When the DOL TAACCCT grant was announced – I was working with the WA Community Colleges.It was just another grant – until we saw this.Our 34 Colleges realized something profound – not only did they want to get a grant and build a successful program.They wanted everyone other project, in every State, to be successful… because everyone is required to share everything they build with these public tax dollars.Conversation changed from – how can I succeed – to: how can everyone succeed so we can leverage one another’s good work?-----------------Grant solicitation said that all new material produced with grant funds must be licensed with a Creative Commons BY license…allows subsequent users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the copyrighted work and requires such users to attribute the work in the manner specified by the Grantee.Baked into the grant solicitation. If you want the money, you need to promise to share what you create with other colleges, and with the worldextremely exciting; first large scale inclusion of CC at the US federal level the program is a giant leap forward in how grant funds are managed this provides public access to publicly funded educational materials CC BY maximizes the public benefit of the funding dollars expended Innovative use of these materials may be made by any teacher, parent, and school district, nationwide and beyond materials will be available for reuse and value-add by creative entrepreneurs, education start-ups, and traditional commercial businesses.
In order to ensure that the Federal investment of these funds has as broad an impact as possible and to encourage innovation in the development of new learning materials….
We read the SGA and asked – what is required in the SGA – where Community Colleges might need help?And what organizations have turn-key solutions that are uniquely suited to help projects be successful?So we put together this consortia. We call it OPEN: the Open Professionals Education Network.I’ll let them share their expertise, and how they can help your projects, in sessions later today.
We thought this was a good idea, but we wanted to get it funded so it could be FREE technical assistance for your projects.The Gates Foundation thought it was a good idea too.And we thank them for their vision and their support.
So what is The Opportunity?WE are educators.Many of us have a common dream: that everyone in the world can attain all the education they desire. That everyone have access to high quality, affordable, accessible learning opportunities.It will require we share the educational resources we produce and that we spend our limited public resources wisely.
And just like the United States … the rest of the world needs this dream to come true … and quickly… if we are to meet the global demand for higher education.Sir John Daniel, President & CEO of the Commonwealth of Learning notes:What do you think the odds are the world will buildfour major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years?
This isn’t just my dream. Many have this Dream In 2006, Cathy Casserly and Mike Smith (@ Hewlett Foundation) wrote: “At the heart of the movement towards Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it.”------------------(Smith, M.S. and Casserly, C.M. 2006. The promise of Open Educational Resources. Change, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 8-17)
The next year, there was a meeting in Cape Town, South Africa.TheCape Town Declaration begins:We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use. These educators are creating a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge.
Sharing educational resources is a global movement.In 2002 UNESCOparticipants expressed “their wish to develop together a universal educational resource available for the whole of humanity”10 years later = 195 nations – debated and signed the Paris OER Declaration – moving the World’s nations toward open policies and support for OER.
Creative Commons works to make it easy for creators to share … to realize the full potential of the internet – universal access to research, education, full participation in culture – to drive a new era of development, growth, and productivity.CC Licenses make it easy and legal to share… so anyone can: reuse, revise, remix and redistribute.Everything you build with your TAACCCT grants will be shared under a Creative Commons Attribution license.
Clearly, the Internet has empowered us to copy and share with an efficiency never before known or imagined. However, long before the Internet was invented, copyright law began regulating the very activities the Internet makes essentially free (copying and distributing).Consequently, the Internet was born at a severe disadvantage, as preexisting laws discouraged people from realizing the full potential of the network.
The current market is failing because existing publishers are not offering what we’re asking for. We would welcome it if they chose to compete to provide what the new environment demands.
To understand the Opportunity, we need to understand what was once scarce is now abundant.We have to understand the affordances of digital things… and how digital courses, textbooks, data, research, science… can be non-rivalrous resources IF educational resources are openly licensed.
Open license is key.
10 years ago, MIT opened all of its courses to the world… hundreds of other Universities have followed.And it’s not just Universities.WA Community Colleges are part of the OPEN project – they will tell you how and why they put their entire general education curriculum online, under a CC BY license.The call it the “Open Course Library.”
