Lessons	  on	  best	  prac-ce	  for	  climate	    smart	  agriculture	  from	  ARDD	  3	  	       Presented	  by	  James	 ...
Today	  at	  ARDD	  2011	  1. The	  Challenges	  2. Who	  is	  most	  at	  risk?	  3. What	  climate	  smart	  agriculture...
The	  Challenges	  • Weather:	  $7.5	  billion	  lost	  to	  extreme	  	    events	  in	  2010	  • Waste:	  1.3	  billion	...
Who	  is	  most	  at	  risk?	        Smallholders	  and	  Rural	            communi-es	  •  Every	  year	  climate-­‐relat...
What	  is	  climate	  smart	  agriculture	  •  Sustains	  the	  health	  of	  the	  land	  and	       increases	  produc-v...
Evidence	  of	  Success	  in	  CSA	  •  Niger	  >5	  million	  ha	  regenerated	  500,000	           tonnes	  of	  cereals...
Is	  science	  enough?	                             	  	  •  Integra-ng	  local	  and	  scien-fic	  knowledge	     is	  a	 ...
Partnerships	  maOer	  •  Climate	  smart	  agriculture	  produces	       climate	  smart	  products	  -­‐	  labels	  can	...
Markets	  maOer	  •  Linking	  carbon	  financing	  to	  reduce	  	     barriers	  that	  restrict	  farmers’	     opportun...
Reducing	  risks	  •  $1	  invested	  in	  insurance-­‐for-­‐     work	  results	  in	  at	  least	  three	       -mes	  t...
Mi-ga-on	  funding	  –	  the	  icing	  on	  the	  cake?	  •  Its	  best	  to	  focus	  funds	  on	  increasing	  yields	  ...
Gecng	  Policy	  and	  Finance	  Right	  •  Voice	  of	  the	  communi-es	  must	  be	     given	  opportunity	  to	  influ...
Our	  Ac-ons	  •  Use	  evidence	  on	  what	  works	  to:	     Ø Help	  change	  agriculture	  policies	     Ø Develop	...
Regional	  ac-on	  •  Example	  of	  Africa:	      –  AU/NEPAD	  climate	  smart	         agriculture	  under	  CAADP	    ...
Global	  ac-on	  •  Agriculture	  and	  food	  security	     central	  to	  UNFCCC	  agreements	  •  Agriculture	  at	  th...
Thank	  	  you!	  
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Lessons on best practice for climate smart agriculture from Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2011

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Synthesis of key lessons and messages from Agriculture and Rural Development Day, held in Durban on 3 December 2011 in Durban, South Africa.

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Lessons on best practice for climate smart agriculture from Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2011

  1. 1. Lessons  on  best  prac-ce  for  climate   smart  agriculture  from  ARDD  3     Presented  by  James  Nyoro   Managing  Director,  Africa  Region,   Rockefeller  Founda6on    
  2. 2. Today  at  ARDD  2011  1. The  Challenges  2. Who  is  most  at  risk?  3. What  climate  smart  agriculture   delivers:   •  Resilience   •  Food  Security  and  Incomes   •  GHG  Reduc-on  4. How  to  make  the  investments   and  policy  changes  to  take   climate  smart  agriculture  to  scale  5. Respond  to  the  call  for  ac-on  -­‐ the  whiskey  boOle  on  the  table   Photo  credits:  Palmer/CIAT    
  3. 3. The  Challenges  • Weather:  $7.5  billion  lost  to  extreme     events  in  2010  • Waste:  1.3  billion  tonnes  of  food  wasted   each  year  • Water:  884  million  people  lack  clean   water  • Land:  1.5  billion  depend  on  degrading   Millions  of  pwater  &ave  no  access   to  clean   eople  h  electricity   land    • Poverty:  1.4  billion  live  on  <$1.25/day  • Hunger:  1  billion  are  hungry  • Over  consump-on:  1  billion  obese  • Future:  How  to  feed  extra  1  billion   people  by  2025  • Climate  change:  Makes  this  all  harder   Over  20%  of  food  purchased  in   developed    countries  is  wasted   Photo  credits:  1.  Howle>/University  of  Leeds  –  2.  Anon    
