CONGRATS!• Congrats on becoming an RA! ...• But along with this position, comes great responsibility...
Responding to Emergencies• You might need to respond to small or large scale emergencies.• Emergencies in Southern California could include: fires, earthquakes, hazardous materials spills, wind events, as well as other natural and man-made disasters.• You can prepare for these.
Respond toemergencies• Learn how to respond to small - large scale emergencies which include fires, earthquakes, utility outages, hazardous materials spills, wind events, and many more.. Use the Campus Safety Emergency Procedures Handbook as a guide.• You can prepare for these.
Disaster Preparedness Pyramid• Personal Preparedness• Get your Kit together• Psychological Preparedness
Personal Preparedness• The foundation.• Without personal Preparedness you will not be able to fully focus on the response task.
Get Your Kit Together• Disaster kit should meet your survival needs for first 72 hours after an event.• Makes you a resource and not dependant on others.• Keep survival kits in your room, work, car, etc..
Preparedness Checklist • There are many others approaches available. Here are two: • FEMA http://www.ready.gov/basic- disaster-supplies-kit, • Red Cross: http://www.redcross.org/www- files/Documents/pdf/Preparedness/BRC R_3-9-09.pdf. Find one that works for you and build on the list at least a couple of times a year.
Disaster Kit Break-down• Basics: Water, food, clothing (shoes, warmth, rainwear, etc), first aid, sanitation needs, etc.• Customize: your kit so your individual needs are addressed. Extra pair of glasses, necessary medications, etc.• Emergency contact Information• Portability: backpack, tote bag
Psychological Preparedness• Gain experience responding to smaller emergencies and work up from there.• Personally prepare & Work/discuss with others on response actions.• Practice drills: all-campus & individual reshall. 2 of each, each semester.• Familiarize with the basics of the Emergency Operation Plan (EOP).
Earthquakes• Earthquakes happen everyday in LA, but most are too small to feel • Current quake information for the LA basin can be found at: http://www.data.scec.org/recent/recenteqs/Maps/Los_Angeles.html. • More information can be found at the Southern California Earthquake Center site: http://www.scec.org/. • Each year in October Oxy participates in the Great Shakeout Drill, which is the largest regional disaster drill in the country. Information available at: http://www.shakeout.org/california/
What to expect for large earthquakes• Everything shakes and rattles.• There is a lot of noise.• Things could fall and break.• Motion can be severe and last a few seconds to several minutes.• Utilities may stop working
Earthquakes - Cont.• Windows may break.• Fires may start and be fed by natural gas leaks.• Emergency response agencies will be overwhelmed.• There could be injuries and possibly deaths.
What to do?!• Remain calm• Stay inside or• If outside, avoid standing near buildings and other structures, trees, etc.
Inside a Building• “Drop, Cover, and Hold.” ( A lifesaving action)• Will help you avoid being hit by non- structural items, like ceiling tiles, light fixtures, piping, etc.• Seek shelter under a desk or furniture• When furniture is not nearby, you can quickly get to an architecturally strong part of a room away from glass.
Avoid Seeking Doorways• Doorways are strong areas structurally, but a door can slam uncontrollably during shaking. ** Some people put a deck of cards in their disaster kit to use as splints on broken fingers. Playing a card game can also help provide relief from the stresses associated with living through a big quake.
TOLST• Triangle of Life Survival Technique • Controversial• Please see the following links for a balanced perspective and judge for yourself:• http://www.earthquakecountry.info/drop coverholdon/• http://www2.bpaonline.org/Emergencyprep/arc-on-doug-copp.html
After An Earthquake• Do not panic or run.• Do not light matches, or candles, you could ignite a gas leak.• Avoid usecrash. the system to of phones. To many calls will cause• Stop, Think, Observe... Am I OK? (Yes you are first!). Anyone around me injured? Building damage? Gas leaks or fires?
