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BALAJI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCES
BALAJI NAGAR ,LINGAPURAM,
PRODDATUR

Presented by:
N.SUJITH
Roll no:098r1a0203...
INTRODUCTION TO DRIVES:
In recent years, there has been a trend toward using variable speed to operate
motors for equipmen...
COMPARISION BETWEEN A.C & D.C DRIVES:

The higher cost of the AC inverter compared with the DC converter is offset by
the ...
The stator phases are energized in sequence to produce torque on the rotor.
The rotor shape allows it to act as a fan for ...
MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLED DRIVES:
In a power-electronic system, the microcomputer functions can in general be
categorized a...
6) General sequencing control
7) Protection and fault overriding control
8) Signals monitoring and warning
9) Data acquisi...
Microcomputers are having a major impact on industrial applications including
the areas of testing, control, instrumentati...
DRIVE SELECTION:

Depending on the process requirements, environmental conditions and
financial objectives of a company, c...
1) D.C DRIVE SYSTEMS

The invention of power semiconductor saw the advent of d.c drive systems for
most of the early varia...
ADVANTAGES:

1) sharing or precision coordinated speed and tension control
2) Fast control response& rotational accuracy e...
DISADVANTAGES:
1) Generally not suitable for harsh explosive, or corrosive environments
2) Controls relatively complex, pa...
2) A.C DRIVE SYSTEM:

The four important considerations that enter into motor & inverter selection are:
1) Actual motor ca...
MICROCOMPUTER CONTROL OF D.C DRIVES:
A conventional analog control scheme implemented in d.c drives consists of an
outer s...
A synchronizing circuit interface is required so that the microprocessor
can synchronize the generation of the firing puls...
MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLED A.C DRIVES:

A block diagram of the microprocessor-controlled synchronous motor drive is shown
fi...
ADVANTAGES
Better solutions to process engineering problems
More adaptable dynamic characteristics
High operational reliab...
DRIVERS
DRIVERS
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DRIVERS

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Transcript of "DRIVERS"

  1. 1. BALAJI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCES BALAJI NAGAR ,LINGAPURAM, PRODDATUR Presented by: N.SUJITH Roll no:098r1a0203 K.SEKHAR YADAV Roll no:098r1a0208
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO DRIVES: In recent years, there has been a trend toward using variable speed to operate motors for equipment and systems that provide heating, ventilation, and air conditioning for buildings. One of the largely untapped cost-saving features of variable-speed drives is built-in intelligence. The internal control logic of variable-speed drives is microprocessor-driven.
  3. 3. COMPARISION BETWEEN A.C & D.C DRIVES: The higher cost of the AC inverter compared with the DC converter is offset by the much lower cost of the standard induction motor compared with the DC motor. There is a clear implication in much of the promotional material that the inverter-fed system can perform at least as well, or even better, than the DC drive. This is true for some applications such as fans and pumps where high torque is only needed at high speeds. Whereas a DC drive will invariably be supplied with a motor which is provided with through ventilation to allow it to operate continuously at low speeds without overheating, the standard induction motor has no such provision, having been designed primarily for fixed-frequency full speed operation.
  4. 4. The stator phases are energized in sequence to produce torque on the rotor. The rotor shape allows it to act as a fan for cooling the motor. The controller structure is similar to that of AC and DC drives. The biggest single difference is that the current magnitude and wave shape must be controlled.
  5. 5. MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLED DRIVES: In a power-electronic system, the microcomputer functions can in general be categorized as follows: 1) Control of feedback loops 2) Gate firing control of phase-controlled converters 3) PWM or square-wave signal generation of inverters 4) Optimal and adaptive control 5) Estimation of feedback signals
  6. 6. 6) General sequencing control 7) Protection and fault overriding control 8) Signals monitoring and warning 9) Data acquisition 10)Diagnostic Miscellaneous computation and control
  7. 7. Microcomputers are having a major impact on industrial applications including the areas of testing, control, instrumentation, data acquisition, numerical machine control & even robotics. The microprocessor control a.c drives are widely used in following industrial applications: •Fans& pumps •Compressors •Travel& hoists drives in cranes and conveyors •Roller tables in rolling mills •Paper mills
  8. 8. DRIVE SELECTION: Depending on the process requirements, environmental conditions and financial objectives of a company, choice of a drive can be made . The drive systems can be divided into two groups, d.c drive systems & a.c drive systems. They are: 1) D.C DRIVE SYSTEM 2) A.C DRIVE SYSTEM
  9. 9. 1) D.C DRIVE SYSTEMS The invention of power semiconductor saw the advent of d.c drive systems for most of the early variable speed requirements based on the advantages of simple construction & easy of control , this technology continued to be taken up for further improvements allover the world till very recently .
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES: 1) sharing or precision coordinated speed and tension control 2) Fast control response& rotational accuracy even at very low speeds 3) Speed No start -up problems with high torque Large speed setting range without additional equipment 4) Multi motor operation with load stability high 5) Insensitivity to system voltage drops 6) Precise replication of load torque for process control 7) Converter losses reduced to a minimum
  11. 11. DISADVANTAGES: 1) Generally not suitable for harsh explosive, or corrosive environments 2) Controls relatively complex, particularly for high performance drives 3) Motor requires maintenance 4) May create line harmonics APPLICATIONS 1) Log carriages, Veneer lathes 2) Metals industry primary reduction mills, cold mills& processing lines
  12. 12. 2) A.C DRIVE SYSTEM: The four important considerations that enter into motor & inverter selection are: 1) Actual motor capabilities of ampere Vs torque 2) Thermal (low speed) limits 3) High speed limitations & 4) Starting & peak running torque
  13. 13. MICROCOMPUTER CONTROL OF D.C DRIVES: A conventional analog control scheme implemented in d.c drives consists of an outer speed control loop and an inner current control loop
  14. 14. A synchronizing circuit interface is required so that the microprocessor can synchronize the generation of the firing pulse data with the supply line frequency. Although the microcomputer can perform the functions of gate pulse amplifier provides the necessary isolation and produces gate pulse of required magnitude and duration. A set of instructions is stored in the memory, and those instructions are executed by the microprocessor for proper functioning of drive. After receiving the start signal it begins executing the program in a continuous cyclic manner.
  15. 15. MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLED A.C DRIVES: A block diagram of the microprocessor-controlled synchronous motor drive is shown figure
  16. 16. ADVANTAGES Better solutions to process engineering problems More adaptable dynamic characteristics High operational reliability High product consistency Low maintenance & low wear &tear Smaller dimensions Fast communications with a higher order automation systems Quick fault diagnosis Accurate monitoring of protective functions such as phase loss, over current & high& low voltages with out the use of discrete relays
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