Learning Event No 11, Session 2. Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

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Building Resilience to Climate Change and Increase Food Security Through Scaling up Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration. Presentation from Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011. Learning Event number 11, Session 2, Room C. Presented by Abasse , How the Niger Republic is building resilience of farmers to climate change and increasing food security.

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Learning Event No 11, Session 2. Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

  1. 1. BUILDING RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGEAND INCREASE FOOD SECURITY THROUGHSCALING UP FARMER MANAGED NATURALREGENERATION
  2. 2. •  CONTEXT:    •  A  «  PERFECT  STORM  IS  BREWING  »    •  >  Temperatures  will  increase  (2-­‐3°  C?)  Ø Rainfall  will  become  more  erraMc  Ø Soil  ferMlity  is  depleMng  Ø Crop  yields  will  decline    (  -­‐  20%?)  Ø PopulaMon  will  double  in  20  years    
  3. 3. Drought in the 1970sand 1980s …
  4. 4. •  SOME  CHALLENGES:  •  HOW  TO  REDUCE  TEMPERATURES  ?  •  HOW  TO  INCREASE  THE  QUANTITY  OF   WATER  AVAILABLE  TO  PEOPLE,  CROPS  AND   LIVESTOCK?  •  HOW  TO  FEED  A  GROWING  POPULATION?    
  5. 5. Vegetation reduces soil Vegetation reduces sand blasttemperatures and protects crops
  6. 6. REHABILITATION OF BARREN LANDTechniques simples Zaï Demi lunes 1990 Impacts importants 2004Piliostigma reticulatum Combretum glutinosum
  7. 7.   Contour stone bunds increase water available to plants and induce rainfall and runoff to infiltrate
  8. 8. In Batodi water levels in wells increased about 14 min 10 years enabling women to start vegetablegarden
  9. 9. Half moons used to rehabilitate degradedland are becoming increasingly popular
  10. 10.    REACTIONS IN THE 1980s TO THE CRISIS Niger Story: More People, More TREES 5 MILLION HA  
  11. 11. WHERE ARE THE RE-GREENINGSUCCESSES?
  12. 12. Farmer-­‐managed  natural  regenera.on   in  Niger  •  5,000,000  ha  re-­‐greened  in  20  years  (only   labour  for  protec.on,  investment  in   extension,  no  recurrent  costs  to  governments)  •  200  million  new  trees  •  addi.onal  cereal  produc.on/year:  500,000   ton  •  2.5  million  people  fed  •  1.25  million  rural  households  involved    
  13. 13. New agroforestry parklands in Zinder(about 1 million ha) dominated byFaidherbia Albida
  14. 14. IMPROVED SOIL FERTILITY AND INCREASE IN FODDER PRODUCTION  
  15. 15. What induced farmers to protect and manage   on-farm natural regeneration?            Rehabilitated field in 1988 The same field in 2008; this farm family has been food secure since they began rehabilitation
  16. 16. TREES PERMIT LOW COSTAGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION
  17. 17. LIVESTOCK IS INCREASINGLY CONTROLLED AND DEPENDS SIX MONTHS/YEAR ON TREE FODDER  
  18. 18. THE RURAL POOR SURVIVEON TREES AND HAVE HIGHERTREE DENSITIES
  19. 19. Impact on biodiversity:this was barrenland in 1985
  20. 20. More fodder, more water : reductionin conflicts between herders andfarmers
  21. 21. Strong reduction in time required for collectionof firewood
  22. 22. NEW VILLAGE INSTITUTION FOR TREE MANAGEMENT  New village committees   were established to ensure that:Action plans are developed collectively;•  Rules for management of FMNR are shared and respected by all villagers (+ sanctions enforced in case of non respect)  
  23. 23. OTHER REASONS FOR THE SUCCESS OF FMNR  •  Inclusion of youth in village committee activities•  Technical simplicity and cost effectiveness•  Replicability•  Low cost agricultural intensification•  Increased drought resilience•  Establishment of wood markets requiring membership and adherence to community endorsed regulations for wood harvesting  
  24. 24. CONCLUSION:      •  FARMERS  IN  PARTS  OF  THE  SAHEL  HAVE  •  ADAPTED  TO  CLIMATE  CHANGE  AND  HAVE    •  BUILT  MORE  COMPLEX  AND    •  DROUGHT-­‐RESILIENT  FARMING  SYSTEMS  •  HOW  TO  SCALE  UP  EXISTING  SUCCESSES?    •  HOW  TO  DEVELOP  AGROFORESTRY  VALUE  •  CHAINS?    

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