NUTN 2008


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conference presentation @ NUTN 2008 in Park City, UT

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  • NUTN 2008

    1. 1. Higher Education in 2020: Perpetual Beta Cable Green, PhD eLearning Director
    2. 2. Hold On!
    3. 3. <ul><li>“ We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” </li></ul><ul><li>Yochai Benkler </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>“ I am not sure of what I absolutely know” </li></ul><ul><li>The King and I </li></ul>
    5. 5. Why does it matter? <ul><li>seamless connection of people, resources & supply chains </li></ul><ul><li>digitization of content </li></ul><ul><li>virtual, mobile, personal </li></ul><ul><li>application-to-application work flow </li></ul><ul><li>global platform for collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>open-sourcing </li></ul><ul><li>blurring of boundaries </li></ul>
    6. 6. In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule. And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas.
    7. 10. How do we Deal with This? <ul><li>We are preparing students for </li></ul><ul><li>jobs that don’t yet exist, using </li></ul><ul><li>technologies that haven’t been </li></ul><ul><li>invented, to solve problems we </li></ul><ul><li>don’t even know are problems yet. </li></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>(1) eLearning </li></ul><ul><li>Why call it “eLearning?” </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>“ Distance” is about geographic separation. </li></ul><ul><li>“ eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online, Hybrid, Enhanced </li></ul></ul>“ eLearning”
    10. 13. eLearning in Context <ul><li>Growth in online enrollments far exceeds overall enrollment growth. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CTC system FTE growth Fall 2007 up 1%, online enrollments increased 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3.5 million students are taking at least one online course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= 20%of all U.S. higher education students. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 14. Washington Community & Technical Colleges Online Courses: Fall 07 <ul><li>13,473 FTE online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>equivalent to 2.5 Community Colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 72,000 students learn online each year </li></ul>
    12. 15. Growth in Online Courses Fall FTE: 1998-2010 1999-2007 growth = 715%
    13. 16. Growth in Online Courses Annual Enrollment: 1998-2010 1999-2007 growth = 426%
    14. 17. <ul><li>Why does this growth curve matter? </li></ul>
    15. 18. Educate More Citizens <ul><li>HECB Master Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates produced annually to achieve Global Challenge State benchmarks. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 19. <ul><li>2. Open Educational Resources </li></ul>
    17. 20. <ul><li>Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially . </li></ul><ul><li>Reedʼs Law: Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge. </li></ul>Why is “Open” Important? Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation
    18. 21. Definition of OER <ul><li>Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research. </li></ul>
    19. 22. <ul><li>Freedom to </li></ul><ul><li>access </li></ul><ul><li>copy </li></ul><ul><li>modify </li></ul><ul><li>redistribute </li></ul><ul><li>Foote 2005, Doyle 2005 </li></ul>Conditions? Attribution Share-Alike Non-commercial No-modify Educational Stephen Downes (June 4, 2007)
    20. 23. What about Copyright / IP? CC Video
    21. 24. - JSB
    22. 25.
    23. 26. <ul><li>OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO </li></ul><ul><li>OCW – MIT ( MIT HS ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rice Connexions </li></ul>(a few) Open Content Repositories
    24. 27. What are Open Textbooks? <ul><li>“ Open textbooks” are free, online, open-access textbooks. The content of open textbooks is licensed to allow anyone to use, download, customize, or print without expressed permission from the author. </li></ul> Examples of Free, Open Textbooks DEMO
    25. 28. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades </li></ul><ul><li>At 2-year public institutions , the average cost of books and supplies per first-time, full-time student (’03-’04) was $886 = almost 75% of the cost of tuition and fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$898 at 4-year public institutions, about 26% of the cost of tuition and fees </li></ul></ul>
    26. 29. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
    27. 31. <ul><li>We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>move to: &quot;proudly borrowed from there&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content is not a strategic advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Nor can we (or our students) afford it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want open, free textbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want access to the global courses </li></ul></ul>Hey Higher Ed!
    28. 32. <ul><li>“ As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.” </li></ul><ul><li>In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it. </li></ul>Future of Openness in Education David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
    29. 33. <ul><li>3. WACTC Technology Plan </li></ul>