Evacuate• After a large quake.Smaller quakes – not usually necessary.• Head out the nearest safe exit.• Be alert for aftershocks & follow the lifesaving “Duck, Cover & Hold” action if one occurs.
ASSEMBLY POINT• Establish an assembly point a safe distance from danger and out of the way of emergency response.• Use the emergency preparedness supplies in the red bags.• Set up sign-in sheets & begin accounting for everyone.
Accountability• Use the sign-in sheets, clipboards, pens and pencils in the red preparedness backpacks• Compare with reshall rosters• Account for missing individuals
Move Assembly Point• Multiple initial assembly points are logical for some reshalls due to the many exits & larger building size.• Combine to one, when safe to do so.• Initial location may prove unsafe or not ideal, because it might be in the way of response. Change as necessary.
PRACTICE• Oxy participates in the annual west coast ShakeOut Drill held each October.• Date and more information @: http://www.shakeout.org/california/• Emphasis is on “Duck, Cover & Hold”• Safe evacuation, assembly and accountability.
Prevention tips for fires in reshalls• No candles, incense or open flames.• No halogen lights• Extension cords less than 10ft & not overloaded. Use outlet strips with breaker protection.• No heating elements, toaster ovens, oil popcorn poppers.• No unattended use of kitchen/ovens.• Off campus parties - cigarettes are extinguished. Smoke detectors working.
Things to Avoid• Smoke detectors and sprinkler heads should not be covered• No trash containers or furniture in hallways• No hallway curtains, string lights, hanging decorations, or colored cellophane lights• Never block open fire doors!• Report problems to Facilities
VIDEOS•Follow „Get Out and Stay Alive‟ philosophy in the event of a fire. http://vimeo.com/14071109•When Every Minute Counts: Dorm Fire Safety. http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/b cpid946743418001?bckey=AQ~~,AAAAJw vmNek~,uv3gG8S9SI7PHZ3Cdc7uubV- V_UQpMX4&bctid=1090052650001
Fires @ Oxy since 1990...• Curling iron left on (Pauley 1/16/91)• Candle fire on tabletop (E.Norris 1/16/92)• Haines lounge fire (1/24/92)- cigarette cause• Stewie room fire (12/5/99) – candle cause• Weingart fire (8/25/92) – wax/solvent media• Misc. intentional small reshall fires – Inside: trash cans, bulletin board notices, towels, etc. Outside: trash dumpsters
What to do in case of fire• Activate the nearest fire alarm pull station to alert building occupants.• Remain Calm.• Life safety first: Get people out.• Mobility, Hearing Impaired & deep sleepers – focus on alerting & assisting these occupants in evacuating.• Buddy system – use it!
Evacuation• Evacuate the building out the nearest safe exit.• If in your room when the alarm sounds, put your hand on the door or hardware:• If hot - do not open door! - Place wet towel at base of door to prevent smoke from entering the room. Turn room light on; wait for rescue via window...
Evacuation – cont‟d• If the door is not hot - open it slowly.• Stand behind the door prepared to close it quickly if there is fire or too much smoke to exit.• If not, proceed to the nearest safe exit. Stay low to avoid breathing smoke.• The hallways in most reshalls will look different because the corridor and stairwell fire doors, which are normally held open by magnetic door holders, will release when the alarm sounds allowing these doors to close & latch. This helps limit the travel of smoke & fire. Open them slowly on the way to a safe exit.• Do not use elevators in a fire.
Notification• Newcomb, Erdman, Bell-young, Wylie and RV have monitored fire alarms• Chilcott, E.Norris, Stearns, Braun, Stewie, Pauley, Berkus, SAE are local.• Monitored fire alarm: alerts building occupants & a monitoring company that dials the Fire Department & Campus Safety• Local fire alarm: only alerts building occupants. Occupants have to notify Campus Safety & emergency response.
