors BREAK THE FOURTH WALL by acknowledging the audience and talking to them.© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  41. 41.  PRESENTATIONAL or  REPRESENTATIONAL?:© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  42. 42. FIVE ELEMENTS MUST EXIST TO HAVE THEATRE TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  43. 43. ONE OR MORE ACTORS TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  44. 44. AN AUDIENCE TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  45. 45. PARTICULAR PLACE TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  46. 46.  PARTICULAR TIME TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  47. 47. Attending a play is like catching a flight© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  48. 48.  Attending a play is like catching a flight WE WILL BEGIN WITHOUT YOU You will miss something© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  49. 49.  A STRUCTURED EVENT TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  50. 50. We plan, rehearse There are moments to be anticipated© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  51. 51. THE POTENTIAL OF THEATRE TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  52. 52. ENGAGE ALL FIVE SENSES TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  53. 53. SIGHT SOUND SMELL TASTE TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  54. 54. TOUCH© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  55. 55. THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  56. 56. THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS The “rules” of Theatre© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  57. 57. THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS The “rules” of Theatre Remember; we’re Playing© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  58. 58. VIRTUAL TIME TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  59. 59. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  60. 60. VIRTUAL PLACE TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  61. 61. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  62. 62. © 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  63. 63. PRESENTATION TIME TF© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  64. 64. REPRESENTATION TIME TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
  65. 65. LASTING IMPACT TT/TP© 2009 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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