    30. 34. Technology Transformation Task Force <ul><li>Long-term planning to infuse innovative, student-centered technologies and transform learning throughout the CTC system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural shift to student-centric applications, services and development processes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leverage technology, services and content across the 34 Colleges. </li></ul><ul><li>Final report in Summer ’08. </li></ul>
    31. 36. What we learned from Students <ul><li>24/7/365 online access to courses and student services </li></ul><ul><li>faculty to be proficient with technologies </li></ul><ul><li>access to better online library resources </li></ul><ul><li>consistency in the technology tools across all courses and Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>access to online textbooks to lower costs and reduce paper use </li></ul><ul><li>expanded availability of computer labs </li></ul>
    32. 37. What we learned from Faculty <ul><li>faculty believe technology helps them teach more effectively (87%) </li></ul><ul><li>faculty turn to other faculty for information about new learning technologies (72%) </li></ul><ul><li>student expectations motivate faculty to learn more about technology (69%) </li></ul>
    33. 38. Bottom Line <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared technology, support services and content is a responsible use of public funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All students, faculty and staff need access to enterprise eLearning & administrative systems and support services to compete in the global market. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No College can afford all necessary eLearning & administrative systems & support services individually. </li></ul></ul>
    34. 39. <ul><li>(4) 21 st Century Literacies </li></ul>
    35. 40. <ul><li>Play: experiment with one’s surroundings as a form of problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Performance: adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation: interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processes </li></ul>2020 Literacies McArthur Foundation: Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century
    36. 41. <ul><li>Appropriation: meaningfully sample and remix media content </li></ul><ul><li>Multitasking: scan one’s environment and shift focus as needed to salient details. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Cognition: interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Intelligence: pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goal </li></ul>2020 Literacies
    37. 42. <ul><li>Judgment: evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources </li></ul><ul><li>Transmedia Navigation: follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities </li></ul><ul><li>Networking: search for, synthesize, and disseminate information </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation: travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms. </li></ul>2020 Literacies
    38. 43. Dr. Cable Green (360) 704-4334 Twitter: cgreen
    39. 44. What is the 2020 Organization? <ul><li>All learning is clearly viable </li></ul><ul><li>All learning is connected </li></ul><ul><li>All knowledge and ideas are public </li></ul><ul><li>The institution’s role is to act as guide and measurable skill builder </li></ul><ul><li>The institution’s role is to teach thinking processes, creativity processes, designing processes </li></ul>In 2020 Learning is Ubiquitous
    40. 45. <ul><li>Organizing knowledge networks has traditionally been the role of higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education will shift from organization as silo, to organization as node. </li></ul>Shift to Node
    41. 46. 2020 HIGHER EDUCATION WA CTCs eLearning 2008 WA CTCs eLearning 2020 Localized college offerings Open and shared content internationally F2F and online hybrids gain use, Increased student personalized network devices Universal access with mass personalization CMS Individualized courses, programs and assessment Vendor or College Help Desk Virtual, online, on-device, F2F, hybridized Faculty need training as specialized coaches with some faculty Knowledge is in the network IT is held at the colleges with start of vendor programs Commodity IT is outsourced Reputation systems being asked for by students Reputation system Students comparing and contrasting college websites for 79% of first looks at a college to attend Recommendation engines Pockets of innovation Change agents as the norm Consortiums few and subject to questioning Consortiums abound College websites begin to recognize the need to be competitive using ecommerce Websites based in services that collect and interpret data of clients to anticipate next needs/wants
    42. 47. Are You Ready to Shift? Traditional Learning 21 st Century Learning 2020 Instructor Centered Student Centered Co-creating new knowledge by combining knowledge Single Media Multimedia Media preferences Isolated Work Collaborative Work Worldwide Exchange Consortiums Information Delivery Information Exchange Information Creation Factual, Knowledge-based Learning Critical Thinking and Informed Decision Making Creative Enterprises and New Thought Push Pull Combine, Mash, Manipulate, Create Source: ISTE National Education Technology Standards for Teachers (USA) Microsoft Source: SBCTC eLearning Team 2008
    43. 48. 2020 Faculty Competencies