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Greening Development:   Rio+ 20 and beyond
Things have changed since the early 1990s
An explosion in purchasing power–particularly in developing countries         Population:         +1.2 billion            ...
Greater wealth has led to greater consumption…         still dominated by rich countries                           30     ...
Substantial progress on social indicators, evenif much remains to be done     Poverty rate ($1.25/day)454035              ...
Much less progress on the environmental side           170                      Reduced air pollution from particulates, b...
Time to rethink our growth paradigm        Y=F (K, L, A, E)       with A=F(…E, Epol)
Trust in our ability to innovate and green atlow cost                                        EU                           ...
Green growth – a new emphasis withinsustainable development
Green growth – a new emphasis withinsustainable development
Why mightthis work now?
A rethinking of current growth paradigm Fragility and volatility…
Doubts on its ability to deliver from a social andhumanitarian point of view                               20             ...
And even more so from an environmental pointof view Rockström et al., Nature 2009
How to make it happen?
Get the prices right….            350            300            250            200billion $            150                ...
Technology transition…
Infrastructure transition— Today’s choices willlock in lifestyles, energy use, and vulnerability
Infrastructure transition— Today’s choices willlock in lifestyles, energy use, and vulnerability
Cities are growing fast….     Billions of people living in urban areas       4       3       2                            ...
Natural resource management transition   Loess plateau- before
Natural resource management transition   Loess plateau- after
Human capital transitionSource: World Development Report 2010 based on UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
Social capital transition
A green growth knowledge platform to focusour efforts around:                         Innovation                         G...
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Greening Development: Inger Andersen, 7 March 2011

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Presented by Inger Andersen at the Copenhagen Sustainability Lecture "Greening development: Moving towards Rio+20 and beyond", 7 March 2011. Inger Andersen has overall responsibility for the World Bank’s work in agriculture, climate change, the environment, energy, transport, urban development, social development, and water supply and sanitation.

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Transcript of "Greening Development: Inger Andersen, 7 March 2011"

  1. 1. Greening Development: Rio+ 20 and beyond
  2. 2. Things have changed since the early 1990s
  3. 3. An explosion in purchasing power–particularly in developing countries Population: +1.2 billion GDP per capita: +80% GDP: +$5.5 trillion (+130%)
  4. 4. Greater wealth has led to greater consumption… still dominated by rich countries 30 25Constant 2000 $ trillion High income countries 20 Low & middle income countries 15 10 5 0 2009 1992 2009
  5. 5. Substantial progress on social indicators, evenif much remains to be done Poverty rate ($1.25/day)454035 But 918 million people still -445 million people30 expected to live in poverty25 -453 million by 201520 people1510 5 0 1990 2005 2015
  6. 6. Much less progress on the environmental side 170 Reduced air pollution from particulates, but massive increase in GHGs…. 150 130 110 90 70 50 1993 1994 1992 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 PM10, country level CO2 emissions
  7. 7. Time to rethink our growth paradigm Y=F (K, L, A, E) with A=F(…E, Epol)
  8. 8. Trust in our ability to innovate and green atlow cost EU regulation in the power EPA Dinoseb sector ban EU IPPC Directive EU Nitrates Directive EPA phase-out of leaded gas EPA SO2 Ozone reductions Depleting (Phase 1) Substances EU packaging phase-out waste Directive(Harrington et al. 2000), Oosterhuis (2006)
  9. 9. Green growth – a new emphasis withinsustainable development
  10. 10. Green growth – a new emphasis withinsustainable development
  11. 11. Why mightthis work now?
  12. 12. A rethinking of current growth paradigm Fragility and volatility…
  13. 13. Doubts on its ability to deliver from a social andhumanitarian point of view 20 36 64 80
  14. 14. And even more so from an environmental pointof view Rockström et al., Nature 2009
  15. 15. How to make it happen?
  16. 16. Get the prices right…. 350 300 250 200billion $ 150 necessary, non sufficient… 100 50 0 Consumption Cost of support Subsidies to fossil to renewable fuels energy
  17. 17. Technology transition…
  18. 18. Infrastructure transition— Today’s choices willlock in lifestyles, energy use, and vulnerability
  19. 19. Infrastructure transition— Today’s choices willlock in lifestyles, energy use, and vulnerability
  20. 20. Cities are growing fast…. Billions of people living in urban areas 4 3 2 Urban 1 0 1950 1970 1990 2010 2030
  21. 21. Natural resource management transition Loess plateau- before
  22. 22. Natural resource management transition Loess plateau- after
  23. 23. Human capital transitionSource: World Development Report 2010 based on UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
  24. 24. Social capital transition
  25. 25. A green growth knowledge platform to focusour efforts around: Innovation Green Economic & Environmental Growth Efficiency Risks Platform Jobs & Poverty
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