The family


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The family

  1. 1. The nuclear family
  2. 2. The nuclear family or elementary family is a term used to define a familygroup consisting of a pair of adults and their children. This is in contrastto a polygamous family, single-parent family, and to the larger extendedfamily. Nuclear families typically center on a married couple, but notalways; the nuclear family may have any number of children. There aredifferences in definition among observers; some definitions allow onlybiological children that are full-blood siblings, while others allow for astepparent and any mix of dependent children including stepchildren andadopted children. The extended family
  3. 3. The term extended family defines a family type that extends beyond thenuclear family consisting of grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins allliving nearby or in the same household. In some circumstances, theextended family comes to live either with or in place of a member of thenuclear family; a family that includes in one household near relatives inaddition to a nuclear family. An example would be elderly parent whomove in with their children due to old age. This places large demands onthe caregivers, particularly on the female relatives who choose to performthese duties for their extended family. In modern Western culturesdominated by nuclear family constructs, it has come to be used genericallyto refer to grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins, whether they livetogether within the same household or not. However, it may also refer toa family unit in which several generations live together within a singlehousehold. In some cultures, the term is used synonymously withconsanguineous family. The single-parent family
  4. 4. A single parent usually refers to a parent who has most of the day to dayresponsibilities in the raising of the child or children, which wouldcategorize them as the dominant caregiver who is not living with a spouseor partner, or those who are not married. The dominant caregiver is theparent in whom the children have residency with the majority of the time;if the parents are separated or divorced children live with their custodialparent and have visitation with their noncustodial parent. In westernsociety in general, following separation, a child will end up with theprimary caregiver, usually the mother, and a secondary caregiver, usuallythe father. THE SIBLING HOUSEHOLD
  5. 5. A sibling is one of two or more individuals having one or both parents incommon. A male sibling is called a brother, and a female sibling is calleda sister. In most societies throughout the world, siblings usually grow uptogether, facilitating the development of strong emotional bonds such aslove, hostility or thoughtfulness. The emotional bond between siblings isoften complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment,birth order, personality, and personal experiences outside the family.[1]
  6. 6. A reconstituted family (also known as a blended family) is the sociologicalterm for the joining of two adults via marriage, cohabitation or civilpartnership, who have children from previous relationships.A reconstituted family is also a biological term for a family which has twomums and no dads.Reconstituted Family (also known as a blended family) is the sociologicalterm for the joining of two adults via marriage or cohabitation, who havechildren from previous relationships. Reconstituted families are becomingmore prevalent. Organizations that care for these families should beacquainted with the different aspects of such family structure and familyfunctioning