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Open Textbooks - A Step Toward Affordability
 

Open Textbooks - A Step Toward Affordability

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    Open Textbooks - A Step Toward Affordability Open Textbooks - A Step Toward Affordability Presentation Transcript

    • Open Textbooks
      • A Step Toward Affordability
      Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs [email_address] May 12, 2010
    • The Problem
    • The Problem
      • Students spend
      • $900
      • per year
    • The Problem
      • Prices rising
      • 4x
      • inflation
    • The Problem High Prices $238.95 only
    • The Problem new 6 th $213.95 New Editions used 5th edition $81.78
    • The Problem Costly Bundles $213.95 with CengageNOW, Personal Tutor with SMARTHINKING, InfoTrac 2-Semester Printed Access Card Biology, 8e
    • The Problem
      • Part 1:
          • Flawed market structure gives publishers too much power
      Producer Consumer
    • The Problem
      • Part 1:
          • Flawed market structure gives publishers too much power
      Publisher Student Professor
    • The Problem
      • Part 2:
          • Self-destructive business model drives publisher market abuses
      Students Bookstore Publisher Textbooks are bought and sold several times, but the publisher only profits on the first sale used books
    • The Problem
      • We need a solution that will:
              • Make the market more student-centric, without undermining faculty
              • Rework publishing models to be more efficient and sustainable
    • Open Textbooks
    • Open Textbooks
      • Like regular textbooks:
        • Table of contents, chapters, index
        • Written by expert author
        • Edited and reviewed
    • Open Textbooks
      • Beyond regular textbooks:
        • Accessible free online by the public
        • Downloadable, typically as a PDF
        • Available in print
    • Open Textbooks  Open?
    • Open Textbooks Open?
        • “ Open” = Open License
    • Open Textbooks Open?
        • Some Rights Reserved
        • ©
    • Open Textbooks
        • For most open textbooks…
      • Rights you get:
      • Access at no cost
      • Make copies
      • Distribute copies
      • Customize copies
      • … forever
      • Rights you don’t:
      • Attribution
      • And sometimes…
      • Commercial use
      • Customize & re-license
    • Open Textbooks
      • Benefits for faculty:
        • All students have access
        • New editions are optional
        • Ability to customize
      say new editions are justified half the time or less. 76% of faculty
    • Open Textbooks
      • Benefits for students:
        • Online access is free
        • Other formats are fairly priced (PDF, print, etc.)
        • Flexibility to use their preferred format
      Students show a strong preference for print as their primary format. 75% Print 25% Digital
    • Open Textbooks
      • Benefits for publishers:
            • Digital and print-on-demand distribution is more efficient
            • Circumvents two major challenges - the used book death spiral and piracy
    • Open Textbook Models
    • Open Textbook Models
      • 1. Individual authors
        • Personal motivations
        • Sabbatical time/grant funding
        • Count open textbooks toward tenure?
      A First Course in Linear Algebra By Robert A. Beezer http://linear.ups.edu PDF: FREE Online: FREE Print: $27.95
    • Open Textbook Models
      • 2. Institutions
        • A consortium of 80+ community colleges is pooling resources to write and review texts
        • Rice University founded CNX.org, a platform that hosts open textbooks
      Collaborative Statistics By B. Illowsky & S. Dean cnx.org/content/col10522 PDF: FREE Online: FREE Print: $31.98
    • Open Textbook Models
      • 3. Government funding
            • A new bill introduced by Sen. Durbin (D-IL) would create a federal grant program to create open textbooks through the NSF
            • The WA community college system received state funding to create open curriculum & texts for the 80 highest enrollment courses.
    • Open Textbook Models
      • 4. Publishers
        • The first publisher of open textbooks is Flat World Knowledge. They launched their first titles in spring 2009, and now are adopted at more than 400 schools.
      Organizational Behavior By T. Bauer & B. Erdogan flatworldknowledge.com Online: FREE PDF: $24.99 Print: $29.99
    • Open: A Solution
    • Open: A Solution Publisher Student Professor Flawed Market Part 1: Make the market more student-centric, without undermining faculty
    • Open: A Solution Open Textbooks Part 1: Make the market more student-centric, without undermining faculty  Publisher Student Professor
    • Open: A Solution Flawed Model Part 2: Rework publishing models to be more efficient and sustainable Students Bookstore Publisher Textbooks are bought and sold several times, but the publisher only profits on the first sale used books
    • Open: A Solution Open Textbooks Part 2: Rework publishing models to be more efficient and sustainable  Students Bookstore Publisher The normal supply chain is restored & publishers gain the opportunity to sell directly to students
    • What You Can Do
    • What You Can Do FACULTY can seek & consider open textbooks, and use other cost reducing practices. More information here: studentpirgs.org/textbooks/take-action
    • What You Can Do STUDENTS can speak to their professors and encourage them to consider open textbooks. More information here: studentpirgs.org/textbooks/take-action
    • What You Can Do COLLEGES can offer support to faculty interested in adopting or writing open textbooks. More information here: studentpirgs.org/textbooks/take-action
    • What You Can Do AUTHORS can show preference for publishers using alternative models, like open textbooks. More information here: studentpirgs.org/textbooks/take-action
    • Open Textbooks
      • A Step Toward Affordability
      Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs [email_address] May 12, 2010