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WG3 release Ana Rios 16 apr 2014


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Meeting global food needs with lower emissions:
IPCC report findings on climate change mitigation in agriculture
A dialog among scientists, practitioners and financiers

April 16, 2014
World Bank, Washington, DC

Following the April 13th release of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Mitigation, including Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU), this event will provided an opportunity to listen to IPCC authors summarize their findings and for all participants to join in a dialog with practitioners and financiers to discuss actionable steps for mitigation in the agricultural sector.

The event was a joint effort of the World Bank, the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases, and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

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  • 1. Agriculture and Future Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean: Systemic Impacts and Potential Responses 1
  • 2. Relevance of LAC’s Agricultural Sector 2 Economic Social Climate • 5% of regional GDP (2012) • More than 50% share of total income among poor households in some countries • Agriculture, land use, land use change and forestry are the main source of emissions • Over 50% of worldwide exports of sugar, soybeans and coffee • 7 out of 10 agricultural units in almost all countries are family farms • Mitigation efforts affecting both land use and energy are essential to achieve climate stabilization goals
  • 3. Key Features • $300 billion aggregate agricultural output – Additional 31 million hectares placed into agriculture between 2001 and 2011 At the expense of – Reduction of natural and cultivated pastures as well as an increase in deforestation (70% of worldwide deforestation is in LAC) – 34% of cropland shows degradation • 90% is rain-fed but the sector accounts for 66% of water withdrawals • Potential for increases in productivity mostly among medium and small producers 3
  • 4. Climate Change Impacts • These impacts will put additional pressure over land and water resources as well as exacerbate existing development challenges – Increases in soil and air temperature – Decreases in soil moisture – Sea level rise – Changes in precipitation patterns – Increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events – Distribution of plants and animals – Phenology – Ecological interactions 4
  • 5. Potential Actions • Revise current agricultural policies to channel resources and promote a low carbon resilient agriculture – Risk management, value added, traditional knowledge, resilient varieties • Promote agricultural research and extension • Assist decision making with climate information services that target long-term trends • Leverage public, private and international funding to maximize benefits • Private sector participation 5
  • 6. Thank you Ana Rios Climate Change Specialist 11319/5806?locale-attribute=en 11319/456?locale-attribute=en 6