Decentralised Open Data  for World Citizens
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Decentralised Open Data for World Citizens

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These are the slides of a presentation given at http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod . Our current mindset when thinking about "Open Data" excludes the majority of World population from using it. This ...

These are the slides of a presentation given at http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod . Our current mindset when thinking about "Open Data" excludes the majority of World population from using it. This presentation highlight some of the work being done to change this.

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Decentralised Open Data  for World Citizens Decentralised Open Data for World Citizens Presentation Transcript

  • Decentralised Open Data for World Citizens Christophe Guéret, Victor de Boer, Anna Bon & many more Using Open Data policy modelling, citizen empowerment, data journalism 19 - 20 June 2012PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 1/19
  • The common facets of Open DataPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 2/19 http://www.flickr.com/photos/swamibu/2928083712
  • Open Data portals Single entry point to all data and applications English + country official language(s) Text oriented Serve static dataPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 3/19
  • Open Data users They have a smartphone or at least a Web browser They are young and geeky They can read and type Some of them will code applications for the othersPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 4/19
  • Open Data producer hardware Data centers that can host terabytes of data 99.9% uptime High speed reliable http://www.flickr.com/photos/argonne/3323018571 Internet connectionPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 5/19
  • Who are we talking about exactly? Data consumers that: (Computer) literate Early adopters of new technologies Data producers that: Have access to publication platforms Have a significant amount of data to publish Are trusted as data providers A tiny fraction of the 7 billion World CitizenPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 6/19
  • Data sharing need and issues Example needs Market prices Innovative agricultural techniques Information about stock of crops Issues Distances between rural communities in Sahel Limited infrastructure: no electricity, no computer, no Internet (but radio and mobile phones) Lack of relevant content, literacy and education, different languagesPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 7/19
  • A simple question... How can everyone benefit from Open Data ? Part of the solution: Voice interfaces DownScaled infrastructuresPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 8/19
  • Voice interfaces What ? Replace textual interfaces by speech Why ? Everyone can speak and listen Good mobile penetration in sub-Saharan Africa How ? Use and develop TTS and ASR technologies Deal with several local languagesPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 9/19
  • DownScaling infrastructures What ? Use a swarm of micro-servers instead of a central one Why ? Micro-servers are less costly Redundancy in the swarm improves robustness Decentralise => get closer to data consumers/producers How ? Use low-end hardware Adapt data technologies (in particular, Linked Data)PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 10/19
  • Our target hardware, portal and users ‘Allo, Linked Data?PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 11/19
  • Some of the ongoing projectsPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens Photo (c) Bruno van Moerkerken 12/19
  • RadioMarché: sharing market pricesPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 13/19
  • RadioMarché : voice interface Farmers call to indicate their prices Messages are generated in different languages Buyers call and listen to the messages Rely on community radioPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 14/19
  • Foroba Blon: timely data sharing It rained a lot today! I wonder when it will rain...PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 15/19
  • Foroba Blon: citizen journalists Users call the service and leave their message Community radios collect and curate the citizen- reported content Messages are diffused on the radio and are accessible via mobile phones and on the Web Less latency between producers and consumersPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 16/19
  • SemanticXO: sharing data at 6 to 12PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 17/19
  • SemanticXO: data sharing stack for the XO Every XO is a data External Sugar applications activities publisher and consumer Structured HTTP Server data store API Does not rely on any central host Triple Web of Data store + Uses lightweight data files relays when neededPMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 18/19
  • Take home message Widening the access to Open Data implies Developing voice-based interfaces DownScaling infrastructures For more information: http://worldwidesemanticweb.wordpress.com/ http://semweb4u.wordpress.com/ http://w4ra.few.vu.nl/ http://mvoices.eu/PMOD - June 2012 Open Data for World Citizens 19/19