Priority AdAPtAtion And MitigAtion
Actions for Agriculture in the KnccAP
2013-2017
_______________________________________...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Background information
Role of Agriculture in the Economy of Kenya
• Food secur...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Climate Hazards in Kenya
• Temperature – reduction in the number of reliable cr...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Vulnerabilities in Kenya
• Poor state of natural resources and infrastructure –...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
The poverty/deprivation trap
From the works of: Robert Chambers (1983, 1999), B...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Climate Impacts in Kenya
Drought
• Loss KSh968.6 billion (USD 12.1 billion) in ...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Agriculture and GHG emissions
• Agriculture is a large source of GHG emissions....
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Responses to Climate Change in
Kenya’s agriculture sector
• Many interventions ...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
NCCAP Interventions in Agriculture – both for
adaptation and mitigation
• Water...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Links to enabling environment NCCAP
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Financial considerations in NCCAP
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Cumulative expenditure per sector on climate change
2005-2015
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Adaptation costings for a five year period as provided by sector
agencies
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Projected investment costs for priority mitigation
actions
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Recommended Actions – Resilience Pathways
• Research on ecological resilience a...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Way Forward
• Greater involvement of the private sector is needed
• Significant...
Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
Way Forward
Robert Chambers (1983)
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Priority adaptation and mitigation actions for agricultur​e in the National Climate Action Plan ( 2013 - 2017)

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National Discussions on Priority Adaptation and Mitigation Actions for Agriculture in the National Climate Change Action Plan 2013-2017

More information: http://ccafs.cgiar.org/national-adaptation-planning-event-agriculture#.UhcfJD-LKdk

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Priority adaptation and mitigation actions for agricultur​e in the National Climate Action Plan ( 2013 - 2017)

  1. 1. Priority AdAPtAtion And MitigAtion Actions for Agriculture in the KnccAP 2013-2017 ___________________________________________________ National Discussions Priority Adaptation and Mitigation Actions for Agriculture in the NCCAP 2013-2017 MoALF/CCAFS Workshop – Fairview Hotel Nairobi 23rd August 2013 ___________________________________________________ by Joab J. Langi Osumba National Project Co-ordinator Adaptation to Climate Change and Insurance
  2. 2. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Background information Role of Agriculture in the Economy of Kenya • Food security • Economic growth – directly contributes 24% of Kenya’s GDP, and and another 27% indirectly (2012 estimates). GDP - composition by sector: – agriculture: 24.2% – industry: 14.8% – services: 61% • Employment – the sector accounts for about 70% of informal employment in rural areas • Industrialization – supplies raw materials for industries • Trade – a market for industrial goods such as machinery, equipment and fertilizers used in the farming process • Foreign exchange – constitutes 40% of the export earnings
  3. 3. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
  4. 4. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
  5. 5. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Climate Hazards in Kenya • Temperature – reduction in the number of reliable crop growing days • Drought and dry spells – changes in precipitation patterns are likely to directly increase short-term crop failures and long-term production declines for rain-fed agriculture • Floods and excessive rains – unpredictability in precipitation is already having negative consequences on rural livelihoods • Salinization of soils and water due to saline intrusion/abstraction • Inundation of coastal lowlands due to sea level rise • Occurrence of windstorms and hailstones • Incidences of frost • Wildlife migrations • Insect pests, diseases • Invasive plants/weeds
  6. 6. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Vulnerabilities in Kenya • Poor state of natural resources and infrastructure – degraded • High dependence on climate sensitive livelihoods and value chains • Inflexible behavior in a changing environment • The poverty/deprivation trap
  7. 7. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance The poverty/deprivation trap From the works of: Robert Chambers (1983, 1999), Bryant Meyers (1999), Jayakamar Christian (1999). Vinay Samuel (2000) and Makonen Getu (2000)
  8. 8. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Climate Impacts in Kenya Drought • Loss KSh968.6 billion (USD 12.1 billion) in 2008-2011 period – Slowed down economic growth by an average of 2.8%/year during that period. • Resulted in a 16% reduction in the GDP in each of the 1998-99 and 1999-2000 financial years Floods • the 1997-98 El Nino floods are estimated to have caused damage at least equivalent to 11% of GDP • Crop production losses arising from reduced yields of – food crops – amounted to KSh69 billion – cash crops – amounted to KSh52 billion
  9. 9. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Agriculture and GHG emissions • Agriculture is a large source of GHG emissions. The sector is a large and growing GHG emitter, responsible for about 30 per cent of Kenya’s emissions in 2010, with about 90 per cent of these emissions generated by the livestock sub-sector • The sector also plays an important role in sequestering carbon in soil and trees on farms • The most significant reduction can be achieved through climate-smart agriculture approaches such as agroforestry • Many climate-smart agricultural practices that reduce climate vulnerability also reduce emissions and improve agricultural production potential
  10. 10. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Responses to Climate Change in Kenya’s agriculture sector • Many interventions – with direct and/or indirect relevance to climate change adaptation and mitigation • Enabling policy and regulatory framework – Planning and legislation for environmental management
  11. 11. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance NCCAP Interventions in Agriculture – both for adaptation and mitigation • Water harvesting for irrigation • Conservation agriculture • Value addition to agricultural products • Weather based crop insurance • Climate early warning information • Agroforestry • Cropland fire (burning) management • Enhanced financial and technical support to drought resistant crops • Enhanced agricultural and food value chain waste management systems
  12. 12. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Links to enabling environment NCCAP
  13. 13. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Financial considerations in NCCAP
  14. 14. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Cumulative expenditure per sector on climate change 2005-2015
  15. 15. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Adaptation costings for a five year period as provided by sector agencies
  16. 16. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Projected investment costs for priority mitigation actions
  17. 17. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance
  18. 18. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Recommended Actions – Resilience Pathways • Research on ecological resilience and livelihood diversification for sustainable agriculture • Initial and regular screening of farming community vulnerability to current climate – to prioritize response actions • Applied research – to generate climate adaptive farming practices • Innovative financial instruments – to promote adaptation (Mainstream climate resilience into agricultural finance and financial mechanisms for adaptation) – e.g. crop insurance • Capacity building for agro-meteorological information management and adaptive strategies • Provision of enabling environment for development of resilience pathways
  19. 19. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Way Forward • Greater involvement of the private sector is needed • Significant investments are required, especially in low carbon technologies • A series of barriers/constraints need addressing – such as funding for overhead/enabling interventions
  20. 20. Adaptation to Climate change and Insurance Way Forward Robert Chambers (1983)
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