eLearning: Expanding Access:How Digital, Networked Technologies and SharingChanges Education Cable Green eLearning Director
Let’s talk about the big trends & how to prepare for inevitable change&how the Workforce Community can think in new ways to prepare graduates for a digital, networked world…
“We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” Yochai Benkler http://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/
Yes… We Really are Networked… seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge digitization of content mobile, personal global platform for collaboration outsourcing Anyone notice our global economy?
"According to an IBM study, by 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."
And we can make all of our “digital stuff” available to all people… and most of it will get used... by someone.
“Long Tail” of Publishing $ long tail HarryPotter Hyper-geometricpartial differentialequations
We All Get to Participate http://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart
In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule. And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas.
And they want services like this: Backup
So how do we prepare students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI
Social Bookmarking http://delicious.com/geoffcain/oer
Share Photos http://www.flickr.com
Share Slides (and use others’) http://www.slideshare.net
Online Meetings, Conferences… Elluminate
1,500+ faculty & staff accounts
11,300+ rooms created
2,250+ meetings have taken place
unlimited license, hosting, training
24/7 help desk
unlimited license, hosting, training
Useful or Stupid? http://www.edtechpost.ca/wordpress/2009/08/14/findoerafrica/
(2) eLearning Why call it “eLearning?”
“Distance” is about geographic separation. “eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces. Online, Hybrid, Enhanced “eLearning”
Going to Web and Mobile
Ongoing Online Learning Growth Over 96,600 students learn online each year Online FTE up more than 22% Hybrid FTE up more than 45% 11 percent (and growing) of community and technical college courses are fully online 35
Ongoing Online Learning Growth 45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid 23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online 16 colleges offer an AA degree online 36
Why does this growth matter?
Educate More Citizens
HECB Master Plan
I. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity
Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates produced annually to achieve Global Challenge State benchmarks.
By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.
Why is “Open” Important? Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially. Faculty have new choice when building learning spaces. …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution. Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks Self-interest – good things happen when I share It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge.
Definition of OER Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.
(a few) Open Content Repositories OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO OCW – MIT (MIT HS) China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese. Rice Connexions
Lenses @ Rice Connexions social software for peer review & quality control California Community Colleges Ohio Community Colleges Washington Community Colleges
and there is this small collection of articles:
The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/
The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free” http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? 2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies… http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores. Products available in college stores are sold with a margin, as in any retail operation. Margin is the difference between cost and retail price, reflecting work required to bring products to market. http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp
Why so urgent? Consider One High Enrollment Course: English Composition I 37,226 enrollments / year X $100 textbook = $3.7 Million + (cost to students) What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses? http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg
Impact on Students? Work longer hours Additional debt Credit card debt Not purchase textbooks
Math in Society (Open Textbook) David Lipmann, Professor @ Pierce College 3,972 annual enrollments Textbooks savings to RTC students? List of open and free textbooksthat may be suitable for use in community college courses
Hey Higher Ed! We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content move to: "proudly borrowed from there" Content is not a strategic advantage Nor can we (or our students) afford it
“As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.” In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it. Future of Openness in Education David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
What Happens if weDon’t Change? Harder to catch-up … Or even understand. Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source, Open Content, Open Textbooks… Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time
65 How is the fiscal health of your local newspaper?
http://techplan.sbctc.edu 66 “We will cultivate the culture and practice of using and contributing to open educational resources.”
System Strategic Technology Plan Access for all students and all colleges Single, centrally funded solutions for common systems Rule of 1: do it once Rule of 0: don’t do it Don’t build software, don’t host servers Retain local branding and admin control All instructional technologies are architected to make it easy to share content. 67
But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education. It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. It requires replacing our “not invented here” attitude with a “proudly borrowed from there” orientation. (p.11) 68
WA Legislation SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content. (v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects… 69
Student Advocacy WA CTC 2009 Student Voice Academy (1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS “The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students. Textbooks available in a printable, online format as well as in a traditional format would make curriculum easily accessible to students and instructors. Legislation that requires college instructional divisions to enhance available college online options for every required textbook whenever possible is requested.” 70
Redesigning 81 Common Courses Foundation + Legislature + SBCTC + Colleges Increase number of gatekeeper course sections available so students can get courses when they need them Improve course completion rates Courses are digital – can be taught online, hybrid, web-enhanced and/or faculty can re-mix Open CC Licensing – share with the world Free or very low cost textbooks / course packs sections in 81 courses = $42M+ / year in textbook costs Develop a culture of sharing content in the WA CTCs 71
Partnering with Consortia & ??? CCC OER List of open and free textbooks that may be suitable for use in community college courses WA CTCs redesign 80 courses Conversation with FL, CA, TX, CT, OH… 72
Federal Movement on Open? Obama’s American Graduation Initiative $50M / year for the creation of open courseware Senator Dick Durbin (IL) $15M / year: Open Textbooks Undersecretary of Education Martha Kanter @ Seattle District OER leader when Chancellor @ Foothill-De Anza Community College District Federal Research Access Act of 2009 increasing public access to academic research that is funded by the federal government (free after 6 mos) 73
Important Messages are: This is not about mandated curriculum. All stakeholders need to be in the discussion. Open resources provide more choice for faculty and lower costs (& increased access) for students. 74
NEW HE Models are En Route
Choices: (1) Open up and leverage global input OR (2) close up shop
Think Big Crazy Ideas…. We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources with the world… and, more important, use global digital materials. We could use common teaching & learning, student services, and administrative technologies and support services. We could design courses that enable and encourage students to contribute, change, remix course content.
Blogs: http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Twitter: cgreenSlides @ http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director firstname.lastname@example.org (360) 704-4334