Why is “Open” Important? When we cooperate and share, we all win Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution. Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks Self-interest: good things happen when I share It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
http://techplan.sbctc.edu “We will cultivate the culture and practice of using and contributing to open educational resources.”
But using open educational resources – and contributing to them – requires significant change in the culture of higher education.It requires thinking about content as a common resource that raises all boats when shared. (p.11)
What about Textbooks?
The high cost of textbooks has reduced Washington citizens’ access to higher education.Full-time students spend approximately $1,000 on textbooks every year. College Board Report: Trends in College Pricing (2007)
English Composition I 50,000+ enrollments / year x $100 textbook = $5+ Million every year
Student Advocacy WA CTC Student Voice Academy (1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS “The high cost of textbooks is a burden to students….” Top Issue three years running….
Open Education Open Education Goal: increase access and completion by providing high quality, affordable, openly licensed educational resources.
Open Education Open Course Library designing and sharing 81 high enrollment, gatekeeper courses for face-to-face, hybrid and/or online delivery to improve course completion rates lower textbook costs for students (<$30) provide new resources for faculty to use in their courses for our college system to fully engage the global open educational resources discussion.
81 courses = 411,133 enrollments / year 411,133 enrollments x $100 textbook = $41M+ in textbook costs / student debt per year Limit on textbook costs in redesigned courses is $30. If courses are adopted by 25% of the sections in the system (faculty decision), the savings to students will be $7.2M per year. Savings increase with increased adoptions and/or when courses use free, open textbooks. Open Education
New State Board “Open” Policy All digital software, educational resources and knowledge produced through competitive grants, offered through and/or managed by the SBCTC, will carry a Creative Commons Attribution License.
Legislative Strategy Partner with Legislators who care about: (a) efficient use of state tax dollars &(b) saving students money.
WA Legislation SSHB1025 Faculty consider the least costly practices in assigning course materials, such as adopting the least expensive edition available, adopting free, open textbooks when available, and working with college librarians to put together collections of free online web and library resources, when educational content is comparable as determined by the faculty…
WA Legislation SSHB1946 – two big ideas – share technology and share content. (v) Methods and open licensing options for effectively sharing digital content including but not limited to: Open courseware, open textbooks, open journals, and open learning objects…
NEW Open Policy: Only ONE thing Matters: Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary. Read: “Disrupting College…”
NEW Open Policy: Big Idea is… Taxpayer-funded educational resources should be open educational resources. Information that is designed, developed and distributed through the generosity of public tax dollars should be accessible to the public that paid for it -- without artificial restrictions and/or limits.
NEW Open Policy: Possible Policy Any [insert your State here] public or private K-20 education institution that receives any state operating, capital or student financial aid funding shall openly license (creative commons attribution licensing) and share, in a common open repository, all instructional resources created in part or in whole with state funding including: courses, textbooks, course packs, lesson plans, syllabi, slides, lecture notes, audio and video, simulations, academic journals, research data, digital labs, and other educational materials.
NEW Open Policy: Slogans You should get what you paid for Public access to publicly funded educational materials Buy one, get one (David Wiley)
WA System Conversation: We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content move to: "proudly borrowed from there" Content is not a strategic advantage Nor can we (or our students) afford it
What Happens if we Don’t Change? Harder to catch-up … Or even understand. Creative Commons, Google, Amazon, Open Source, Open Data, Textbooks… Functional Possibilities Higher Education Time
NEW HE Models are En Route
So what’s next? What are the kinds of decisions that will lead us to optimal use of technologies, content and talent to support student achievement for all Washingtonians?
Questions What would happen to the quality of curriculum if all system digital content was shared and course (re)design was data driven? How can we use technologies and shared content to significantly increase completion rates?
Questions Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative courses… (article)
Questions OLI Research Results: OLI students completed course in half the time with half the number of in-person meetings Accelerated learning study (Statistics): 33% more content, learning gain in standardized test 13% OLI vs 2% in traditional face-to-face class. OLI Online vs. traditional. OLI 99% completion rate vs 41% completion rate traditional. Lovett, M., Meyer, O., & Thille, C. (2008). The Open Learning Initiative: Measuring the effectiveness of the OLI statistics course in accelerating student learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education.
Questions What if all state funded educational content was open access? What kind of efficiencies could higher education yield? Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials. NIH & DOE are leading the federal government to do just that.
Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training Grants Program $2 Billion Department of Labor Grant All $2B of programs / courses produced must be openly licensed (CC BY) WA Colleges can download, modify and use any of it! Simple idea: public access to publicly funded educational materials.
Dr. Cable GreenDirector of eLearning & Open EducationSBCTC360email@example.com: cgreenblog.oer.sbctc.edu