[Challenge:Future] Semi finals - HOW TO CREATE JOBS FOR THE KENYAN YOUTHS
MAKE IT WORKHow to create jobs for the Kenyan youths Team: Low-Level Youth Bunge Group Country: Kenya 4/13/2013
SOLUTIONS TO YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT IN KENYA1. LOWERING THE ENERGY COST The ever escalating prices of electricity and oil has in turn increased the cost of production. High energy cost has also scared away investors and even making many companies to stop production and thus retrenchments of many youths. Kenya gets most of its electricity from the seven folks hydro- electric dams build on river Tana. During dry seasons the water level goes down and all the dams stop electricity production. It is for this reason that the government embark on using diesel generators and thus leading to high energy cost. To solve this problem we need to build more hydro-electric dams but not on the same river. We only produce 1350MW from water out of a hydro-potential of 7000MW. We will also slice the cost by training livestock farmers on how to produce bio-gas from cow-dung since most farmers have no idea on how this is done. Research shows that Geo-thermal can produce more than 750MW if we fully invest in this sector. Another way of reducing the energy cost is to equip all the schools in the rural areas with solar panels. We can still join hands with the neighboring countries just as we did with the 21 billion dollar LAMSET Lamu port project and invest in fusion energy project. Fusion power last longer and is less expensive. Helium IV is a good source of this type of energy. If we supply power in all areas in Kenya will create more young entrepreneurs plus many jobs.
2. IMPROVING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM Recent surveys shows that majority of the Kenyan youths arelocked out of employment because of the poor/lacking ICT skills. To solve many problems relating to skills and education, a newsyllabus need to be in place in order to reflect the needs of theindustry and labor market. Entrepreneurship and technical education needs to be enhancedso as to make the youths to be job creators and not job seekers. All schools should be equipped with enough qualified andcompetent teachers. Workshops, science labs, and computer labsshould be well equipped to ensure that the students achieve the21st century educational requirement. We are also required tobuild more schools to ensure that the 60% of the students whoare left out of the secondary school slots every year are enrolledin the system.3. PROMOTION OF PEACE, LOVE AND UNITYThis is to be done through peace campaigns and explaining to theyouths about the important of peace.Peace can also be promoted through equitable distribution of thenational resources. Foreign investors will only be attracted to dobusiness in this country if peace prevails.4. GIVING GRANTS/REDUCING LOAN REQUIREMENTS/INTERESTRATE: Most of the youths have ended up disappointed by the bankswherever they ask for loans. The government/NGOs must come up with grants programs forthe youths to stimulate the growth and creation of business.
5. ENHANCE SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOL Majority of our young girls get pregnant while in school. Thisprevents them from finishing their education. Without education thisgirls end up not qualifying for employment since they will have no skills. I believe with compulsory sex education we shall help our boys andgirls to know about sex and its consequences. 6. PROMOTING URBAN TO RURAL MIGRATION Majority of the youths move from rural areas to urban areas in searchof jobs and while coming to the city they have high expectation. Whenthey fail to secure employment, they refuse to go back to the villagesince they don’t want to be seen as failures so they stay behind andthus engaging in criminal activities, prostitution, and hence leading toexpansion of slums.In order to promote urban to rural migration the government shouldeducate the youth on agri-business, agricultural technology and shouldalso give agricultural grants to youths in order to stimulate agriculture.We can also do this by leasing the un-used government land to youths.The government should equip the rural areas with modern facilities andservices such as; fresh water, internet, universities, healthcare andgood schools.Improve infrastructure especially roads and electricity supply so thatthe rural youths do not fill inferior and out dated when they comparethemselves with those from urban areas.