Pastor,Rydni B.
Dairy products Cow’s milk    Fallacy: any milk other than cow’s milk is desirable.     Goat’s milk is nutritious and is ...
Dairy products Yogurt-is fermented whole milk eveporated to 2/3 of its original volume   Fallacy:yogurt is nutritionally...
Dairy products Milk and cheese   Fallacy: these are constipating   Fact: milk and cheese are easily digested and leave ...
Dairy products Pasteurized milk    Fallacy: it is “dead milk”    Fact: pasteurization does not alter the nutritional va...
Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: Gluten,protein bread and dark bread are less  fattening than white bread Fact: breads...
Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: white bread and white flour are unfit for  human consumption because all of the vitami...
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: eggs with brown shells are more nutritive than  white shell eggs Fact: the color of the sh...
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy:the characteristics of the type of meat are  transmitted by consumption Fact: this is not t...
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: meat that is raw or cooked rare is more  nourishing than well-done meat Fact: proteins are...
Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: fish is brain food Fact: The brain contains phosphorus and fish is a rich  source of this ...
Vegetables Fallacy: drink your vegetables Fact: vegetable juice make excellent contribution to the diet but do not conta...
Vegetables Fallacy:    Tomatoes clear the brain    Onions will cure the cold    Lettuce is soothing to the nerves Fac...
Sugars Fallacy: blackstrap molasses cures practically every  affliction,from restoring color to gray hair to restoring  y...
Condiments Fallacy:spices and condiments have the power to  prevent disease Fact: the belief that diseases originated in...
Condiments Fallacy:spicy foods have the reputation for being  cooling and for that reason are eaten in tropical  countrie...
Water Fallacy: drinking water with meals dilute the gastric  juice and interfere with digestion Fact:water stimulates th...
Water Fallacy: large amounts of water are said to thin the  blood Fact: there is no evidence for this
Water Fallacy: drinking water will increase weight Fact: water drunk in excess of body needs to be eliminated
Lecithin Fallacy: Lecithin removes fat deposits Fact: There is no good evidence to indicate that lecithin lowers serum c...
Megavitamin Therapy Use of megadoses of vitamins for improvement of  health is based on the concept that if a little is  ...
Megavitamin Therapy Only two groups of disorders are corrected or alleviated by large doses of specific vitamins:   Mala...
Megavitamin Therapy Justifications for megadoses of vitamins:    Providing optimal health    Individual variability   e...
Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin C   There is no evidence that Vitamin C can kill cold-    carrying virus.There ...
Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin E   Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant   vitamin E excess can induce the develop...
Vegetarianism
 Vegetarian    a person whose diet is composed predominantly of plant     food    Abstains from the consumption of meat...
 Different types of vegetarians include:     Pure vegetarian (vegan)- consumes only plant foods     Lactovegetarian-eat...
Risks of a Vegetarian Diet Caloric needs are difficult to meet (particularly in    children)because the diet is high in b...
Benefits from a Vegetarian Diet Less likelihood of atonic constipation Lower incidence of artherosclerosis Reduced bloo...
 Health risks can be a voided when dietary planning is based on:   Milk group   Protein group   Fruit and vegetable gr...
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Ch15p2

