High level science-‐policy session ISP meeting, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 21-‐25 October 2012 How can CCAFS research contribute to improve the adaptive capacity to climate change in West Africa Robert Zougmoré Regional Program Leader CCAFS WA
2 • 3/21/11 outline1. CCAFS objectives2. CCAFS framework3. How can CCAFS program contribute? a) Diagnosing challenges, gaps and priorities for CC adaptation & mitigation b) Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders c) CCAFS WA: the go-to place for climate change, agriculture and food security in WA4. Conclusion
3 • 3/21/11 CCAFS objectives GOAL: To promote a food-secure world through the provision of science- based efforts that support sustainable agriculture and enhance livelihoods while adapting to climate change and conserving natural resources and environmental services 1. Identify and develop pro-poor adaptation and mitigation practices, technologies and policies for agriculture and food systems. 2. Support the inclusion of agricultural issues in climate change policies, and of climate issues in agricultural policies, at all levels.
4 • 3/21/11 The CCAFS Framework Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: Improved 1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Environmental Improved Change Health Rural 2. Adaptation through Managing Livelihoods Climate Risk Improved 3. Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Food Security 4. Integration for Decision Making Trade • Linking Knowledge with Action -offs a nd Sy • Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis nergie s and Planning • Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis Enhanced adaptive capacity in agricultural, natural resource management, and food systems
5 • 3/21/11 Place-based field work Indo- Gangetic Plains: There is risk of heatWest stress, meltingAfrica: East glaciers, and sea levelExtreme rainfall variability Africa: rise; the intensity andimpedes precipitation Climate change will likely probability of extremepredictions, but the Sahel intensify surface and events will likelywill likely experience groundwater stress. increase.shorter growing periods. Regional Program Regional Leader:Regional Program Leader: Leader : Pramod AggarwalRobert Zougmoré James Kinyangi
6 • 3/21/11 How CCAFS research program can contribute?
7 • 3/21/11Diagnosing challenges, gaps andpriorities for CC adaptation & mitigationAt Community levelq Baseline studies (HH, VBS and OBS) Partnership - NARSq M&E planning for PAR work - Extension - NGOs (climate smart villages) - Universities - Development partners - Private sector - CBOs - Local leaders Designed diversification Community Climate manageme services nt of resources Climate- smart village Capacity Weather building insurance Mitigation/ C seq
8 • 3/21/11Diagnosing challenges, gaps andpriorities for CC adaptation & mitigationAt Community levelq Baseline studies (HH, VBS and OBS)
9 • 3/21/11Diagnosing challenges, gaps andpriorities for CC adaptation & mitigationAt National level q Status & trends in Climate change adaptation and mitigation policy in agriculture • Understand current status and trends of projects, policies and other efforts at the national level to define priorities needs for research on CC adaptation and mitigation (contribution to NAP, NAMA, national communications) q Greenhouse gases quantification research experts (from countries) q Vulnerability of agriculture to CC (11 countries reports) • Implications for policies and strategies at the national level
10 • 3/21/11Diagnosing challenges, gaps andpriorities for CC adaptation & mitigationAt Regional levelMapping hotspots of climate change and food insecurity inthe global tropicsto identify areas that are food insecure and vulnerable to theimpacts of future climate change, across the priority regions Areas that will experience more than 5% reduction in LGP Coeffiicient of rainfall variation – mode is 21% for global tropics% area cropped
11 • 3/21/11 Diagnosing challenges, gaps and priorities for CC adaptation & mitigation At Regional levelActors in the present Development of scenarios • to explore key regional socio-economic and governance uncertainties for integrated FSEL • to use for strategic planning to explore the feasibility of Shared visions strategies, technologies and policies toward desired of the future futures for improved FSEL What challenges and opportuni6es do we face in each scenario as we try to get from our desired future to the present? Knowledge sharing and exchange platforms between Global researchers and policy-makers: adaptation to CC in agriculture Continent al • Platforms as think-tank for knowledge sharing and exchange on adaptation to climate change between Regional researchers and policy-makers: to feed into regional, continental and global levels National
