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Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
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Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

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Presentation by Bruce Campbell, Director, CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). 4 May 2010.

Presentation by Bruce Campbell, Director, CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). 4 May 2010.

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    Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Presentation Transcript

    • Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Food SecurityBruce CampbellDirectorCGIAR Challenge Program on climate change (CCAFS)
    • Outline1. Some history 2. Why work on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security? 3. Proposed R for D program
    • 1. Some history• 2002-2003 – Inter-centre working group on climate change Nairobi meeting; Challenge Program proposal• 2006-2007 – ESSP-CGIAR prepared new proposal Stakeholder meetings, regional input Bali COP announced• 2009 • Funds: EU, CIDA, WB, Danida • Hired staff • Planning/implementation
    • And then……the New• Major reforms• All work to be conducted in “Mega Programs” (MPs)• Climate Change MP proposed (“MP7”)• CCAFS asked to lead development• CP likely to be rolled into MP
    • Our strategy• Make everything we do relevant to the new realities in the CGIAR • E.g. High-level meeting with private sector (don’t even mention CP – focus on climate change and food security)• Use on-going implementation to “test” the proposals in the MP concept
    • MP proposal development process• CCAFS Management Team meet (March)• GCARD – MP presented to diverse stakeholders (April)• CGIAR Contact Point Meeting (April)• Nairobi meeting (May) – What are the priorities? – Inputs into the implementation in the target regions
    • 2. Why a program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security?
    • Population Growth60-70% morefood by 2050
    • Climate is likely to change for the worse in many developing countries…………… Precipitation change (mm, 2000-2050) CSIRO, A2, AR4
    • The suitability for crops will decline in many areas……Andrew Jarvis, CIAT/CCAFS 2050
    • “Unchecked climate change will result in a 20 percentincrease in malnourished children by 2050”Gerald Nelson, IFPRI/CCAFS
    • We need• Agriculture and food systems that are climate- climate- resilient• Enhanced adaptive capacity
    • We also need a climate- friendly agriculture Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (Mt CO2-eq)Source: Cool farming: Climate impacts of agriculture and mitigation potential, Greenpeace, 07 January 2008
    • But there is also an opportunity……
    • 3. Proposed R4D program• Objectives • Regional• Beneficiaries implementation• Thematic focus • Partnerships • Capacity development
    • Proposed objectives• To provide diagnosis and analysis to ensure the inclusion of agriculture in climate change policies• To identify and develop pro-poor adaptation and pro-poor mitigation practices, technologies and policies
    • Resource-poor farmers
    • Global public good Urban poor 18
    • Climate Variability and Change ImprovedTechnologies, practices, Environmentalpolicies and capacity Benefitsenhancement: Improved1. Adaptation to Progressive ClimateChange Livelihoods2. Adaptation Pathways for Current ImprovedClimate Risk Trad Food Security3. Poverty Alleviaition through e-offMitigation s and syn ergie s 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Enhanced adaptive Strategic Choices capacity in agricultural, NRM & food systems
    • 1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
    • 1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation •Adapted farming systems for changing 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices climate conditions •Strategies for breeding for future climatic conditions •Genetic diversity for increased resilience and productivity
    • 1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices •Field-, farm- and community-level risk management strategies •Better management of food delivery, trade and crisis response•Climate-related information and services
    • •Impacts of agricultural development pathways •On-farm mitigation practices and their1. Adaptation to Progressive landscape-level implicationsClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for •Institutional arrangements and incentives Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
    • •Scenarios to help planning under uncertainty•Data and tools for analysis and planning 1.•Outcomes of policy, program and Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change technology options 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
    • Regionalimplementation20102010 2011 2011•West Africa•West Africa •2 more regions •2 more regions•Eastern Africa•Eastern Africa 2012 2012•Indo-Gangetic plains•Indo-Gangetic plains 25 •3 more regions •3 more regions
    • Partnerships for research and impact
    • ARIs Climate science that is meaningful for agricultural planning and developmentNARESNMS Civil society Private sector Regional organisations (ag & climate)
    • Climate Change,Water scarcity Agriculture and and land Food Security degradation Policies, Sustainable rice, Institutions, and wheat and maize Markets for Forests and Enabling systems for trees Agricultural ensuring global food security Incomes for the Poor
    • Capacity building mainstreamed into the delivery of outputs and outcomes• E.g. Build a PhD network to measure GHGs • E.g. Work together with national and regional agencies to inform UNFCCC
    • Photos: Neil Palmer, Peter Cooper, Jim Hansen