Notification cont‟d• Call Campus Safety Dial 5 from campus phones. Dial (323) 259-2511 or 2599 from cellphones. Campus Safety will call 911• Or call 911 directly (or 9-911 from campus phones) - With this option you will have a dispatch operator on line who can give advise if there is a medical emergency. You must then notify Campus Safety.
Notification – Cont‟d• Identify who you are?• Where are you calling from? For 911: Occidental College, 1600 Campus Rd. Los Angeles. For Campus Safety: a specific reshall• What is the nature of the emergency?• For 911: Campus Safety will meet the response agency @ Alumni Ave & Campus Road for an escort to the site.
Notification cont‟d• Campus Safety response: One officer will come to the site of the emergency to assist. Second officer will meet emergency response @ Alumni Ave. & Campus Rd. for an escort to the site.
Assembly Point(s)• Use nearest primary assembly point(s) around building – combine them once evacuation is complete.• Move to another location if primary location is not safe.• Plan ahead and consider alternative assembly points for your reshall.• Red Emergency bags should be taken to assembly point or borrowed from another reshall. Share resources!
At assembly point• Building and Floor Monitors - set up using available materials• Accountability – use sign-in sheets in red bag binders. Have a roster.• Information gathering.• Documentation– use message, incident status & response team forms.• Other Needs such as water, first aid, etc. Be resourceful. Share resources.• Decision Making...
DECIDE• D Define problem• E Evaluate likely harm w/o intervention• C Choose response objectives• I Identify action options• D Do the best option• E Evaluate the progress
Decision Making• Making decisions in an emergency can be challenging. Having a system like DECIDE to structure thinking can be helpful.• It is a circular process. Always re- evaluate. Change your action option(s) as necessary to reflect new information.• Keep life safety the highest priority.
Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)• The EOP is a written plan designed to be adaptable to most types of emergencies.• It outlines the response structure & responsibilities.• It follows the Incident Command System & shares the same language as emergency responders.
EOP cont‟d• Operations Group reports to the EOC: Includes on-scene response - Campus Safety, EH&S or others called to the emergency site. Building & Floor Monitors - @ assembly points Emergency Operations Center – Meets @ Campus Safety
EOP cont‟d• Policy Group – VP level decision makers who report to the President or designee. Responsible for funding, academic policy, legal and business recovery decisions associated with an emergency. Meet in AGC or other location
Building & Floor Monitors Duties• Give guidance to occupants Earthquake: “Duck, Cover & Hold” Fire, gas leak, chemical spill, etc.: Evacuate building Chemical spill, wind event, active shooter: Shelter in place
Duties – cont‟d• Establish an assembly point.• Collect information about the emergency from evacuees. Injuries, building damage, other observations.• Account for all residents & visitors – keep an up-to-date roster.• Communicate with Campus Safety or the EOC (depending on the scope of the emergency).• Document using the message, incident status forms.
Duties – cont‟d• Assign people to teams.• Assign teams to tasks: Accountability, fire suppression, communication (messengers), first aid, food & water, sanitation, resources & supplies, clothing/shelter, psychological trauma, etc.• Use the DECIDE method to help with decisions.• Shift people through leadership roles as necessary to avoid fatigue.• Use common sense & share resources.
Resources• Red emergency preparedness bags: contain binders with forms and EOP, basic first aid supplies & vests to ID Building & Floor Monitors.• Become familiar with the contents.
Resources – cont‟d• Water: some in reshalls in 1 gallon containers, Fiji Hill storage shed in 55 gallon with ability to dispense into 2.5 gallon containers (1000 available), underground storage tank @ JSC.• Food: Campus Dining can supply meals based upon availability of utilities & building condition.• Bunker @ Anderson Field: Emergency response team kits, light search & rescue, etc. Campus Safety has access.
What Now?• Digest the information.• Formulate questions.• Attend the training session.• Plan to participate in practice drills.• It is said that “Failing to plan is planning to fail.” So…• Welcome to the road of Disaster Preparedness.