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Univ of KY (Dec 2010)

Univ of KY (Dec 2010)






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    Univ of KY (Dec 2010) Univ of KY (Dec 2010) Presentation Transcript

    • Developing a Culture of Sharing and Receiving: Open Educational ResourcesDr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning &Open EducationSBCTC
    • We have…
    • a problem...
    • Text
      Global Trends
    • Text
      Global Trends
    • Text
      Global Trends
    • Text
      Global Trends
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      Global Trends
    • Global Trends
    • DOE: Definition of OER
      Open educational resources (OER) means teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposingby others.
    • Why is “Open” Important?
      When we cooperate and share, we all win
      Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces.
      …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.
      Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks
      Self-interest: good things happen when I share
      It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
    • (a few) Open Content Repositories
      OpenLearn (UK)
      OCW – MIT (MIT HS)
      China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.
      Rice Connexions
    • Open Education
      Open Education Goal: increase access and completion by providing high quality, affordable, openly licensed educational resources.
    • http://techplan.sbctc.edu
      “We will cultivate the culture and
      practice of using and contributing to
      open educational resources.”
    • But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education.It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)
    • Open Course Library
      designing and sharing 81 high enrollment, gatekeeper courses
      for face-to-face, hybrid and/or online delivery
      to improve course completion rates
      lower textbook costs for students (<$30)
      provide new resources for faculty to use in their courses
      for our college system to fully engage the global open educational resources discussion.
      Open Education
    • 81 courses = 411,133 enrollments / year
      411,133 enrollments x $100 textbook = $41M+ in textbook costs / student debt per year
      Limit on textbook costs in redesigned courses is $30. 
      If courses are adopted by 25% of the sections in the system (faculty decision), the savings to students will be $7.2M per year.
      Savings increase with increased adoptions and/or when courses use free, open textbooks.
      Open Education
    • All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License.
      New State Board “Open” Policy
    • What about Textbooks?
    • The high cost of textbooks has reducedKentucky citizens’ access to higher education.Full-time students spend approximately $1,000 on textbooks every year.
      College Board Report: Trends in College Pricing (2007)
    • …the current Higher Education textbook market is estimated at $8.2 billion, and is expected to reach in excess of $9 billion by 2014.
      Total market size based on Eduventures Textbook Market Study
      and the National Association of College Stores, 2009.
    • Global Trends
      Total market size based on Eduventures Textbook Market Study
      and the National Association of College Stores, 2009.
    • English Composition I
      47,000+ enrollments / year
      x $100 textbook
      = $4.7+ Million every year
    • The Old Economics
      Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student
    • The New Economics
      Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously
      Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”
    • Why do we Need Open Textbooks?
      2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades
    • Why do we Need Open Textbooks?
      The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies…
    • Why do we Need Open Textbooks?
      The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores.
    • May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
    • Why do we Need Open Textbooks?
    • Comparison of Statistics Textbooks
    • OER Grants?
    • The US DOE and DOL will provide $2 Billion (over 4 years) for open educational training and education programs at community colleges.
      $2.5M+ per grant
      Open Education
    • The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently launched the “Next Gen Learning Challenges” grant:http://www.nextgenlearning.com
      Open Education
    • Hey Higher Education!
      We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content
      move to: "proudly borrowed from there"
      Content is not a strategic advantage
      Nor can we (or our students) afford it
    • What Happens if we Don’t Change?
      Harder to catch-up …
      Or even understand.
      Google, Amazon, Open Source,
      Open Content, Open Textbooks…
      Functional Possibilities
      Higher Education
    • NEW HE Models are En Route
    • So what’s next?
      What are the kinds of decisions that will lead you to optimal use of technologies, content and talent to support student achievement for all Kentuckians?
    • What would happen to the quality of curriculum if all system digital content was shared and course (re)design was data driven?
      How can you use technologies and shared content to significantly increase completion rates?
    • Pilot Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative courses… (article)
      Cost to Colleges / Students = $0
    • Questions
      OLI Research Results:
      OLI students completed course in half the time with half the number of in-person meetings
      Accelerated learning study (Statistics): 33% more content, learning gain in standardized test 13% OLI vs 2% in traditional face-to-face class.
      OLI Online vs. traditional. OLI 99% completion rate vs 41% completion rate traditional.
      Lovett, M., Meyer, O., & Thille, C. (2008).  The Open Learning Initiative: Measuring the effectiveness
      of the OLI statistics course in accelerating student learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education.
    • If you had free, openly licensed textbooks, how much money would you save students and state financial aid?
      see California Governor's moves in free, open K-12 textbooks
    • What if all state funded educational content was open access? 
      What kind of efficiencies could KY higher education yield?
      Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials.
      NIH & DOE are leading the federal government to do just that.
    • What do you think?
    • Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning & Open EducationSBCTC360-704-4334cgreen@sbctc.edutwitter: cgreenblog.oer.sbctc.edu