Effortto return scholarly publishing to its original purpose: to spread knowledge and allow that knowledge to be built upon.John Holdren, Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, “has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.”
Build state-of-the-art academic programs.Collaborate and share with one another as you are building.Ensure your project produces interoperable, open content useful to all project Colleges.Leverage existing OER and Round 1 work – don’t recreate the wheel.Use best practices in learning design and accessibility to ensure EVERYONE can use your educational resources. Our OPEN team is here to support you.
We look forward to working with you.Thank you.
5. Intellectual Property Rights In order to ensure that the Federal investment of these funds has as broad an impact as possible and to encourage innovation in the development of new learning materials, as a condition of the receipt of a TAACCCT grant, the grantee will be required to license to the public (not including the Federal Government) all work created with the support of the grant (Work) under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CCBY) license. Work that must be licensed under the CCBY includes both new content created with the grant funds and modifications made to pre-existing, grantee-owned content using grant funds.
“as a condition of the receipt of a TAACCCTgrant, the grantee will be required to license tothe public (not including the FederalGovernment) all work created with the supportof the grant (Work) under a Creative CommonsAttribution 3.0 (CC BY) license. Work thatmust be licensed under the CCBY includesboth new content created with the grant fundsand modifications made to pre-existing,grantee-owned content using grant funds.”SGA, Round 2 (p. 8 / Section I.D.5 )
OPEN Supports ALL Round 1 & 2DOL TAACCCT Grantees
Children Reading Pratham Books and Akshara By Ryan Lobo http://www.flickr.com/photos/prathambooks/3291CC BY
“Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years.1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures2 British Council and IDP Australia projectionsBy: COLhttp://www.col.org/SiteCollectios/JohnDaniel_2008_3x5.jpg
Dreaming Girls Head By: Elfleda http://www.flickr.com/photos/carolinespics/1531CC BY-NC-ND
Creative Beauty at Creative Commons By: KristinaAlexandersonCC BY-SA
A simple, standardizedway to grant copyrightpermissions to yourcreative work.
Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.90• Copy by computer - $0.00084CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies)• Distribute by internet - $0.00072CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
Copy and Distribute are “Free”This changes everythingCC BY: David Wiley, BYU
Movies, TV Shows, Songs, andTextbooksMovies and TV Shows:• Amazon Prime – $6.59/month($79/year) for access to 10,000 moviesand TV shows• Netflix – $7.99/month for access to20,000 movies and TV shows• Hulu Plus – $7.99/month for access to45,000 movies and TV showsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
Movies, TV Shows, Songs, andTextbooksMusic:• Spotify – $9.99/month for access to 15million songs• Rhapsody – $14.99/month for accessto 14 million songsCC BY: David Wiley: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2348
CC BY ND / Delta Initiative / http://tinyurl.com/bw3ztnt
When the Marginal Cost of Sharing is $0…- educators have an ethical obligation to share- governments need to get maximum ROI byrequiring publicly funded resources be openlylicensed resources- governments and educators need openlylicensed content: (a) so you can revise & remix(b) buying and maintaining is cheaper thanleasing (w/time bombs)
vs.Rivalrous vs. Non-RivalrousResourcesCC BY by: Jon Shttp://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N
OER areteaching, learning, andresearch materials in anymedium that reside in thepublic domain or have beenreleased under an openlicense that permits their freeuse and re-purposing by
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
Dr. Cable GreenDirector of Global Learningcable@email@example.com#Open4us @OPEN4Us
“Only work that is developed by the granteewith the grant funds is required to be licensedunder the CC BY license. Pre-existingcopyrighted materials licensed to, or purchasedby the grantee from third parties, includingmodifications of such materials, remain subjectto the intellectual property rights the granteereceives under the terms of the particularlicense or purchase. In addition, works createdby the grantee without grant funds do not fallunder the CC BY license requirement.”Copyrighted materials clarification (p. 9)