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chapter 15 part 2

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Ch15p2

  1. 1. Pastor,Rydni B.
  2. 2. Dairy products Cow’s milk  Fallacy: any milk other than cow’s milk is desirable. Goat’s milk is nutritious and is recommended  Fact: goats are not susceptible to tuberculosis. Pasteurization makes the cow’s milk safe by killing the tuberculosis germ.
  3. 3. Dairy products Yogurt-is fermented whole milk eveporated to 2/3 of its original volume  Fallacy:yogurt is nutritionally superior to milk  Fact: yogurt has the same nutritive value as whole milk. It provides a source of milk in other forms
  4. 4. Dairy products Milk and cheese  Fallacy: these are constipating  Fact: milk and cheese are easily digested and leave a little residue. (constipation may occur when the diet lacks food that contain bulk)
  5. 5. Dairy products Pasteurized milk  Fallacy: it is “dead milk”  Fact: pasteurization does not alter the nutritional value of milk except to reduce the Vitamin C content slightly.(milk is a poor source of Vitamin C)  Pasteurization destroys bacteria that can cause undulant fever and tuberculosis
  6. 6. Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: Gluten,protein bread and dark bread are less fattening than white bread Fact: breads vary little in caloric ocntent. Thus one bread is not superior to another in the standpoint of weight loss
  7. 7. Bread and Cereal Products Fallacy: white bread and white flour are unfit for human consumption because all of the vitamins and minerals have been removed and the bleaching process is poisonous Fact: almost all commercial white breads and white flours are restored and enriched (according to law) with niacin, iron, thiamine and riboflavin.  Chlorine Dioxide is a harmless compound that is used to bleach flour.
  8. 8. Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: eggs with brown shells are more nutritive than white shell eggs Fact: the color of the shell is determined by the breed of the hen and it does not indicate the nutritive value of the egg
  9. 9. Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy:the characteristics of the type of meat are transmitted by consumption Fact: this is not true
  10. 10. Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: meat that is raw or cooked rare is more nourishing than well-done meat Fact: proteins are not damaged by cooking.  Cooking protects the individual from bacterial infections and disease e.g. trichinosis
  11. 11. Meat, Fish, and Eggs Fallacy: fish is brain food Fact: The brain contains phosphorus and fish is a rich source of this mineral.  The reasoning is invalid.
  12. 12. Vegetables Fallacy: drink your vegetables Fact: vegetable juice make excellent contribution to the diet but do not contain the bulk necessary to the diet
  13. 13. Vegetables Fallacy:  Tomatoes clear the brain  Onions will cure the cold  Lettuce is soothing to the nerves Fact: there is no scientific evidence to substantiate his claims
  14. 14. Sugars Fallacy: blackstrap molasses cures practically every affliction,from restoring color to gray hair to restoring youth Fact: it contains small amounts of calcium(from the limewater used in processing), iron(comes from the contact with the factory machinery) and B complex vitamins
  15. 15. Condiments Fallacy:spices and condiments have the power to prevent disease Fact: the belief that diseases originated in foul- smelling air may have led to the conclusion that pungent smell can ward of disease
  16. 16. Condiments Fallacy:spicy foods have the reputation for being cooling and for that reason are eaten in tropical countries Fact: hot weather and a natural increase in water intake cause appetites to lag. Spices tend to stimulate a desire for food.
  17. 17. Water Fallacy: drinking water with meals dilute the gastric juice and interfere with digestion Fact:water stimulates the flow of digestive juice
  18. 18. Water Fallacy: large amounts of water are said to thin the blood Fact: there is no evidence for this
  19. 19. Water Fallacy: drinking water will increase weight Fact: water drunk in excess of body needs to be eliminated
  20. 20. Lecithin Fallacy: Lecithin removes fat deposits Fact: There is no good evidence to indicate that lecithin lowers serum cholesterol levels or that it has a role in the treatment of coronary heart disease
  21. 21. Megavitamin Therapy Use of megadoses of vitamins for improvement of health is based on the concept that if a little is good,more must be better(which is not true) Use of megadoses of vitamins for conditions other than acute vitamin deficiency is not scientifically sound Excessive doses of vitamins may have pharmaceutical or toxic effect or both
  22. 22. Megavitamin Therapy Only two groups of disorders are corrected or alleviated by large doses of specific vitamins:  Malabsorption syndrome  Some inborn errors of metabolism
  23. 23. Megavitamin Therapy Justifications for megadoses of vitamins:  Providing optimal health  Individual variability e.g.pregnant women *large doses of Vitamins A and D,which can be stored are actually toxic when they accumulate
  24. 24. Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin C  There is no evidence that Vitamin C can kill cold- carrying virus.There is some preliminary evidence that Vitamin C may have antihistamic effects(some people will have reduced symptoms if they take vitamin C)  Can cause:  acidic urine with accompanying burning sensations on urination  Inaccurate glucose tests in diabetes  Can cause kidney problems(overproduction of oxalate can result in formation of oxalate stones) *RDD=60 mg for an adult
  25. 25. Megavitamin Therapy Megadoses of Vitamin E  Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant  vitamin E excess can induce the development of ‘flu-like’ symptoms and may be toxic to some extent  Can cause an Interference with vitamin K activity(prolongation of coagulation time)
  26. 26. Vegetarianism
  27. 27.  Vegetarian  a person whose diet is composed predominantly of plant food  Abstains from the consumption of meat, fowl or fish but may eat eggs and dairy products
  28. 28.  Different types of vegetarians include:  Pure vegetarian (vegan)- consumes only plant foods  Lactovegetarian-eats dairy products as well as plant foods  Fruitarian-whose diet consists chiefly of fruits Motives:  Health concerns  Religious or philosophical belifs  both
  29. 29. Risks of a Vegetarian Diet Caloric needs are difficult to meet (particularly in children)because the diet is high in bulk. Diminished caloric intake would require increased bodily use of protein (which may not be abundant in the diet) as an energy source There may be low calcium,vitamin D and riboflavin intake especially for children.(a lactovegetarian diet is safe for children) Zinc and vitamin B12 deficiency may develop because the best sources of both are animal products May cause iron deficiency to infants, children, and pregnant women (those who have a great need for iron)
  30. 30. Benefits from a Vegetarian Diet Less likelihood of atonic constipation Lower incidence of artherosclerosis Reduced blood pressure Lower death rates from cancers of breast, intestines, lungs, and mouth Low blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides
  31. 31.  Health risks can be a voided when dietary planning is based on:  Milk group  Protein group  Fruit and vegetable group  Bread and cereal group *If more calories are necessary,the fifth group may be used prudently with the approal of your physician  Fats,sugars and alcohol

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