PROJECT NAME: BACK TO THEFARMTEAM NAME : TEAM HOPECOUNTRY: NIGERIASCHOOL: COVENANT UNIVERSITY
INTRODUCTION• A recent recruitment exercise in Nigeria for heavy truck drivers received 13,000 applications, six(6) were PhD holders, 704 were Masters Holders, while 8,460 were Bachelor degree holders(CKN NIGERIA, 2012).• This, out of numerous recruitment exercises in Nigeria not only shows the unemployment situation but also the desperation of the youths to move out of the statistics of those living below one dollar per day
The issue of unemployment in The level of unemployment inNigeria has resulted from issues Nigeria has left our youths turningsuch as to the various vices such as• neglect of the agricultural sector • militancy• political instability • prostitution• corruption • kidnapping• decades of poor leadership • political thugs• population growth • road side beggars• Rural-Urban migration • internet scammers• Lack of vibrant manufacturing • terrorist groups sector • drug trafficking• and Poor academic curriculum. • and every other means to provide for their survival.
Age Distribution of Geographical Distribution of unemployed Unemployed youths 9% 43% Urban 39% 15-24 25-44 Rural 57% 45-59 52% Educational Distribution of Unemployed youths Primary School 25% leaver 35% Secondary School Leaver Post-Secondary 40% School leaverSource: National statistics bureau, 2011
ENVISIONING THE SOLUTIONUnemployment in Nigeria is as a result of various undevelopedsectors of the economy, therefore an agricultural perspectivewill go a long way in tackling the challenge, this is due to the factthat it possesses high growth potential and requires very littletechnical expertise.One major crop identified to have created employmentopportunities in the past and still has the potential, if it can berevived is Cotton
• As development spreads across the globe, and many more people enter the middle class, the demand for textile products will keep increasing and hence an increase in the demand for raw cotton. Nigeria has the potential of producing enough cotton to significantly impact the nation’s economy.• Developing a vibrant cotton production system will have a ripple effect on the economy, as it will positively affect many industries from manufacturing to fashion design.
Employment Opportunities available in the cotton industry includes: Direct employment such as Indirect employment like oField workers oTextile retailers oAdministrators oTailors oOperators oFashion designers oDistributors oTransporters oSuppliers oBotanist oTechnicians
Our Plan is fashioned to cater for youths at all levels ofeducation. The main elements of our plan are listed below:• The first step involves setting up a training center where selected unemployed youths will be trained on how to cultivate cotton• Land will be acquired and trained youths will cultivate cotton on these land with the knowledge they have acquired.• Textile mills will be built for textile production• Bales of harvested cotton will be processed into yarns and fiber
• The next stage in the plan requires training youths in fashion design to give them the skills required to turn the processed cotton into clothing wares.• These system will be run as a social enterprise and will be committed to high wage and continuous employment scheme.• This system is very scalable and can be repeated in different cities in the nation with each having its own farm and textile mill running independently of the other
PROJECTED OUTCOMEIf each farm acquired is about 100 hectares and employs about 800people beginning with at least 2 farms in the first year, we can gain anaccelerated growth and employ about 100,000 people in about 10 years.This number can increase tremendously in the presence of Governmentalsupport.This scheme is targeted at youths within ages 18 – 45, as soon as this agelimit is exceeded, such individuals will be asked to resign to create spacefor more youths to be employed.The amount of land purchased, the production capacity, number of citiespenetrated, and overall profit made from the cotton industry will indicatethe level of success attained per time.