OER @ TCC (4-17-09)


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Tacoma Community College PD Day: OER Chat (download file to see all slides)

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  • OER @ TCC (4-17-09)

    1. 1. Developing a Culture of Sharing and Receiving: Open Source Textbooks and Learning Objects Cable Green eLearning Director
    2. 2. http://www.slideshare.net/ cgreen
    3. 3. Yes… We Really are Networked…
    4. 4. "According to an IBM study, by 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."
    5. 5. And we can make all of our “ digital stuff” available to all people… and most of it will get used... by someone.
    6. 6. “ Long Tail” of Publishing long tail $ Harry Potter Hyper-geometric partial differential equations
    7. 7. http://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart We All Get to Participate
    8. 9. Definition of OER <ul><li>Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research. </li></ul>
    9. 10. The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/
    10. 11. The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/ Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free”
    11. 12. software textbooks music
    12. 13. Textbook 2.0 <ul><li>modular </li></ul><ul><li>authored by community </li></ul><ul><li>continuously updated </li></ul><ul><li>personalized on assembly </li></ul><ul><li>never out-of-print </li></ul><ul><li>published on demand </li></ul><ul><li>low cost ex: 600-page textbook for $32, not $132 </li></ul>
    13. 14. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades </li></ul>http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf
    14. 15. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies… </li></ul>http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf
    15. 16. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores . </li></ul><ul><li>Products available in college stores are sold with a margin, as in any retail operation. Margin is the difference between cost and retail price, reflecting work required to bring products to market. </li></ul>http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp
    16. 17. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
    17. 19. <ul><li>http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org/course_correction.pdf </li></ul>
    18. 20. Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources Joint effort to develop and use open educational resources and open textbooks in community college courses cccoer.wordpress.com
    19. 21. Community College Open Textbook Project Goal Identify, organize, and support the production and use of high quality, accessible and culturally relevant Open Textbooks for community college students Reduce the cost of textbooks!
    20. 22. 84 colleges from AZ, CA, IA, MD, NV, NY, OH, TX, WA, Ontario CCCOER Membership
    21. 23. Comparison of Statistics Textbooks Publisher: Wiley Open: Connexions & QOOP Downloadable version: $77.50 Downloadable & online versions: FREE Printed bound version: $141.95 new $110.25 used Printed bound version: $31.98 new
    22. 24. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: “Introductory Statistics” </li></ul>
    23. 25. General Physics            600 pages New $179.00  Used $125.00  
    24. 27. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Introductory Physics” </li></ul>
    25. 28. <ul><li>Does TCC teach: Elementary Algebra </li></ul>
    26. 29. <ul><li>Do you want to go through the rest of TCC’s general education courses? </li></ul>
    27. 30. Challenges <ul><li>Faculty and student resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability of high quality and comprehensive learning materials in some disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate access to high-speed Internet by students </li></ul>
    28. 31. Challenges <ul><li>Compliance with accessibility requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Printing and computer lab demands on campus by students </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with campus bookstores </li></ul>
    29. 32. Open Textbook Adoption <ul><li>Locate open textbooks for consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate each textbook for selection </li></ul><ul><li>Customize, remix, and organize selected textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate in print and digital formats </li></ul>http://emharrington.com/rex/images/adoptadog/Adopt_Me.jpg
    30. 33. Locate Open Textbooks for Consideration <ul><ul><li>MERLOT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connexions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikibooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OER Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Text Project </li></ul></ul>http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg
    31. 34. Evaluate Each Textbook <ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority of Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depth and scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality and Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation </li></ul></ul>
    32. 35. Customize, Remix, and Organize
    33. 36. Disseminate Open Textbooks <ul><ul><li>Digital formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus bookstore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus print-shop services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary services </li></ul></ul>http://images.lexcycle.com/screenshots/feedbooks_library.jpg
    34. 38. http://therawfeed.com/pix/the_raw_feed_on_kindle-BIG.jpg
    35. 39. Why so urgent? <ul><ul><li>Consider One High Enrollment Course: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English Composition I </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37,226 enrollments / year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>X $100 textbook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= $3.7 Million + (cost to students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg
    36. 40. <ul><li>Are there really Open Educational Resources (e.g., Open Textbooks) on the web? </li></ul>
    37. 41. “ Lenses” @ Rice Connexions <ul><li>social software for quality control </li></ul>cnx.org/lenses/ johnDoe univ.edu/cnx IEEE.org/cnx
    38. 42. Bookstores Future Role? <ul><li>Bookstores are perfectly positioned to be the College’s clearinghouse for printed open educational resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>print-on-demand open textbooks & OER course packs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want printed options ( Course Correction ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have location and are tightly networked into IT and fiscal campus operations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., students can use fin aid @ bookstores </li></ul></ul>
    39. 43. Bookstores Future Role? <ul><li>Open Textbook Commercial Affiliates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with them like you work with existing commercial Publishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat World Knowledge: interested in bookstores buying print copies of open textbooks at reduced rates. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your ideas? Let’s chat. </li></ul>
    40. 44. Legislation <ul><li>HB 1025 / SB 5778 </li></ul><ul><li>HB 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Federal: HEOA </li></ul>
    41. 45. http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director cgreen@sbctc.edu (360) 704-4334 Special thanks to: David Wiley (BYU) and Richard Baraniuk (Rice)