12 • 3/21/11Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders Research tools (climate analogue tool) Strengthen the adaptive capacity of farmers and AIS to climate change using the farms of the future approach
13 • 3/21/11Strengthening the capacity of stakeholdersResearch tools (linking probabilistic & traditional seasonal forecasts toreduce climate risks)- strengthen the capacity of NHMS in forecasting- tailore climate information to the needs of farmers- 42 participants (NHMS) staff trained to produce seasonal forecasts (CILSS/ECOWAS countries andAgrhymet)− A special bulletin produced and disseminated- 140 participants (33 women) (farmers, extension and NGOs staff) trained in Ségou and Yatenga sites in understanding seasonal forecast information and make management decisions.- Evaluation of the seasonal forecast results with the farmers
14 • 3/21/11 Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders- Documenting indigenous practices for climate change adaptation & mitigation- Videos on best practices for climate change adaptation and mitigation (e.g video on gender and adaptation to CC)- Identifying social and cultural barriers to adoption
15 • 3/21/11 Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders Data and information sharing (agTrials)
Strengthening the capacity of stakeholders 16 • 3/21/11 Data and information sharing (AMKN) Food & Adaptation OngoingDescription Quick facts Climate & Impacts Mitigation Gender Tools/data Livelihood research Land use distribution Main crops and livestock Crop calendar 5.02% 3.48% 2.22% Food 11.05% Grazing 42.14% Trees 36.09% Aquaculture Degraded Other Climate-related crises in the past 5 years Households facing a climate crisis 88% Households receiving assistance 39% Source: FAO crop calendars Source of aid Government agencies (80%) Hunger/food shortage months Food security index 90 81% 80 • Only 1% of hh are food 70 secure all year long. 60 • Many households suffer a 50 shortage in the period from 40 March to May, which 30 corresponds to the time 20 17% when there is less food 10 available from on-farm 0% 0% 1% 0 sources. more than 6 hunger months/ 5-6 hunger months/ 3-4 hunger months/ 1-2 hunger months/ Food all year/No hungry period year Percent of household reporting hunger months throughout the year
17 • 3/21/11CCAFS program the “go-to place” forclimate change and food security relatedissues in the regionParticipation to major regional events (presentations, document sharing…)Regional platform for exchange between researchers & policy makers on adaptation to climate change (FARA, CORAF, Universities, ENDA, CSE, ECOWAS, ROPPA, CSOs…)Engage with ROPPA and its national platforms:• promote climate smart agriculture in West Africa• contribute to sound communication of up- to-date information (e.g. the PRESAO forecasting to ROPPA, public and private extension and companies)
18 • 3/21/11CCAFS WA: the go-to place for climate change, agriculture and food security Support to regional and national organizations/ NARS, CSE, AEDD, CONEDD, CNEDD…) and policies (RAIPs, NAIPs –CAADP, ECOWAP, Short-term capacity building: train people in the skills needed to institutions (ROPPA, AGRHYMET, INSAH, undertake the research, i.e. link capacity strengthening to the research priorities. Long-term capacity building: liaise with donors and others who can help develop curricula and provide graduate training (e.g. WASCAL). PAU…) Working relationships with major regional & national actors: (e.g. AGRHYMET-INSAH-CILSS) contribute to strengthen the capacity of these institutions - and their national partners RAIPs, NAIPs (CAADP/NEPAD): alignment CGIAR-CAADP: assist countries in translating investment plans into programs by, among others, mobilizing CGIAR competencies
19 • 3/21/11 CCAFS WA: the go-to place for climate change, agriculture and food security in WA • A website in French to share and disseminate outputs from CCAFS and partners’ works (publications, policy briefs, videos, blogs...) and to host the regional learning platform for exchange. Creating links with partners’ websites to allow mutual exchange and dissemination of information. • Media releases and interviews of partners (Radio-TV) on CCAFS related activities. • Communicating regularly lessons learnt from the PAR work and from regional and national platforms.
20 • 3/21/11CONCLUSIONCCAFS: a partnership program Reducing rural povertyEngagementCommittment Improving food securitySynergy Improving nutrition and health • • Research Policy-makers Sustainably managing • Farmers and CBOs, CSOs natural resources • Extension • Donors • Private sector • National and regional and international organisations • Universities, etc.
21 • 3/21/11 www.ccafs.cgiar.org firstname.lastname@example.org THANK YOU