Natural resources are raw materials produced by nature.Human resources are the people who contribute physical and mental energy to the production process.
Capital resources are the tools, equipment, and buildings that are used to produce goods and services.
The basic economic problem exists due to limited resources for satisfying unlimited needs and wants. Scarcity is not having enough resources to satisfy the unlimited needs and wants.The scarcity of resources for satisfying needs and wants influences choices.
Economic decision-making is a means of choosing a course of action among several alternatives.
An economic system is a nation’s plan for answering the three economic questions.
Capitalism allows the freedom of consumption and production of goods and services.The economic system of the United States is based on capitalism.
ESSENTIAL STANDARD 1.00Understand the role of business in the global economy. 1
EQ How do businesses satisfy needs and wants? What are the 6 steps necessary for making choices? What is the relationship between who answers economic questions and the type of economic systems that exists in a country? What are the self-regulating principles of a market economy? 3
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSWhat are needs? Required in order to liveWhat are wants? Things that add comfort and pleasure in your life. 5
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUEDWhat are goods? things that you can see and touchWhat are services? activities that are consumed at the same time they are produced.The United States economy is the largest producer of goods and services in the world. 6
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUED How do businesses use economic resources to produce goods and services? Economic Resources: also called factors of production, are the means through which goods and services are produced The types of economic resources are: Natural Human Capital 7
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUED What are natural What are human resources? resources? Raw materials produced by The people who contribute nature. physical and mental energy to the production process. Many natural resources are nonrenewable. 8
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUED What are capital resources? tools, equipment, and buildings that are used to produce goods and services . 9
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUEDWhat is the basic economic problem? The basic economic problem exists due to limited resources for satisfying unlimited needs and wants.What is scarcity? not having enough resources to satisfy the unlimited needs and wants. The scarcity of resources for satisfying needs and wants influences choices. 10
SATISFYING NEEDS AND WANTSCONTINUED What is the purpose of economic decision-making? the process of choosing which wants, among several options, will be satisfied. What happens to choices in a tradeoff? the process of giving up something for gaining something else. What is opportunity cost ? the value of the next-best alternative that you did not choose. 11
NEEDS AND WANTS VIDEO http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=14871 (3:39) 12
ECONOMIC DECISION-MAKING What is economic decision-making? means of choosing a course of action among several alternatives. What are the 6 steps of economic decision -making? 1. Defining the problem 2. Identifying choices 3. Evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of each choice 4. Choosing one choice 5. Acting on the choice 6. Reviewing the decision 14
ECONOMIC DECISION-MAKINGCONTINUED Try to solve a problemProblem: Adjust the foundation of a houseChoices: Ignore the problem Contact companies located in the same city Contact companies located in the next city Contact companies located in other citiesWhat choice would you make? 15
ECONOMIC DECISION-MAKINGCONTINUEDSome advantages: location of local companies, companies that guarantee of services, and companies that provides simple explanation of necessary servicesSome disadvantages: prices for services and location of company in next city or other cities 16
ECONOMIC DECISION-MAKINGCONTINUEDChoosing one choice: A local company that guarantees services and provides simple explanation of services.Acting on choice: Schedule for local company to provide services of adjusting foundation of house.Reviewing decision: Routinely check on condition of foundation of house. 17
ECONOMIC SYSTEMSWhat are the three economic questions that all economies must answer? • What to produce? • How to produce? • For whom to produce? 19
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS What is an economic system? a nation’s plan for answering the three economic questions. The main types of economic systems are: Command or Communist Market Traditional Mixed 20
ECONOMIC SYSTEMSWho owns the resources in the main types of economic systems? Command Centered on family Market Government Traditional The peopleWho answers the economic questions? 21
UNITED STATES ECONOMIC SYSTEM • What is capitalism? •the freedom of consumption and production of goods and services. • What type of economic system does the United States have? 23
UNITED STATES ECONOMICSYSTEM CONTINUEDThe four principles of U.S. economic system are: Private property can own, use, or dispose of things of value. Freedom of choice can make decisions independently and must accept consequences of those decisions. Profit money left from sales after all of the costs of operating a business have been paid. Competition the rivalry among businesses to sell their goods and services. 24
MARKET ECONOMY What is the role of consumers in a market economy? A consumer buys and uses goods and services. Consumers decide what to buy, where to buy, from whom to buy, and what price they are willing to pay. A consumer includes individuals, businesses, and government. 25
MARKET ECONOMY CONTINUEDWhat is the role of producers in a market economy? Producers are individuals and organizations that determine what products and services will be available for sale. Producers determine what products and services will be available, what needs and wants they will satisfy, and the prices they want to receive. 26
MARKET ECONOMY CONTINUEDThe market economy is based on the principles ofsupply and demand . What is demand? the quantity of goods or services that consumers are willing and able to buy. Examples: High demand for a new gaming console or electronic item causes the price to rise. Last year’s fashions go “out of style” and drop in price occurred. What are some examples of consumer demand? 27
MARKET ECONOMY CONTINUED What is supply? refers to the quantity of goods or services that businesses are willing and able to provide. Supply Examples: Many companies are creating an mp3 player, therefore the price drops. Only a few companies started selling tablets, such as the iPad, so the price was high when they were introduced to the public. What are some examples of how producers establish supply? Producers establish the quantity of goods or services that will be produced to meet the demands of consumers. 28
SUPPLY AND DEMAND GRAPHS Intro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western 29
SUPPLY AND DEMAND GRAPHS Intro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western 30
SUPPLY AND DEMAND GRAPHSMarket (equilibrium) price is the point where supply and demandare equal. Intro to Business, 6e, Thomson South-Western 31