Tsunami Envisioned disaster area: Prevention ,Preparedness and Adaptations Submitted By - Kiran Jadhav, Aarti Jadhav and Rakesh INDIA
A tsunami (pronounced su-nah-me) is a series of waves, generated in a body of water by an impulsive disturbance that vertically displaces the water column.
Earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, explosions, and even the impact of cosmic bodies, such as meteorites, can generate tsunamis.
The Development of a Tsunami Underwater earthquakes cause an uplift of one plate and a subsequent displacement of water. The water is pushed upward above normal sea level. The resulting wave can be hundred of miles long and has been know to reach heights of up to 34 ft. The waves travel as fast or faster than a commercial jet.
Contamination of drinking water, food, and living areas are a big problem.
Destruction and damages of buildings.
Death, injury, millions of dollars in financial loss
Impact on soil and water
Loss of fishing capacity.
300 000 dead Thousands of houses destroyed Loss of property Tourist resorts and coastline buildings destroyed Effects Of The Tsunami
Is it possible to prevent a tsunami?
Once a tsunami has been formed, there is no way to stop it, but with an effective warning system in place, people can be evacuated.
And reducing the damage caused by a tsunami is certainly achievable. Tsunami walls, flood gates, and channels are three measures that can be taken to that end
Flood gates and channels can help redirect some of the incoming water from a tsunami, but a large tsunami will easily overwhelm any of the measures that are used to reduce its strength
If you feel an earthquake, expect a tsunami warning in its wake, and vacate low-lying areas.
A tsunami can also be dangerous farther from shore because it can carry buildings, cars
If you see a drop in sea level, leave the area immediately. Also, a tsunami may sound like an oncoming train.
It would be more better if following things are provided before the tsunami destructions:
Tsunami information bulletin = a threat exists.
Tsunami watch = residents should be alert.
Tsunami warning = tsunami arrival times are given
Sirens Emergency Alert System Radios Telephones/Hotlines Wire Data Systems Satellite Emergency Communication
Siren warning system
All sirens are radio controlled.
New sirens are solar powered
Emergency Alert System (EAS)
How it Works (Emergency Alert System, EAS) Activated by: National Weather Service State Civil Defense County Civil Defense EAS Audio & Alarm Audio Audio & Crawlers BROADCASTERS
Protecting children separated from parents or orphaned by the tsunami
The charities helps children without parents get places in foster families or with their extended families.
They also create safe places for children in camps, and trained staff to look after them.
Plans were put in place to repair damaged roads and railways.
Drains were cleared to prevent
the infestation of flies and
Most families will be living in
temporary shelters for at
least three years.
New businesses must be adopted to spring up all across the areas hit by the Tsunami.
Community Centers These were built to serve as preschools, clinics, libraries and meeting places for children’s groups. The centres will also provide a safe place for villagers in future emergencies, such as monsoon flooding Cage Fish Rearing
Here’s hoping that none of us is ever in the path of a tsunami. GOOD LUCK to us all!