  4. 4. Who  is  most  at  risk?   Smallholders  and  Rural   communi-es  •  Every  year  climate-­‐related   disasters  affect  >200  million   people  cos-ng  over  $70  billion   90%  of  economic  losses  in  Africa  are   from  droughts,  floods,  and  storms  •  87%  of  households  in  3  SA   countries  slide  in  and  out  of   hunger  when  exposed  to  shocks   Add    one  more   photo  to  match  •  Shocks  (drought/disease)   bullets   increase  vulnerability  and  asset   ownership  at  household  level   Ethiopia  children  born  in  disaster   are  41%  more  likely  to  be  stunted   Photo  credits:  1.  Howle>/University  of  Leeds  –  2.  Scripture/World  food  Programme  
  5. 5. What  is  climate  smart  agriculture  •  Sustains  the  health  of  the  land  and   increases  produc-vity    •  Does  not  pollute,  degrade  land  or     Farmer  in  Burkina  Faso  with  good   loss  of  forests  and  biodiversity   harvest  using  plan6ng  pits    •  Delivers  food,  fibre,  fuel,  incomes,   nutri-on,  carbon  sequestra-on  and   reduces  GHG  emissions     Farmers  produce  what  we  need   Photo  credits:  1.  CGIAR  Challenge  Programme  on  Water  and  Food  2.  CIMMYT      
  6. 6. Evidence  of  Success  in  CSA  •  Niger  >5  million  ha  regenerated  500,000   tonnes  of  cereals  per  year,  beneficng  1.25   Add  three  photos   million     to  match  bullets    •  Evergreen  agriculture  improves  yields  by   30-­‐150%    •  160,000  Zambian  farmers  are  using   Faidherbia  parklands  in  Niger   conserva-on  agriculture    •  Burkina  Faso  farmers  are  using  water   harves-ng  to  restore  land  and  increase  yields      •  Denmark  has  reduced  agriculture  emissions  by   54%  since  1990  and  increased  produc-on.     CA  has  doubled  Sinoya    Phiris  yields   in  Zambia     Photo  credits:  1.  ICRAF  –  2.  Bafana/IPS        
  7. 7. Is  science  enough?      •  Integra-ng  local  and  scien-fic  knowledge   is  a  essen-al  for  weather  forecasts  to  be   used  by  farmers  •  WMO  ac-vely  working  with  pastoralists    •  In  Tanzania  under  a  project  95%  of   Farmers  using  par6cipatory  methods  to   integrate  local  and  scien6fic  knowledge   farmers  used  weather  informa-on  by   using  science  &  local  knowledge    •  There  is  evidence  for  demand  –  in  a   survey  80%  of  Kenyan  farmers  said  they   would  pay  for  informa-on   Ethiopian  woman  reading  rain  gauge   Photos  credits:    1.  Rambaldi/CTA  –  2.  Oxfam  America      
  8. 8. Partnerships  maOer  •  Climate  smart  agriculture  produces   climate  smart  products  -­‐  labels  can   take  these  to  markets     Cafédirect    products  •  Dryland  Seed  Ltd  is  using  seed   from  the  KARI  to  produce  and   distribute  drought  resistance   maize   Ø 1800  farmers  and  800  agro-­‐ dealers  trained  in  seed   mul-plica-on   Ruth  Musila  used  drought  resistant   maize  and  did  not  lose  her  crop   Photo  credits:  1.  Cafédirect  -­‐  2.  Dryland  Seed  Ltd/CIMMYT/KARI/AGRA      
