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Proposed research theme 1 To what extent is UPA a response to shocks that produce food insecurity in urban areas? What is UPA’s extent and does it change with shocks? Who does it and where is it done? What are the enabling conditions for it? How effective is it relative to other strategies? What is its potential for enhancement? What are its limitations?
Proposed research theme 2 How can UPA systems be made more resilient? Abiotic and biotic stresses to production systems Stresses to supply chain (transportation infrastructure, storage, markets) Novel opportunities for testing adaptation in UPA Knowledge exchange Networks and social capital
Proposed research theme 3 How might environmental services and impacts of UPA change in a warmer world? Water, land and food Source of nutrient rich foods (+) Use of waste as input (+) Dampening of storm impacts (+) Increased use of pesticides (-) Contamination of food, soil and water (-) Urban heat island effect
Possible locations for research Criteria Comparison of large coastal (near coastal) city and medium size inland city Proposed Ghana: Accra and Tamale Tanzania: Dar es Salaam and Dodoma Bangladesh: Dhaka and Rajshahi
What are gender dimensions of UPA to consider? Gender X Culture X Activity Intra- and inter-household food security in urban households Access to information, inputs, credit Remittances
What are relevant institutional, policy, and governance issues? Policy environment recognition of UPA beginning policies ignore or are detrimental to UPA Informal economy and informal services Access to land, water and other assets Food quality and safety
Going forward Link with experts African Food Security Urban Network Resource Centres on Urban Agriculture FAO’s urban agriculture programme UN Habitat CGIAR UrbanHarvestProgramme IHDP START’s nascent network