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  1. 1. VOCABULARY Taking control of unfamiliar vocabulary
  2. 2. <ul><li>How do you usually learn new vocabulary words? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memorize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context clues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. WORD ANALYSIS <ul><li>Finding the meaning by breaking words down into their component unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic elements of each word are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Root </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affix (prefix and suffix) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ DEMO GRAPH ICS ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demo = people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graph = measure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-ics = make the word noun </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Quick questions? <ul><li>Can you think of the longest word that you’ve ever encountered in English? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Word Analysis <ul><li>What do you think this word mean? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Antidisestablishmentarianism” </li></ul><ul><li>Try to break this word down to its root! </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Establish : Grant special state privileges to a church </li></ul><ul><li>Disestablish : Take away special privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Disestablishment : The act of taking away special privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Disestablishmentarian : One who advocates disestablishment </li></ul><ul><li>Disestablishmentarianism : The doctrine of disestablishment </li></ul><ul><li>Antidisestablishmentarianism : Opposition to the doctrine of disestablishing the church </li></ul>
  7. 7. Word Analysis <ul><li>This method helps suggest the core meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very helpful when the words are difficult or technical terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve comprehension and speed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cautions! <ul><li>You cannot always infer the precise meaning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaning can change over time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some words acquired additional meanings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some words have deviated from original meanings. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Might not be useful if you don’t know the root and the meaning of the affix. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not try to create your own words! </li></ul><ul><li>Should use context clues for better understanding. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Context Clues <ul><li>“ Context” means the information expressed in the phrase, sentence, paragraph, or passage in which a targeted word is found. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think these 3 words mean? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter agreed to chair the committee. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take some time and leaf through the pages of the book. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I couldn’t stomach his plans to fool rich, old people into giving him money. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How context clues work: <ul><li>Giving some definitions (that is, - ; -- ,) </li></ul><ul><li>Giving examples or illustrations (such as, for example, to name a few, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Contrasting statement (unlike, while, whereas, contrary to, although, but, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms and antonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Superordinates and hyponyms </li></ul>
  11. 11. Superordinates and Hyponyms <ul><li>As we slowly made our way up the Chao Phraya River, the familiar landmarks came into view: the Oriental Hotel, the Temple of the Dawn, and the magnificent Grand Palace . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Superordinates and hyponyms <ul><li>The Earth may seem large, but it is by no means the biggest planet in the solar system, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are all much larger. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Superordinates and hyponyms <ul><li>When the heavy rain began to leak from the roof, we ran around the house looking for any container we could find. We used pails, tubs, bowls, glasses, cups, even boxes filled with large plastic bags. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Now, do the example exercise and exercise 1 (on page 3 and 5) in your textbook.
  15. 15. Tomorrow’s Topics <ul><li>ROOTS AND AFFIXES </li></ul><ul><li>DICTIONARY USAGE </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Let’s call it a night, and </li></ul><ul><li>Have a Good Night! </li></ul>