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“We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” Yochai Benkler http://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/
Yes… We Really are Networked… seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge digitization of content mobile, personal global platform for collaboration outsourcing Anyone notice our global economy?
How do we Deal with This? We are preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI
“Welcome back to humanity. Some technologies take us away from ourselves and others bring us back. Web 2.0 is helping us rediscover our naturally cooperative, creative, and gregarious nature. Don't think, therefore, of Web 2.0 as something foreign or hyped-up or all about geeks; Web 2.0 is the rebirth of teaching and learning that fits what we are as a species.” Why is Web 2.0 Important to Higher Education?
“Distance” is about geographic separation. “eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces. Online, Hybrid, Enhanced “eLearning”
Ongoing Online Learning Growth Over 83,000 students learn online each year eLearning enrollments up more than 41% (Winter 08 – Winter 09) 11 percent of community and technical college courses are fully online 41
Ongoing Online Learning Growth 45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid 23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online 16 colleges offer an AA degree online Community and Technical Colleges teach over 80+% of all online [state supported] FTE in WA 42
Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially. Reedʼs Law: Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes. It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge. Why is “Open” Important? Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation
Definition of OER Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.
The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/
The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free” http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/
(a few) Open Content Repositories OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO OCW – MIT (MIT HS) China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese. Rice Connexions
Lenses @ Rice Connexions social software for peer review & quality control California Community Colleges Ohio Community Colleges Washington Community Colleges
and there is this small collection of articles:
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? 2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies… http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf
Why so urgent? Consider One High Enrollment Course: English Composition I 37,226 enrollments / year X $100 textbook = $3.7 Million + (cost to students) What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses? http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg
Impact on Students? Work longer hours Additional debt Credit card debt Not purchase textbooks
Math in Society (Open Textbook) David Lipmann, Professor @ Pierce College 3,972 annual enrollments Textbooks savings to WWCC students? List of open and free textbooksthat may be suitable for use in community college courses
Redesigning 81 System Courses High enrollment, gatekeeper and pre-college courses Not mandated curriculum (choice) Faculty centered – faculty will redesign courses Low cost instructional materials Improve course completion rates Digital (remix, take chunks, online) Lower textbook, time, and travel costs for students use open educational resources, library resources and other high quality, low cost instruction materials that will reduce textbook costs for students. Open CC Licenses (culture of sharing)
Hey Higher Ed! We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content move to: "proudly borrowed from there" Content is not a strategic advantage Nor can we (or our students) afford it
“As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.” In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it. Future of Openness in Education David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
What Happens if weDon’t Change? Harder to catch-up … Or even understand. Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source, Open Content, Open Textbooks… Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time
67 How is the fiscal health of your local newspaper?
System Strategic Technology Plan Access for all students and all colleges Single, centrally funded solutions for common systems Rule of 1: do it once Rule of 0: don’t do it Don’t build software, don’t host servers Retain local branding and admin control All instructional technologies are architected to make it easy to share content. 69
Choices: (1) Open up and leverage global input OR (2) close up shop
Think Big Crazy Ideas…. We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources with the world… and, more important, use global digital materials. We could use common teaching & learning, student services, and administrative technologies and support services. We could design courses that enable and encourage students to contribute, change, remix course content.
Parting Thought… Is the network to the point where we can challenge traditional models of pedagogy, publishing, student services, and our existing administrative business processes? If so, what would you change in your department? How would you use digital technologies to help students learn and accomplish their dreams?
Want to talk more aboutthis stuff and/orOpen Educational Resources? …come join us this afternoon!
Blogs: http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Slides @ http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director firstname.lastname@example.org (360) 704-4334