Tuberculosis
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Tuberculosis

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Causes, signs, symptoms, and levels of prevention of tuberculosis

Causes, signs, symptoms, and levels of prevention of tuberculosis

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  • 1. PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS Presented by: Group 3
  • 2. What is Tuberculosis???
  • 3. - a contagious bacterial infection. TUBERCULOSIS - usually attacks the lungs but can attack any part of the body (i.e. kidneys, spine, and brain)
  • 4. Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors
  • 5. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • 6. TB is spread through the air from the infected person to another, especially when the person infected coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
  • 7. 200,000 to 600,000 :Filipinos have active TB Philippines : #9 in the top 22 high-burden TB countries in the world -World Health Organization
  • 8. TB is NOT spread by the following…
  • 9. • Shaking someone’s hand
  • 10. • Sharing food or drinks
  • 11. • Touching bed linens or toilet seats
  • 12. • Sharing toothbrushes
  • 13. • Kissing
  • 14. People at high risk of active TB
  • 15. • Elderly
  • 16. • Infants
  • 17. • People with weakened immune systems
  • 18. • People around infected people
  • 19. • People with poor nutrition
  • 20. The following increases rate of TB infection in a population: • HIV infections • Appearance of drug-resistant strains of TB • Increase in number of homeless people
  • 21. Signs and Symptoms
  • 22. Symptoms
  • 23. • Coughing with mucus/blood
  • 24. • Excessive sweating, esp. at night
  • 25. • Fatigue
  • 26. • Fever
  • 27. • Weight loss
  • 28. Other Symptoms: • Breathing difficulty • Wheezing • Chest pain
  • 29. Signs: • Clubbing of fingers and toes • Fluid around a lung (pleural effusion) • Swollen or tender lymph nodes • Unusual breathing sounds
  • 30. Tests
  • 31. Used for diagnosis: • Biopsy • Chest CT scan • Bronchoscopy • Chest x-ray • Sputum examination
  • 32. Levels of Prevention
  • 33. Primary level • adequate exercise • enough rest and sleep • balanced diet • avoidance of smoking and alcohol • good personal hygiene • breathing fresh air and maintaining good indoor ventilation • BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) vaccination
  • 34. All four of the following drugs are taken everyday for a period of 2 months: • Rifampicin • Isoniazid • *Pyrazinamide • *Ethambutol *Myrin-P Forte Secondary level
  • 35. • always cover mouth when coughing, sneezing or laughing • carefully dispose of any used tissues in a sealed plastic bag • open windows when possible to ensure a good supply of fresh air • do not sleep in the same room as other people Tertiary level
  • 36. Thank You!!!