Sentence Types Newest

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Sentence Types Newest

  1. 1. Sentence Structure: Sentence Types
  2. 2. Sentence Types <ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Compound </li></ul><ul><li>Complex </li></ul><ul><li>Compound-Complex </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Elements of Every Sentence SUBJECT PREDICATE
  4. 4. Basic Elements Mary plays tennis. SUBJECT PREDICATE
  5. 5. SIMPLE SENTENCE Mary plays tennis. SUBJECT PREDICATE one subject one predicate
  6. 6. Simple Sentence play tennis. Tom and Mary Compound Subject &
  7. 7. Simple Sentence play tennis and swim. Tom and Mary Compound Subject Compound Predicate & &
  8. 8. SIMPLE SENTENCE with compound subject Tom and Mary play tennis.
  9. 9. SIMPLE SENTENCE with compound subject and compound predicate Tom and Mary play tennis and swim.
  10. 10. Compound Sentence with Coordinating Conjunctions SUBJECT PREDICATE SUBJECT PREDICATE and
  11. 11. Compound Sentence Tom swims, Mary plays tennis. and
  12. 12. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS F OR A ND N OR B UT O R Y ET S O
  13. 13. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Tom swims , and Mary plays tennis. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Independent
  14. 14. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Tom swims , and Mary plays tennis. Comma before “and” in compound sentences!
  15. 15. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS MOREOVER HOWEVER OTHERWISE THEREFORE
  16. 16. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Bob is handsome ; moreover, he is rich. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Independent
  17. 17. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Note: Semicolon before conjunctive adverb and comma after conjunctive adverb! Bob is handsome ; moreover, he is rich.
  18. 18. Conjunctive Adverbs “float” <ul><li>Conjunctive adverbs are sometimes called “floating” adverbs because they can be positioned at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a clause. </li></ul>
  19. 19. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: AT THE BEGINNING, IN THE MIDDLE,AT THE END Bob is handsome ; moreover, he is rich. Bob is handsome; he is, moreover , rich. Bob is handsome; he is rich, moreover .
  20. 20. Semicolons <ul><li>“ If the relation between the ideas expressed in the main clauses is very close and obvious without a conjunction, you can separate the clauses with a semicolon” ( Little, Brown Handbook, 9th Edition, p. 361). </li></ul>
  21. 21. COMPOUND SENTENCE: SEMICOLON Matt has benefited from his exercise program ; he is slim and energetic.
  22. 22. Complex Sentence SUBJECT PREDICATE SUBJECT PREDICATE even though
  23. 23. Complex Sentence Bob is popular he is ugly. even though
  24. 24. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS The most common subordinating conjunctions are &quot;after,&quot; &quot;although,&quot; &quot;as,&quot; &quot;because,&quot; &quot;before,&quot; &quot;how,&quot; &quot;if,&quot; &quot;once,&quot; &quot;since,&quot; &quot;than,&quot; &quot;that,&quot; though,&quot; &quot;till,&quot; &quot;until,&quot; &quot;when,&quot; &quot;where,&quot; &quot;whether,” and while.&quot;
  25. 25. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Bob is popular even though he is ugly. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Dependent
  26. 26. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Even though Bob is ugly, he is popular. Clause 1 Clause 2 Dependent Independent
  27. 27. Examples of complex sentences <ul><li>If the paperwork arrives on time , your cheque will be mailed on Tuesday. </li></ul><ul><li>After she had learned to drive , Alice felt more independent. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerald had to begun his thesis over again when his computer crashed. </li></ul><ul><li>I wondered whether the homework was necessary (or not) . </li></ul>
  28. 28. Compound-Complex Sentence Mike is popular he is good looking, because he is not very happy. but
  29. 29. Examples of compound-complex sentences <ul><li>Naoki passed the test because he studied hard and understood the material. </li></ul><ul><li>The package arrived in the morning , but the courier left before I could check the contents. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many problems to solve before this program can be used , but engineers </li></ul><ul><li>believe that they will be able to solve them soon. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Analyze these sentences <ul><li>Ottawa is the capital of Canada, but Toronto is the capital of Ontario. </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy is a noble goal; it is important, however, to protect the minority from the tyranny of the majority. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>3. Unless my girlfriend postpones her visit from Calgary, I will not have time to study for my exam . </li></ul><ul><li>4. Susanne wanted to be here, but she cannot come because her car is in the shop. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>5. The football game was cancelled because it was raining. </li></ul><ul><li>6. The football game was cancelled because of the rain. </li></ul><ul><li>7. The Island was filled with many trails winding through the thick underbrush, a small lake, and dangerous wild pigs. </li></ul>
  33. 33. References Writing Academic English , Second Edition, by Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue. White Plains: Addison, Wesley, Longman, 1999. The Little, Brown Handbook , by H. Ramsey Fowler and Jane E. Aaron, Pearson, 2004.

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