1. WHAT IS A NOUN?A noun is a word used to name aperson, animal, place, thing, andabstract idea.Nouns can function in a sentence asa subject, an object or object of apreposition. • Girl • Bird • Book • Education • Mary • Love • Paris
2. WHAT IS THE SUBJECT? In a sentence, the subject is the person, animal or thing that does the verb: • Alyssa is eating a banana. (Who is eating?) • The cat is drinking milk. (Who is drinking?) • The phone is ringing. (What is ringing?)NOTE: The subject comes before the verb
3. WHAT IS THE OBJECT? In a sentence, the object receives the action performed by the subject: • Alyssa is eating a banana. (What is Alyssa eating?) • The cat is drinking milk. (What is the cat drinking?) • I bought a present for my wife. (What did I buy?)NOTE: The object comes after the verb
4. WHAT IS OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION? Ina sentence, the object of a preposition is the noun following a preposition • Alyssa is eating a banana with chocolate. • The cat is drinking milk in a plate. • I bought a present for my wife.NOTE: The object of prep. comes after a preposition
5. WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? Adjectives are words used to describe nouns. They give you more information about the nouns: • The ball is red • The tall man is waiting for the bus • The small boy is eating a delicious apple • The watch is expensive, but elegant, durable and beautiful.
6. WHAT IS A PRONOUN?A pronoun is a word used to substitutea noun to make a phrase less repetitiveCompare:•Joe is my brother. Joe is 16 years old andgoes to school. Joe likes to play soccer andbasketball. Joe has many friends. Hisfriends like Joe because Joe is nice and fun.•Joe is my brother. He is 16 years old andgoes to school. Joe likes to play soccer andbasketball. He has many friends. They likehim because he is nice and fun.
7. SUBJECT PRONOUNS Subjectpronouns substitute a noun that functions as a subject: • My mom loves Joe. She loves Joe • Joe likes to play soccer. He likes to play soccer • Joe and I go to school. We go to school.NOTE: The subject pronoun comes before the verb
8. OBJECT PRONOUNS Objectpronouns substitute a noun that functions as an object: • My mom loves Joe. My mom loves him • Joe likes his friends. Joe likes them • Joe is talking to Ann. Joe is talking to her.NOTE: The object pronoun comes after the verb
9. SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRON. Subject Object I Me You You He Him She Her It It We Us You You They Them