That began 200 years ago with the industrial revolution When machineries replaced human labor and fossil fuels became our main production sourceThis made us able to produce more … And be able to easily in a shorter amount of time satisfy our daily needs Which had a major effect on human population growth, resource consumption and waste production
How big are these effects on our planet’s scale???Human consumption has doubled in the The average American produces about 2kg of last 30 years and continues waste a day, 13 kg a week and 726 kg a year. to accelerate with 1.5 percent per year. Each year in the European UnionBetween 1990 and 1995, the alone we throw away 1.3 billion amount of tones of waste. This amounts to waste generated in Europe about 3.5 tones of solid waste for increased by 10% every man, woman and child.1 billion people in 18046 billion people in 1999 In the past three decades 1/3 of7 billion people in 2010 the planet’s resources has been And with a growth of consumed. 75 million people/year we will reach9 billion people by 2046 Humanity ecological footprint has increased to 125% of global carrying capacity and could rise to 170% by 2040. Sources: the United Nations, Population Division; the World Wildlife Fund (WWF); the Environmental Protection Agency; European Commission focus on waste management; Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins and L. Hunter Lovins, Natural Capitalism
We produce a lot of waste…but how much we recycle? We recycle over half of our aluminum. Making a new aluminum can out of an old one saves of the energy used to make the can from bauxite ore. It also prevents nearly all the industrial waste and pollution caused by mining new ore. New cans are back in the store in as little as 6 weeks. We recycle about 38% of all paper. Paper fibers can be recycled several times before they become too weak and must be discarded. Using recycled paper to make new paper saves much of the energy and resources consumed by making paper from logs. We recycle about 20% of our glass. Making recycled glass uses less energy and makes less than making new glass because crushed recycled glass melts at a lower temperature than the virgin components of glass. We recycle only 5% of all plastic, but 45% of the type of plastic used to make soda bottles. Although some plastics look alike, they can be made of different ingredients. They must be carefully separated because one small piece of one kind can ruin a whole truckload of another kind. Recycling wont solve all our garbage problems. Reducing our consumption is still the best option. The rotten truth website: http://www.astc.org/exhibitions/rotten/howmuch.htm
Our needs are satisfied within different types of buildings…
Our daily schedule is spent inside different buildings… Our destination is always a building…
And what happens between? We are so hurried to reach our destination that: We don’t know who are our neighbours anymore. We don’t have time to spend with our families. We forgot about the planet we live in. We know just how to move and we forgot the joy of life.Between our departing point and our destination we see the same landscape everyday, so we don’t stop anymore…we just pass by.
HOW CAN WE CUT THIS CHAINAND MAKE PEOPLE STOP FOR A WHILE?
By attracting their attention… towards the public space
A public space that can change it’s appearance when people want it WHO WILL START THIS? An artist/craftman who knows how to give SCULPTURES a new life to apparently useless obects URBAN FURNITURE TRASH DECORATION OBJECTS GARBAGE RECYCLING REUSE INVENTIONSUSED OBJECTS TOYS AND GAMES FOR HOW? By helding lectures, public debates, workshops, THE CHILDREN expositions, demonstrations... WHEN? During the weekends, in the afternoon or evening TO WHOM? To all the interested persons (inhabitants of a neighbourhood, passers-by or tourists)
Who is involved in this change and how? •By interacting with the inhabitants•By collecting their waste and old and knowing their thoughts and objects needs •By providing the authorizations •By mediating the relationship•By sharing tools and objects with the community needed to allow the activities inhabitants – local authorities happen in the public space•By participating in the workshops •By promoting the events•By creating new objects •By organizing competitions between the neighbourhoods NGO’S INHABITANTS LOCAL AUTHORITIES ARTISTS •By holding exhibitions in the SPONSORS neighbourhood’s public space •By coordinating free recycling workshops in the neighbourhood •By coordinating debates about new ways of recycling/reuse our trash •By donating tools and materials necessary for this workshop •By promoting the events
What could go wrong? And possible sollutions...- The authorities can refuse our project. This would mean that we have to reformulatethe project and make it more appealing to the authorities. Explaining the benefits thisproject could bring to the city: local publicity in the papers and local radio stations,less money spent on garbage collectors, less money spent to arrange the spaces nearthe buildings and also a low maintenance cost.- The artist can refuse our proposal because he doesn’t have the time to work forfree. We can explain him the indirect benefits he would have after this project: morepeople will know his work, more people will be aware of the benefits of buying arecycled object and more people will visit his work place in search of “new releases”.- The people can dislike the idea of using their waste or find it dirty. This can beprevented by having meetings with them and presenting/explaining how will be done,giving them real examples of recycled objects that artists make and that are neitherdirty nor ugly.- The inhabitants may not have the time to attend the discussions, workshops, etc.We can inform them by email or by a little brochure what happened that month intheir neighbourhood and what are the future events. The idea is not to have all thepeople to the workshops, but to have a constant number of participants in all theevents.- The neighbours may argue about the quality/beauty/solidity of a created object.The solution is understanding and equity… and we must not forget that recycledobjects don’t have a long life, so we must be understanding and give people thechance to express themselves and their creativity.
WE FILL THE BOX WITH TOOLS AND MATERIALS… Possible MATERIALS: glue, paint, nails, rope, cables, tapes etc. and TOOLS: saws, drill presses, hammers etc.
AND WE WILL HAVE… A “COMMUNITY” BOX MOBILE, SUSTAINABLE (NO ENERGY CONSUMPTION, NO CO2 EMISSIONS, REUSED MATERIALS – WOOD, IRON ETC.), HUMAN POWERED, LIGHT WEIGHT, RELATIVELY FAST, INDEPENDENT OF TRAFFIC JAMS
A “COMMUNITY” BOX THATCAN GO WHEREVER YOU NEED IT
OUR PURPOSE IS A BIG ONE, SO A “COMMUNITY” BOX THATCAN GO WHENEVER YOU NEED IT
What will people experience by participating to these activities?The FUN of spending free time with family and friends.The joy of CREATING an object with one’s own hands.The sense of PRESERVING our environment.The pleasure of WORKING together.The act of DISCOVERING news ways of recycling.The benefits of informal LEARNING.A new way of VOLUNTEERING and creating a social network.
What are the long therm benefits?-a cleaner planet and a better environment to live-a new type of urban space where the community decides the activities andthe arrangements they can have-good publicity for the city, in terms of tourism-a better development of the city, focused on an ecological approach-new investors that want to invest in the city/neighbourhood because of itsecological view
LET’S BE IMAGINATIVE ANDSTART CREATING OUR PUBLIC SPACESLIKE WE DO WITH OUR PRIVATE ONES !!! THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!