Learning Event No 8, Session 2 from Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011
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Learning Event No 8, Session 2 from Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011

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How can mitigation funding benefit smallholders’ food security and build climate resilience. Learning Event 8, Session 2, Room A. Agriculture and Rural Development Day.

How can mitigation funding benefit smallholders’ food security and build climate resilience. Learning Event 8, Session 2, Room A. Agriculture and Rural Development Day.

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Learning Event No 8, Session 2 from Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (KACP) Features and lessons learned By Amos Wekesa, Vi AgroforestryAmos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 2. Win-Win-Winscenario In KACP it is evident that mitigation finance provide significant incentives to leverage agricultural investments that generate: 1)  productivity increases, 2)  reduction/removal of greenhouse gases and 3)  increased climate resilience. Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 3. Area characteristics!   Western Kenya (Kitale & Kisumu)!   3% population growth!   80% of population are farmers!   25% of children below 5yrs are underweight!   Average land size owned is around 1ha!   90% of populations use firewood or charcoal for cooking food every day!   Around 50% of smallholders live on less than 1USD/day Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 4. Implementation status 2011 and key features !  30field officers providing advisory services !  20,262 farmers adopting SALM (target 60,000) !   9,656 hectare under SALM (target 45,000)!  1,122 groups recruited (target 3,000) !   598 groups contracted Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 5. KACP and Climate Smart Agriculture•  For mitigation of land degradation and greenhouse gases•  For adaptation to climate variability -  Terraces -  Water retention ditches -  Residue management -  Mulch -  Composting -  Controlled grazing -  Crop rotation -  Cover crops -  Improved fallows -  Nitrogen fixing trees intercropped Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 6. KACP – save space and secure food !   >80% smallholders (Farmsize: 0.7 ha in Kisumu; 1.1 ha in Kitale) !   Multi-functionality of agroforestry •  Ecosystem services •  Hign productivity •  Food security •  Sustainability •  Resilient landscape !   For every hectare put into agroforestry alternatives, five to ten hectares can be saved (ICRAF). !   Diversification of a farming system is very important in case weather or market is unreliable or if pests attack the products. !   Agroforestry diversifies the timing of production so that farmers do not receive their entire year’s income at one time. Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 7. Holistic approach in KACPSALM=SustainableAgricultural and Landuse Management FEDFED: FarmEnterpriseDevelopment SALM VS&LAVS&LA: VillageSavings and LoanAssociations Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 8. Methodology developmentKey  methodology  features:  !    Generic  and  can  be  scaled  up    !    Model  approach  with  ac:vity-­‐based  monitoring  !    The  model  is  4-­‐5  cheaper  than  soil  sampling,  minimizing  transac:on  costs  and  helps  farmers  to  reach  their  objec:ves  !    Long-­‐term  research  in  Kenya  confirms  model  applicability  !    Non-­‐soil  modules  (using  approved  CDM  AR  methodologies  for  tree  carbon)  !    Methodology  submiLed  to  Verified  Carbon  Standard  (VCS):   Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 9. KACP – precision in MRV Database Farm polygon GIS KML filesAmos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 10. KACP and food security Percent of household s experiencing increased food security due to SALM 60% KACP shows yields increased by 15 – 30 % 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2009 2010 2011Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 11. Trees on agricultural landis increasing Avg no of trees on cropland 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2009 2010 2011 Source: Vi Agroforestry (2011)Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 12. Conclusion/Recommendations!   KACP show that carbon payments can be well integrated into projects promoting sustainable agricultural development!   Extension and advisory services prerequisite for successful implementation and needs more attention and funding!   Bottom up and participatory approaches gives best results!   Carbon finance should leverage climate smart agriculture!   Training and capacity building for project entities is essential!   Merge adaptation and mitigation funding!   Combine financing from public and private sources Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban
  • 13. Amos Wekesa, Vi Agroforestry COP17, Durban