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Narrative paradigm and narrative 2.0 new Narrative paradigm and narrative 2.0 new Presentation Transcript

  • Narrative Paradigm &Social Media Narrativity
  • Narrative Paradigm (1984)
    • Theory Originator:
    -Walter Fisher
    • Interpretive Epistemology
  • Narrative Paradigm
    • Reworking of Aristotelian analysis
    • People are storytelling animals & narrative beings
    • Rhetoric = not only evidence, facts, arguments, reason, & logic
    • Offering good reasons = telling compelling story (not just piling evidence/constructing tight argument)
    • All com that appeals to reason best viewed as stories
    • Stories shaped by history, culture, & character
    • All types of com = stories (Fisher)
  • Key Terms
    Narration (Telling the Story)
    &
    Paradigm (Worldview)
  • 2 Standards for Good Stories
  • Narrative Coherence
    • Does story hang together?
    • How probable does it sound?
    • Internal consistency (similar to lines of argument in rational paradigm)
    • Convinced if narrator
    • Hasn’t left out important details
    • Fudged the facts
    • Ignored other possible interpretations
    • Judge by comparing to other stories of same theme
    • Ultimate test = if characters act consistently with their character (in reliable manner)
  • Narrative Fidelity
    Does story ring true with listeners?
    Quality of story causes responsive chord with life of listener
    Example = Hi Fi record player
    Story may be fiction but should still resonate (ring true)
    Similar to stories listeners may tell about themselves
    Has fidelity = provides reasons to guide future actions (buy into character we should be)
    Values are the theory’s logic of good reasons
    Specific values that guide audience to gauge story’s truth or fidelity
  • Humans are predisposed to
    “story” their experiences &
    thereby impose a narrative
    interpretation upon information
    and experience.
    (Doyle & Carter, 2003)
  • Narrative and Learning w/ Web 2.0 Pachler & Daly 2009
    Learning = adaptation to make sense of our physical and sociocultural context…and as a continually refining capacity…to intelligently navigate an ever changing social, cultural, and physical world.
    Narrative (Storytelling): offering an organizational frame for new experiences and knowledge creation and building. (Falk & Dierking, 2000; Pachler & Daly, 2009)
  • Narrative Learning Trail:
    Individuals are seen as engaging with a complex interactive process when learning within a particular environment. It involves the appropriation of a range of resources available to the individual organized and activated through chaining.
    (Walker, 2006)
  • Who Are Trail Makers?
    Narrative Learning Trail Authors have AGENCY = They have the capacity to make choices about what counts as knowledge/reality.
  • What about Web 2.0? 3.0?
    Author/Agentive processes of structuring and meaning-making are necessary to participate in a disparate, distributed and ill-defined information environment.
    (Pachler & Daly, 2009)
  • Sense-Making Assumptions of Social Media Spaces:
    >Knowledgeable Readers Familiar with Content of Interest (OR)
    >If Not Knowledgeable, then Experienced with Social Spaces to Know How to Engage with the Unfamiliar
  • 2 EXAMPLES
    How do readers/viewers/users navigate through www.behance.net? Read comments and see if you can discern common stories.
    How do readers/viewers tell stories about “creepers” on Twitter? Use www.listoftweets.com and generate a list of tweets about this phenomenon. What narratives do you seeemerging?