A Critical Reading


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A Critical Reading

  1. 1. Critical Reading: Restatement and Inference
  2. 2. What Is Critical Reading? <ul><li>To non-critical readers, texts provide facts . Readers gain knowledge by memorizing the statements within a text. </li></ul><ul><li>To the critical reader, any single text provides but one portrayal of the facts, one individual’s “take” on the subject matter. Critical readers thus recognize not only what a text says, but also how the author convey the message. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals of Critical Reading <ul><li>to recognize an author’s purpose              </li></ul><ul><li>to understand tone and persuasive elements </li></ul><ul><li>to recognize bias </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. More specifically; <ul><li>recognizing purpose involves inferring a basis for choices of content and language </li></ul><ul><li>recognizing tone and persuasive elements involves classifying the nature of language choices </li></ul><ul><li>recognizing bias involves classifying the nature of patterns of choice of content and language </li></ul>
  5. 5. Restatement VS. Inference <ul><li>What is the difference between these two words? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Three types of reading and analysis : <ul><li>Non-critical reading is satisfied with recognizing what a text says and restating the key remarks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What a text says     – restatement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What a text does    – description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What a text means – inference </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Inference : Reading Ideas as Well as Words <ul><li>Consider the following statement: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Senator admitted owning the gun that killed his wife.” </li></ul><ul><li>What can be inferred from this statement? </li></ul><ul><li>There is a Senator. </li></ul><ul><li>He owns a gun . </li></ul><ul><li>He is married. </li></ul><ul><li>His wife is dead . </li></ul><ul><li>That gun caused her death. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senator admitted owning that gun . </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ The Senator admitted owning the gun that killed his wife.” <ul><li>Now, what can’t be inferred? </li></ul><ul><li>We do not necessarily know if the Senator's admission is true . </li></ul><ul><li>We do not really know whether the Senator is in any way responsible for his wife's death , nor do we know that she died of gun shot wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>We do not even know if it was murder—it might have been suicide or an accident . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Read the following story. <ul><li>A man and his son are driving in a car . The car crashes into a tree, killing the father and seriously injuring his son . At the hospital, the boy needs to have surgery . Upon looking at the boy, the doctor says ( telling the truth ) , &quot; I cannot operate on him . He is my son .“ </li></ul><ul><li>How can this b e? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Analysis and Inference : The Tools of Critical Reading <ul><li>A critical reader know what to look for </li></ul><ul><li>( analysis ) and how to think about what to find ( inference ) . </li></ul><ul><li>The first part — what to look for — involves recognizing those aspects of a discussion that control the meaning . </li></ul><ul><li>The second part — how to think about what you find — involves the processes of inference , the interpretation of data from within the text . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Restatement VS. Inference <ul><li>What is the difference between these two words? </li></ul>