Board of Education vs. Pico

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Board of Education vs. Pico

  1. 1. The Board of Education<br />vs.<br />Pico<br />
  2. 2. Island Trees Union Free School District<br /><ul><li>Nassau County, Long Island – Levittown, Bethpage, and Seaford
  3. 3. 31 miles from New York City
  4. 4. Created in 1902
  5. 5. 2 Elementary Schools, 1 Middle School, 1 High School
  6. 6. Alum: Eddie Money</li></li></ul><li>Cause of the Case<br />1975 – Parents of New York United (PONYU) gave Island Trees School Board a list of <br /> books they consider objectionable.<br /> School Board finds that 9 of the books are in the district’s High School library <br /> and 1 in the Junior High.<br />1976 – Board gave an “unofficial direction” to remove the 10 books.<br /> Board appointed a “Book Review Committee” composed of parents and staff<br /> Book Review Committee recommends:<br /><ul><li>5 return to shelves
  7. 7. 2 removed
  8. 8. Rest need parental permission</li></li></ul><li>Cause of the Case<br />1976 – Island Trees School Board ignores recommendation of Book Review Committee<br /> on the grounds that the books were:<br /> “anti-American, anti-Christian, anti-Semitic, and just plain filthy …”<br />
  9. 9. Steven Pico<br />17 years old<br />Island Trees High School student<br />With several other High School and Junior High students, Pico brought action <br />against the School Board claiming they violated the students First Amendment <br />right to free expression.<br />Pointed out that banning was due purely to the ideologies of School Board members<br />
  10. 10. The Court Case<br />The District Court ruled in favor of the School Board<br />Court of Appeals reversed the decision<br />School Board petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court<br />
  11. 11. The Court Case<br />Supreme Court came to a 5-4 decision in favor of the students.<br />Majority Opinion<br /> Brennan White Marshall Blackmun Stevens<br />Dissenting Opinion<br />Rehnquist O’Connor Burger Powell<br />
  12. 12. Ramifications of Board vs. Pico<br />As centers for voluntary inquiry and the dissemination of information, school libraries <br />hold a special affinity with the rights of free speech and press<br />A School Board cannot restrict the availability of books in a school library because <br />they don’t agree with the ideas in the book.<br /> ”We are therefore in full agreement … that local school boards must be permitted <br />to establish and apply their curriculum in such a way as to transmit community <br /> values…At the same time, however, we have necessarily recognized that the <br /> discretion of the States and local school boards in matters of education must be <br /> exercised in a manner that comports with the transcendent imperatives of the <br /> First Amendment.”<br />-Justice William J. Brennan<br />
  13. 13. Sources<br />http://www.firstamendmentschools.org/resources/handout1a.aspx?id=13965<br />http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0457_0853_ZS.html<br />http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2043<br />Attribution<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/whereisyourmind/3508275007/<br />

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