Led by

From Mono- to Transdisciplinary Research – The
Case of Climate Change and Food Security
Professor em.
Thomas Rossw...
Changing
interdisciplinarity

Led by

•  1957-1958: International Geophysical Year; geophysical
disciplines	

•  1964-1974...
Led by

Mono-, multi-, inter-, and
transdisciplinarity:
We must understand the
differences, and we need
them all

26	
  No...
Global change and food research
4	


2009-2021	

2001-2011	


?	


1992-2003	


World Science Forum	


26 November 2013
Led by

Ecological, social and economic sustainable
development are not three equal pillars
Social development is the goal...
The big disconnect

Led by

Development
Poverty increases vulnerability
to global change.

Global Change
Global change can...
Led by

The big disconnect

Development and global change
have been addressed, researched,
and funded as unrelated issues....
Future Earth – From yesterday to tomorrow
Global
8	


TOMORROW

Business
As Usual

D4GΔ
Development for
Global Change

Glo...
Led by

The big challenges
We need to respond to the challenges posed by
the big disconnects by:
•  Changing what we resea...
CCAFS – a collaborative initiative

2009	

2013	


World Science Forum	


10	


26 November 2013
Co-design and coproduction

26	
  November	
  2013	
  

Led by

World	
  Science	
  Forum	
   Source: Mauser et al., COSUS...
The CCAFS challenge
Whole food
systems
	

Food security

Climate
variability

Climate
change
Incremental
World Science For...
World Science Forum	


13	


26 November 2013
Global	


Providing
context,
inputs,
interpretation

scenarios, modelling, analysis	


Regional	

scenarios, modelling, an...
New partnerships are essential
In the past ...	


15	


Scientists	


•  Governments	

•  Farmers	


Increasingly and in t...
Impact pathways

World Science Forum	


16	


26 November 2013
Led by

Climate smart
villages

26	
  November	
  2013	
  

World	
  Science	
  Forum	
  

17
A prioritization
process for CSA

Led by

Climate	
  smart	
  agriculture	
  
•  Key principle of the process is to make i...
Liderado por

Proposed approach

19	


World Science Forum	


1 January 2013
26 November 2013
Agriculture	
  makes	
  it	
  
to	
  center	
  stage	
  

Led by

•  CCAFS has been facilitating
Ag Day at the COPs from
C...
Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth
Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth
Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth
Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth
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Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth

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This presentation discusses the development from Mono - to Transdisciplinary Research – The Case of Climate Change and Food Security. Thomas Rosswall, Chair of CCAFS Independent Science Panel, makes references to CCAFS and Future Earth work. Learn more about CCAFS: www.ccafs.cgiar.org

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Presentation by Thomas Rosswall 2013 Future Earth

  1. 1. Led by From Mono- to Transdisciplinary Research – The Case of Climate Change and Food Security Professor em. Thomas Rosswall, Chair, Independent Science Panel CGIAR-Future Earth Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   1
  2. 2. Changing interdisciplinarity Led by •  1957-1958: International Geophysical Year; geophysical disciplines •  1964-1974: International Biological Programme; biological disciplines •  1980 - : Global Change Research Programmes; initially physics, chemistry and biology •  2001 - 2012 : Earth System Science Partnership; natural and social sciences •  2005: Combining Global Change and Development Research; Krusenberg workshop •  2012 - 2022: Future Earth 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   2
  3. 3. Led by Mono-, multi-, inter-, and transdisciplinarity: We must understand the differences, and we need them all 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   3
  4. 4. Global change and food research 4 2009-2021 2001-2011 ? 1992-2003 World Science Forum 26 November 2013
  5. 5. Led by Ecological, social and economic sustainable development are not three equal pillars Social development is the goal, ecological sustainability provides the boundary conditions and economy is a tool. Thus, social sciences is an indispensable component of any research endeavour addressing sustainable development. 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   5
  6. 6. The big disconnect Led by Development Poverty increases vulnerability to global change. Global Change Global change can increase vulnerability to poverty. 26 November 2013 World Science Forum 6
  7. 7. Led by The big disconnect Development and global change have been addressed, researched, and funded as unrelated issues. Business as usual 26 November 2013 World Science Forum 7
  8. 8. Future Earth – From yesterday to tomorrow Global 8 TOMORROW Business As Usual D4GΔ Development for Global Change Global Change Siloed Integrated Business As Usual Development Research Local World Science Forum From Sara Farley, then at The World Bank, Krusenberg 26 November 2013
  9. 9. Led by The big challenges We need to respond to the challenges posed by the big disconnects by: •  Changing what we research; participatory •  Changing how we research it; interdisciplinary •  Changing how we fund research; link science and development funding agencies However, there is no applied science if there is no science to apply! 26 November 2013 World Science Forum 9
  10. 10. CCAFS – a collaborative initiative 2009 2013 World Science Forum 10 26 November 2013
  11. 11. Co-design and coproduction 26  November  2013   Led by World  Science  Forum   Source: Mauser et al., COSUST, 2013 11
  12. 12. The CCAFS challenge Whole food systems Food security Climate variability Climate change Incremental World Science Forum adaptation Adaptation Synergies and trade-offs Mitigation Transformational adaptation 26 November 2013
  13. 13. World Science Forum 13 26 November 2013
  14. 14. Global Providing context, inputs, interpretation scenarios, modelling, analysis Regional scenarios, modelling, analysis Evaluating options •  Incomes •  Food security •  Livelihoods •  Trade-offs Landscape/Community scenarios, modelling, analysis Household modelling, analysis World Science Forum 14 26 November 2013
  15. 15. New partnerships are essential In the past ... 15 Scientists •  Governments •  Farmers Increasingly and in the future ... •  Farmers Scientists •  Private sector •  Civil society •  Governments ... with participatory agenda setting. World Science Forum 26 November 2013
  16. 16. Impact pathways World Science Forum 16 26 November 2013
  17. 17. Led by Climate smart villages 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   17
  18. 18. A prioritization process for CSA Led by Climate  smart  agriculture   •  Key principle of the process is to make it stakeholder driven, and participatory •  Simple enough to be implemented in 3-4 months for a country •  Robust enough to allow differential levels of detail in the analysis, depending on capacity, time and resource constraints 26  November  2013   World  Science  Forum   18
  19. 19. Liderado por Proposed approach 19 World Science Forum 1 January 2013 26 November 2013
  20. 20. Agriculture  makes  it   to  center  stage   Led by •  CCAFS has been facilitating Ag Day at the COPs from Copenhagen, with

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