Proposed CGIAR Mega Program              Climate Change, Agriculture and                       Food SecurityBruce Campbell...
Outline1. Some history   2. Why work on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security?            3. Proposed R for D prog...
1. Some history• 2002-2003 – Inter-centre working group on  climate change Nairobi meeting; Challenge  Program proposal• 2...
And then……the New• Major reforms• All work to be conducted in “Mega Programs”  (MPs)• Climate Change MP proposed (“MP7”)• ...
Our strategy• Make everything we do relevant to the new  realities in the CGIAR   • E.g. High-level meeting with private s...
MP proposal development process• CCAFS Management Team meet (March)• GCARD – MP presented to diverse  stakeholders (April)...
2. Why a program on Climate Change,    Agriculture and Food Security?
Population Growth60-70% morefood by 2050
Climate is likely to change for the worse in many          developing countries……………                  Precipitation change...
The suitability for crops will decline in                   many areas……Andrew Jarvis, CIAT/CCAFS         2050
“Unchecked climate change will result in a 20 percentincrease in malnourished children by 2050”Gerald Nelson, IFPRI/CCAFS
We need• Agriculture and food systems that are climate-                                        climate-  resilient• Enhanc...
We also need a climate-                                                              friendly agriculture                 ...
But there is also an opportunity……
3. Proposed R4D program•   Objectives       • Regional•   Beneficiaries      implementation•   Thematic focus   • Partners...
Proposed objectives• To provide diagnosis and  analysis to ensure the  inclusion of agriculture in  climate change policie...
Resource-poor farmers
Global public good                     Urban poor                             18
Climate Variability and Change                                     ImprovedTechnologies, practices,           Environmenta...
1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change                  2 Adaptation Pathways for                                     ...
1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change                  2 Adaptation Pathways for                                     ...
1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change                   2 Adaptation Pathways for                                   ...
•Impacts of agricultural development                                           pathways                           •On-farm...
•Scenarios to help planning under                uncertainty•Data and tools for analysis and planning  1.•Outcomes of poli...
Regionalimplementation20102010                        2011                        2011•West Africa•West Africa            ...
Partnerships for research and impact
ARIs                               Climate science                               that is                               mea...
Climate Change,Water scarcity                       Agriculture and  and land              Food Security degradation      ...
Capacity building mainstreamed into the delivery of outputs and outcomes• E.g. Build a PhD  network to measure  GHGs      ...
Photos: Neil Palmer, Peter Cooper, Jim Hansen
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Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

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Presentation by Bruce Campbell, Director, CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). 4 May 2010.

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Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

  1. 1. Proposed CGIAR Mega Program Climate Change, Agriculture and Food SecurityBruce CampbellDirectorCGIAR Challenge Program on climate change (CCAFS)
  2. 2. Outline1. Some history 2. Why work on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security? 3. Proposed R for D program
  3. 3. 1. Some history• 2002-2003 – Inter-centre working group on climate change Nairobi meeting; Challenge Program proposal• 2006-2007 – ESSP-CGIAR prepared new proposal Stakeholder meetings, regional input Bali COP announced• 2009 • Funds: EU, CIDA, WB, Danida • Hired staff • Planning/implementation
  4. 4. And then……the New• Major reforms• All work to be conducted in “Mega Programs” (MPs)• Climate Change MP proposed (“MP7”)• CCAFS asked to lead development• CP likely to be rolled into MP
  5. 5. Our strategy• Make everything we do relevant to the new realities in the CGIAR • E.g. High-level meeting with private sector (don’t even mention CP – focus on climate change and food security)• Use on-going implementation to “test” the proposals in the MP concept
  6. 6. MP proposal development process• CCAFS Management Team meet (March)• GCARD – MP presented to diverse stakeholders (April)• CGIAR Contact Point Meeting (April)• Nairobi meeting (May) – What are the priorities? – Inputs into the implementation in the target regions
  7. 7. 2. Why a program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security?
  8. 8. Population Growth60-70% morefood by 2050
  9. 9. Climate is likely to change for the worse in many developing countries…………… Precipitation change (mm, 2000-2050) CSIRO, A2, AR4
  10. 10. The suitability for crops will decline in many areas……Andrew Jarvis, CIAT/CCAFS 2050
  11. 11. “Unchecked climate change will result in a 20 percentincrease in malnourished children by 2050”Gerald Nelson, IFPRI/CCAFS
  12. 12. We need• Agriculture and food systems that are climate- climate- resilient• Enhanced adaptive capacity
  13. 13. We also need a climate- friendly agriculture Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (Mt CO2-eq)Source: Cool farming: Climate impacts of agriculture and mitigation potential, Greenpeace, 07 January 2008
  14. 14. But there is also an opportunity……
  15. 15. 3. Proposed R4D program• Objectives • Regional• Beneficiaries implementation• Thematic focus • Partnerships • Capacity development
  16. 16. Proposed objectives• To provide diagnosis and analysis to ensure the inclusion of agriculture in climate change policies• To identify and develop pro-poor adaptation and pro-poor mitigation practices, technologies and policies
  17. 17. Resource-poor farmers
  18. 18. Global public good Urban poor 18
  19. 19. Climate Variability and Change ImprovedTechnologies, practices, Environmentalpolicies and capacity Benefitsenhancement: Improved1. Adaptation to Progressive ClimateChange Livelihoods2. Adaptation Pathways for Current ImprovedClimate Risk Trad Food Security3. Poverty Alleviaition through e-offMitigation s and syn ergie s 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Enhanced adaptive Strategic Choices capacity in agricultural, NRM & food systems
  20. 20. 1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
  21. 21. 1. Adaptation to ProgressiveClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation •Adapted farming systems for changing 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices climate conditions •Strategies for breeding for future climatic conditions •Genetic diversity for increased resilience and productivity
  22. 22. 1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices •Field-, farm- and community-level risk management strategies •Better management of food delivery, trade and crisis response•Climate-related information and services
  23. 23. •Impacts of agricultural development pathways •On-farm mitigation practices and their1. Adaptation to Progressive landscape-level implicationsClimate Change 2 Adaptation Pathways for •Institutional arrangements and incentives Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
  24. 24. •Scenarios to help planning under uncertainty•Data and tools for analysis and planning 1.•Outcomes of policy, program and Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change technology options 2 Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk 3. Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation 4. Diagnosis and Scenarios for Making Strategic Choices
  25. 25. Regionalimplementation20102010 2011 2011•West Africa•West Africa •2 more regions •2 more regions•Eastern Africa•Eastern Africa 2012 2012•Indo-Gangetic plains•Indo-Gangetic plains 25 •3 more regions •3 more regions
  26. 26. Partnerships for research and impact
  27. 27. ARIs Climate science that is meaningful for agricultural planning and developmentNARESNMS Civil society Private sector Regional organisations (ag & climate)
  28. 28. Climate Change,Water scarcity Agriculture and and land Food Security degradation Policies, Sustainable rice, Institutions, and wheat and maize Markets for Forests and Enabling systems for trees Agricultural ensuring global food security Incomes for the Poor
  29. 29. Capacity building mainstreamed into the delivery of outputs and outcomes• E.g. Build a PhD network to measure GHGs • E.g. Work together with national and regional agencies to inform UNFCCC
  30. 30. Photos: Neil Palmer, Peter Cooper, Jim Hansen

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