Wg3 release jeff hayward 16 apr 2014

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Meeting global food needs with lower emissions:
IPCC report findings on climate change mitigation in agriculture
A dialog among scientists, practitioners and financiers

April 16, 2014
World Bank, Washington, DC

Following the April 13th release of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Mitigation, including Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU), this event will provided an opportunity to listen to IPCC authors summarize their findings and for all participants to join in a dialog with practitioners and financiers to discuss actionable steps for mitigation in the agricultural sector.

The event was a joint effort of the World Bank, the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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Wg3 release jeff hayward 16 apr 2014

  1. 1. ©2009 Rainforest Alliance JUABESO-BIA LANDSCAPE GHANA Enhancing carbon in Ghana’s cocoa landscapes by increasing productivity and restoring ecosystems Jeffrey Hayward, April 16, 2014
  2. 2. Working in over 100 countries Globally Certified Forest Operations > 75M ha (11.4M ha set aside for conservation) Certified Farms > 1M farmers 3 M ha
  3. 3. CERTIFICATION & MARKET SHARE From niche to mainstream
  4. 4. SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPES - VALUE CHAIN APPROACH Training & support to producers Auditing & Traceability Corporate engagement Marketing & Brand awareness producers / processors buyers / exporters / importers distributors / brands / retailers / industry groups consumers LAND USE PRACTICES BUSINESS PRACTICES CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Capacity Building & Technical Assistance Certification & Sustainability Standards Market development & Corporate engagement
  5. 5. Bia National Park Krokosua Hills FR “Globally Significant Biodiversity Area Timber Concessions GHANA: JUABESO – BIA LANDSCAPE
  6. 6. JUABESO – BIA LANDSCAPE: PROJECT OBJECTIVES Farmers • Enable smallholder farmers to practice climate- smart agriculture • Restore ecosystems • Enhance remnant forests • Conserve nearby forests • Reduce GHG emissions • Small enterprise development • Climate change education Company • Reputation • Income opportunities from carbon markets • Value chain efficiencies: • build resilient supply • break links between cocoa and deforestation • Reduce operational risks • A learning exercise - Supported by USAID, NORAD, Olam
  7. 7. CLIMATE SMART ACTIVITIES Training & climate education • Best practices training to support farmers to meet SAN standards • Capacity building for farmers to achieve Climate Module verification • “Lead-farmer” program establishment • Adaptation plans developed at community and farm level to counter those impacts 7
  8. 8. WHAT CAN COCOA FARMERS DO? Maintain our Sacred groves Leave shade trees on our cocoa farms. Grow other crops in addition to Plant trees in places where we don’t farm. Pruning of cocoa Fertilizer application
  9. 9. PROJECT SITE & CERTIFIED FARMS 9 2012: 833 farmers / 2,401 ha 2013: 1,256 farmers / 3,700 ha 2014 – 2018: 4,000 farmers 11,000 ha
  10. 10. C ACCOUNTING METHOD • Initially, farm by farm plot approach • Then, classification using satellite imagery – [World View 2m] – [RapidEye 5m] • Ground truthing with data gathered in sampling plots established in the various land use types 10
  11. 11. BENCHMARK CARBON STOCKS: STRATIFICATION 11 Higher shade cocoa Low/no shade cocoa Agriculture/fallow s Open canopy forest
  12. 12. SAMPLING LOCATIONS 12 STRATIFIED LAND COVER CLASSES
  13. 13. 13 CARBON STOCKS: STRATIFICATION CCF = closed canopy forest OCF = open canopy forest HSC = high shade cocoa LSC = low/no shade cocoa OP = open, fallow UR = urban
  14. 14. ©2009 Rainforest Alliance
  15. 15. LANDSCAPE CARBON STOCKS: QUANTIFICATION 15 2012: 833 farmers / 2,401 ha 255,000 tons CO2e 2013: 1,256 farmers / 3,700 ha 410,000 tons CO2e 2014 – 2018: 4,000 farmers 11,000 ha 1.5+ M tons CO2e
  16. 16. CARBON PROJECT DESIGN In Juabeso-Bia it helped to: • Encapsulate benefits and best practices promoted • Creating baselines • Monitoring and evaluation plans • Novel C accounting method 16
  17. 17. CARBON PROJECT DESIGN • Developed according to the CCB Standards • Delivers credible climate, community and biodiversity benefits • No VERs unless used with another standard such as VCS 17
  18. 18. CLIMATE SMART ACTIVITIES Reforestation • Degraded areas are being reforested and sustainably managed for timber production Diversification • Other livelihood opportunities such as the rearing of grass cutters and bee keeping are being promoted 18
  19. 19. 19 GHANA: CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS
  20. 20. RESULTS TO DATE .. • Over 2,000 farmers trained to date according to the SAN sustainability standards and the additional climate criteria • Reach of the project to date covers more than 3,700ha in 36 communities • Close to 100,000 shade tree seedlings have been planted • Yield increase of 15-30% resulting in an average income increase of 25% • Internal management systems developed • 15 selected teachers trained in climate education are now running environment clubs in 12 junior high schools • Climate risks and impacts assessed at community and farm level and activities to counter these are being put in place • Sustainable trading relationship developed • Project objectives align well with Ghana’s Forest Investment Plan, as region is a priority, and also FCPF and ISFL
  21. 21. WHAT WE LEARNED • Landscape C accounting = changes in C stocks can be assessed across all smallholder farmers • No repeated plot measurements needed = reduced cost • Potential to quantify C sequestered = opportunity to engage in insetting • Differentiation of cocoa system type = basis for management advice with regards to stocking densities of shade trees • Continued improvement of farming practices through follow up training = increased yields, improved livelihoods, better quality, enhanced resiliency • Replicable in other landscapes = rejuvenation and rehabilitation in Cote de Ivoire • Viable REDD+ pilot site = Help Ghanaian government achieve low carbon development, consistent with FCPF and ISFL 21
  22. 22. The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable livelihoods by transforming land-use practices, business practices and consumer behavior.

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