Uploaded on


More in: Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Building Sense of Community in Online Learning Environments Michiko Kobayashi, Ph.D.
  • 2. Issues in online courses- A higher attrition rate.- Students’ feelings of isolation.- “Coldness” of mediated instruction.- Unable to create affective relationships with students.
  • 3. Adding a human touch in online coursescan solve those issues.
  • 4. How can we promotesense of community in online learning? Trust Social Support Learner-centered Shared Interaction Sense of Community responsibility Attitudes towards technology Equal status Emotional closeness
  • 5. Know your students - Have a face-to-face first session if possible. - Obtain information about your students at the beginning of the course. e.g. Professional goals, Interests, Technology skills, Prior distance learning experiences
  • 6. Promote Emotional Closeness - Post your self-introduction in the first week of the course. *Audio and video messages if possible. - Include your photo in the course web site. - Include a student’s first name in your email response. - Always encourage them to ask questions.
  • 7. - Use formal and informal writing styles depending on the situation. * Informal writing style conveys friendliness.- Recognize students who demonstrate outstanding performance. * Post the student’s work after obtaining his/her permission.
  • 8. - Find a way to express your feelings and emotions in email. *Emoticons (icons that express emotions) can compensate for lack of visual cues. e.g. :-) ----> smile :-( ----> sad, disappointed :-o ----> surprised
  • 9. Facilitate interaction and collaboration - Have students introduce themselves to each other. * This can be incorporated into a small group activity at the beginning of semester. - Provide a variety of group activities. * Accommodate individual differences ** A small group is easier to develop a personal relationship.
  • 10. - Clearly state goals for the activity and provide specific grading criteria. * Participation in online discussion should be a graded component of the course.- Ensure equal opportunities for participation by all students * The number of chat group members should be no more than three.
  • 11. - Allow students to select a discussion topic if possible. * Give pre-set topics and ask them to choose one.- In collaborative activities, emphasize group goals to increase a group cohesiveness.- Provide online communication space for students’ social communication * It should be separate from the one used for class assignments.
  • 12. Be a model for students to implementeffective online communication - Respond to students’ emails promptly. - Provide timely responses to posted messages. * But, the instructor’s intervention (comments) should be minimum during student discussion. - Teach students etiquette in online communication. * Create online communication rules in your course.
  • 13. - Be a moderator of online discussion. - Initiate communication - Invite participation - Recognize all contributions in discussion - Restate what others have said and summarize ideas- After you demonstrate a moderator’s role, select a student moderator and rotate the role.
  • 14. Minimize student frustration inusing technology - Use only technology that helps student learning. - Make sure that text, audio, and video files for the class can be downloaded “easily.” - Provide technical support promptly. Always have alternatives.
  • 15. SummaryStudents’ success in online learningdepends on the instructor’s skills todevelop an online community.
  • 16. Thank you!