How Digital, Networked Technologies and SharingChanges Education Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director
Let’s talk about the big trends & how to prepare for inevitable change&how Illinois Higher Education can think in new ways to leverage digital, networked technologies…
“We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” Yochai Benkler http://www.flickr.com/photos/lonewolf23/1570632701/
Yes… We Really are Networked… seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge digitization of content mobile, personal global platform for collaboration outsourcing Anyone notice our global economy?
"According to an IBM study, in 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours."
And we can make all of our “digital stuff” available to all people… and most of it will get used... by someone.
“Long Tail” of Publishing $ long tail HarryPotter Hyper-geometricpartial differentialequations
We All Get to Participate http://wiki.elearning.ubc.ca/ComingApart
And they want services like this: Backup
So how do we prepare students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI
Share Slides (and use others’) http://www.slideshare.net
(2) eLearning Why call it “eLearning?”
“Distance” is about geographic separation. “eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital, networked technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces. Online, Hybrid, Enhanced “eLearning”
Going to Web and Mobile
Ongoing eLearning Growth Over 96,600 students learn online each year + 34,000 Hybrid Online FTE up more than 22% Hybrid FTE up more than 45% 18% (and growing) of all state instruction is delivered via online or hybrid instruction. 29
Ongoing Online Learning Growth 45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits online or hybrid 23 colleges offer 86 different degrees and certificates online 16 colleges offer an AA degree online 30
Why does this growth matter?
Educate More Citizens
HECB Master Plan
I. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity
Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates…
By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually.
2008-09 Online + Hybrid LearningGas / Trips / CO2 Savings 2.2M round trips avoided = reduced traffic congestion 3.3M gallons of gas saved 64.4M pounds of CO2 not in the air 33 http://www.fhcrc.org/about/pubs/center_news/weekly/img/2007_0806_i5_traffic.jpg
(3) Open Educational Resources
Why is “Open” Important? When we cooperate and share, we all win Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution. Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks Self-interest: good things happen when I share It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
Definition of OER Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.
(a few) Open Content Repositories OpenLearn (UK) - DEMO OCW – MIT (MIT HS) China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese. Rice Connexions
The Old Economics Print, warehouse, and ship a new book for every student http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/2780164461/
The New Economics Upload one copy, and everyone uses it simultaneously Making copies, storage, distribution of digital stuff = “Free” http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/
Comparison of Statistics Textbooks
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? 2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05806.pdf
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The College Board reported that for the 2007 through 2008 academic years each student spent an estimated $805 to $1,229 on college books and supplies… http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/about/news_info/trends/trends_pricing_07.pdf
Why do we Need Open Textbooks? The gross margin on new college textbooks is currently 22.7 percent according to the National Association of College Stores. http://www.nacs.org/public/research/margins.asp
Why so urgent? Consider One High Enrollment Course: English Composition I 42,600+ enrollments / year X $100 textbook = $4.2Million + (cost to students) What if we looked at 100, 200, 300 high enrollment courses? http://rtnl.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/thinker21.jpg
Hey Higher Education! We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content move to: "proudly borrowed from there" Content is not a strategic advantage Nor can we (or our students) afford it
What Happens if weDon’t Change? Harder to catch-up … Or even understand. Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source, Open Content, Open Textbooks… Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time
60 How is the fiscal health of your local newspaper?
http://techplan.sbctc.edu 61 “We will cultivate the culture and practice of using and contributing to open educational resources.”
But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education.It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11) 62
WA Legislation SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content. (v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects… 63
New State Board Policy All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License. 64
Student Advocacy WA CTC 2009 Student Voice Academy (1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS “The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students….” Top Issue three years running…. 65
Opening 81 Common Courses Gates + Legislature + SBCTC + Colleges “Open Course Library” Designing 81 highest enrolled courses Courses will be Digital – can be taught online, hybrid, web-enhanced and/or faculty can re-mix Open CC Licensing – everyone has access < $30 textbooks … or Free 81 courses enrollments = $52M+ / year in textbook costs Develop a culture of sharing content in the WA CTCs 66
Federal Movement on Open? Obama’s American Graduation Initiative “$50M / year for the creation of open courseware” DOE talking about part of $2B in Community College spending Senator Dick Durbin (IL) Talking about “Open Textbooks” – pilot fund Undersecretary of Education Martha Kanter OER leader when Chancellor @ Foothill-De Anza Community College District Federal Research Access Act of 2009 increasing public access to academic research that is funded by the federal government (free after 6 mos) 67 Principle: http://www.taxpayeraccess.org
NEW HE Models are En Route
Choices: (1) Open up and leverage global input OR (2) close up shop
Think Big Crazy Ideas…. We could share all of our instructional digital resources including: courses, textbooks and library resources … anduse others’ digital materials. Publicly funded digital content = openly licensed and freely available to those that paid for it.
1. “Top 50” Courses
Blogs: http://blog.oer.sbctc.edu http://blog.elearning.sbctc.edu Twitter: cgreen Dr. Cable Green eLearning Director firstname.lastname@example.org (360) 704-4334