  9. 9. Markets  maOer  •  Linking  carbon  financing  to  reduce     barriers  that  restrict  farmers’   opportuni-es   Danish  farmers  are  producing  20%  of   the  country’s  renewable  energy  •  Partnerships  can  remove   obstacles  to  input/output   markets,  and  enhance  smallholder   investment   Markets  and  crucial  to  the  lives  of   women  in  Tanzania   Photos:    and  Elverfeldt/Zagst/FAO    
  10. 10. Reducing  risks  •  $1  invested  in  insurance-­‐for-­‐ work  results  in  at  least  three   -mes  the  value  in  Ethiopia    •  This  has  led  to  uptake  from  200   When  drought  hits  safety  nets  help  build   to  13,000  HH  in  three  years  and   the  resilience  of  communi6es   has  paid  out  to  1,800  HH    •  Index  based  insurance  to   80,000  smallholder  farmers  in   Mali  and  Burkina  Faso   Armyworms  are  a  major  pest  and  risk   to  farmers  –  insurance  can  reduce  risk   Photo  credits:  1.  World  Bank  –  2.  Mushobozi    
  11. 11. Mi-ga-on  funding  –  the  icing  on  the  cake?  •  Its  best  to  focus  funds  on  increasing  yields   rather  than  cash  payments    •  2500  farmers  adopted  in  Kenya  without  cash   incen-ves   Terraces  and  compos6ng  deliver  higher  •  Extension  services  need  to  work!   yields  and  sequester  carbon  •  Kenyan  farmers  have  seen  yields  increase  by   15-­‐30%,  and  >20,000  farmers  are  prac-cing     climate  smart  agriculture   Ø  We  have  the  methods  to  do  this  verified   by  VCS  that  can  be  scaled  up   Kenyan  farmers  are  already  benefi6ng  •  Carbon  financing  needs  to  be  augmented     from  mi6ga6on  funding   Photos:  World  Food  Programme    
  12. 12. Gecng  Policy  and  Finance  Right  •  Voice  of  the  communi-es  must  be   given  opportunity  to  influence  policy  •  Water  policies  need  to  shiq  towards   small-­‐scale  technologies    •  Policies  should  be  designed  for  the   smallholders,  risk  reduc-on  and  the   We  need  to  give  voice  to  people  like   landscape   Tekleweini  Girmay  and  her  family  •  Climate  financing  needs  to  work  for   smallholders  and  be  combined  with   private  &  public  financing  •  Involvement  of  commercial  banks  &   insurers  are  key  to  increase  finance  •  Extension  services!   Climate  smart  means  landscape  smart   Photos:  Jansson/Oxfam  America  and  Howle>/University  of  Leeds  
  13. 13. Our  Ac-ons  •  Use  evidence  on  what  works  to:   Ø Help  change  agriculture  policies   Ø Develop  climate  smart   agriculture  programmes   Ø Invest  in  climate  smart   We  need  to  get  to  the  safe  space   agriculture   Ø Work  with  others  to  deliver   change  (e.g.  Forestry)   Ø Undertake  new  research   informed  by  CSA  smart   progress  indicators   Its  up  to  us   Photo  credits:    Palmer/CIAT    
  14. 14. Regional  ac-on  •  Example  of  Africa:   –  AU/NEPAD  climate  smart   agriculture  under  CAADP   –  RECs:  e.g.  COMESA  work  on   conserva-on  agriculture   Kenyan  farmers  using  Moneymaker   pump  for  more  sustainable  agriculture   –  Tanzania  Kilimo  Kwanza   –  Focussed  research  thro’   sub-­‐regional  research  orgs   Irriga6on  
  15. 15. Global  ac-on  •  Agriculture  and  food  security   central  to  UNFCCC  agreements  •  Agriculture  at  the  heart  of  green   growth  and    Rio+20  •  G20  to  increase  focus  on  food   security  and  climate  smart   agriculture   Mexico 2012 Photos:  ICRAF  and      
  16. 16. Thank    you!  
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