How	  can	  rainwater	  management	  help	   support	  smallholder	  farmers’	  ability	  to	  adapt	  to	  climate	  vari...
Learning	  Event	      Objec>ve	              	  •  To	  demonstrate	  the	     value	  of	  inves>ng	  in	     rainwater	...
Rainfed	  farming	  at	  risk	  	  Dependence on igreen and blue limate	  variability	         from	   ncreasing	  c water...
Per	  capita	  water	  storage	  in	  cubic	  meters	  in	      human-­‐made	  reservoirs	  by	  con>nent…	  	            ...
Climate	  smart:	  adapta>on,	  mi>ga>on	  and	  livelihoods	     start	  with	  rain,	  manage	  for	  variety	  of	  liv...
Consider	  A	  Range	  of	  Agricultural	  Water	            Management	  Op>ons	  Fish, Livestock, Crops,Ecosystem Services
Rainwater	  Management	         •  It	  is	  about	  capturing,	  storing,	            managing	  and	  increasing	       ...
Collec.ve	  ac.on	                                                     Capturing	  water	  	                              ...
Inves.ng	  in	  Watershed	  Management	  	  	  Upstream-­‐downstream	  linkages	  	  (Irriga.on)	  
Market	  Incen.ves:	  Rainwater	  harves.ng	  with	  high	  value	  crops	                                                ...
Need	  to	  think	  beyond	  crop	  produc.on	  §    Feed	  quality;	  reduce	  methane	        emissions	  §    Integra...
Policy Implications..    •  Investment	  priority	  towards	         landscape	  rainwater	  management,	         water	  ...
 	  	  	                        Policy Implications..                                       	  	  •  	  Policy	  geared	  ...
Bus	  Stops	  on	  Successful	  Examples	  •  Objec>ves	     –  Present	  successful	  examples	        of	  small	  scale...
Successful	  Examples	  1.  Zai	  pits	  for	  in	  situ	  water	      management:	  Mathias	  Fosu	      (Back	  of	  Roo...
Process	  •  2	  rounds	  of	  bus	  stops	  x	  15	  minutes	  •  Presenters	  will	  present	  for	  5-­‐6	     minutes	...
Learn	  more	  at	  •  CPWF	  website	  Hip://www.waterandfood.org	     –  More	  on	  rainwater	  management:	  	     –  ...
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Learning Event No 9, Session 2, From Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

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How can rainwater management help support food production and smallholder farmers’ ability to adapt to climate variability and change? Presentation from the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food Security (CPWF) from learning event number 9, session 2, Room G. How can Rainwater management help support smallholder farmers' ability to adapt to climate variability and change

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Learning Event No 9, Session 2, From Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

  1. 1. How  can  rainwater  management  help   support  smallholder  farmers’  ability  to  adapt  to  climate  variability  and  change?    
  2. 2. Learning  Event   Objec>ve    •  To  demonstrate  the   value  of  inves>ng  in   rainwater   management  to   strengthen  adap>ve   capacity  of   smallholder  farmers    
  3. 3. Rainfed  farming  at  risk    Dependence on igreen and blue limate  variability   from   ncreasing  c water 2000
  4. 4. Per  capita  water  storage  in  cubic  meters  in   human-­‐made  reservoirs  by  con>nent…      …but  large  dams  are  not  the  only  op>on,  nor  a  sufficient  op>on,  for  climate  smart  agriculture  
  5. 5. Climate  smart:  adapta>on,  mi>ga>on  and  livelihoods   start  with  rain,  manage  for  variety  of  livelihood   strategies  and  landscape  niches     4/02/2011  ILRI  Campus,   Water  and  Agriculture  Share  Fair   ETHIOPIA    
  6. 6. Consider  A  Range  of  Agricultural  Water   Management  Op>ons  Fish, Livestock, Crops,Ecosystem Services
  7. 7. Rainwater  Management   •  It  is  about  capturing,  storing,   managing  and  increasing   produc>vity  of  water     •  It  can  rehabilitate  landscapes   under  scenarios  of  increasing  or   decreasing  rainfall  and  increased   climate  variability.     •  It  can  be  decentralized,  adaptable,   inexpensive,  relevant  to  large   areas  of  lands  currently  being  used   for  rainfed  agriculture.  
  8. 8. Collec.ve  ac.on   Capturing  water     In  landscapes       Managing  landscapes    yield  more  water   Rainwater  Management   Systems     More  Food  /    More  Income  /  Resilient      Ins.tu.ons!    Ins.tu.ons!       Storing  water  Ins.tu.ons!     Improved  WP    
  9. 9. Inves.ng  in  Watershed  Management      Upstream-­‐downstream  linkages    (Irriga.on)  
  10. 10. Market  Incen.ves:  Rainwater  harves.ng  with  high  value  crops   10  
  11. 11. Need  to  think  beyond  crop  produc.on  §  Feed  quality;  reduce  methane   emissions  §  Integrate  livestock  into  wider   development  agenda  (e.g.   irriga>on;  watershed   management);  §  Watering  points  in  closer   distances    (>  35%  milk  yield);  §  Limit  conversion  of  range  to   annual  croplands;  C  sequestra>on  §  Maximize  transpira>on  at  the   expense  of  evapora>on  (feed);  §  Market  Incen>ves  
  12. 12. Policy Implications.. •  Investment  priority  towards   landscape  rainwater  management,   water  storage;   •  Strengthening  /  Building  local   ins.tu.ons  (byelaws/  religious   organiza.ons/    WUA);   •  Facilitate  informa.on  flow  /   technologies  using  local  channels;   •  Policy  commitment  to  link   development  with  ecosystem   services  -­‐  Water;       12  
  13. 13.         Policy Implications..    •   Policy  geared  towards  climate-­‐sensi.ve  systems      (Agriculture  /  wetlands  /  water  towers)  and   vulnerable  communi.es;      •  Na.onal  government  investments  favoring  small   storage  structures  •  Cross-­‐boundary  hydrological  planning  /   watershed  management;  (drought  and  flood   monitoring  and  informa.on  system;  coping   strategies);     13  
  14. 14. Bus  Stops  on  Successful  Examples  •  Objec>ves   –  Present  successful  examples   of  small  scale  Rainwater   management     –  Get  feedback  on  how  these   can  go  to  scale  
  15. 15. Successful  Examples  1.  Zai  pits  for  in  situ  water   management:  Mathias  Fosu   (Back  of  Room)  2.  Groundwater  u>liza>on:   Deborah  Bossio  (Outside  lec)  3.  Landscape  water  management:   Enyew  Adgo  (Inside  front)  4.  In-­‐field  rainwater  harves>ng:   Jacobus  Botha  (In  the  corner   outside)  
  16. 16. Process  •  2  rounds  of  bus  stops  x  15  minutes  •  Presenters  will  present  for  5-­‐6   minutes  on  the  innova>on,  why   successful  and  its  limita>ons   –  Discussion  :  “How  can  we  bring  the   innova>on  to  scale”     –  Try  to  balance  number  of  people   in  each  bus  stop  •  Acer,  come  back  to  synthesize  key   messages  and  how  RWM  approaches   can  be  beier  integrated  into  regional   and  na>onal  debates    
  17. 17. Learn  more  at  •  CPWF  website  Hip://www.waterandfood.org   –  More  on  rainwater  management:     –  hip://waterandfood.org/page/News-­‐and-­‐Events/ news:83    •  IWMI  website:  www.iwmi.org  
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