Learning Event No 7, Session 1, From Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) 2011
COP 17 Durban, South Africa 28th Nov. – 9th Dec.2011 Agriculture and RuralDevelopment Day (AARD) 3 rd Dec.2011 Prof. Henry Mahoo (PhD) Sokoine University of Agriculture Morogoro, Tanzania
Project title : Managing risk, reducing vulnerability and enhancing agricultural productivity under a changing climate in the Greater Horn of Africa
Project outputs• To enhance the overall information base• To develop and avail Decision aides that support strategic and tactical decision making• To assess the impacts of climate change on vulnerability of agricultural systems• To enhance the operational and technical capacity of national institutions
Partner Ins*tu*ons (9) • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia• National Meteorological Agency (NMA), Ethiopia• Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD), Kenya• International Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kenya• University of Nairobi (UoN), Kenya• Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Sudan• Sudan Meteorological Authority (SMA), Sudan• Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania• Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA), Tanzania•
Collabora*ng Ins*tu*ons (11) Ø Eastern-Shore Zone Bureau of Agriculture, District of Meki, EthiopiaØ Western-Hararge Bureau of Agriculture, District of Miesso, EthiopiaØ Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Machakos, KenyaØ Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), KenyaØ Ministry of Agriculture, Kitui, Mwingi, and Mutomo Districts, KenyaØ Gedarif State Ministry of Agriculture, SudanØ Higher Council of Natural Resources and Environment, SudanØ District Agricultural Development Office (DALDO), Same District, TanzaniaØ District Council, Same, TanzaniaØ Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives (MAFC), TanzaniaØ Same Agricultural Improvement Programme (SAIPRO), Tanzania
RESULTS:Some set of technologies assembled• core team of experts to collect, repackage and disseminate weather forecasts using sms technology.• the tool is still in the testing stage by Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA) and selected group of farmers.
WAHIP-C Planter developed in Sudan • The project designed and developed planters that are being used for in-situ water harvesting practice for both crops and trees. The planters have gained popularity among farmers as well as other stakeholders in Sudan
Increased productivity • In project sites in Ethiopia, use of improved farm implements have helped to save time and labor for farmers and improved yields of maize from 0.8 tons/per ha to over 6.1 tons/ha
Mean grain yield of maize (q/ha) from differentstrategies averaged over 7 sites at Meki, Ethiopia 2010
In Tanzania• The comparisons of crop yields indicate a significant increase (at 10% level) in maize yield among project participants since the project intervened. Maize was the primary crop in the project processes including the FFS where farmers tested and integrated best risk- proofing technologies and weather forecasts.
Maize yield levels during baseline and now betweenproject and non-project farmers - Tanzania
Sustainability and scale-up. capacity building Three women, one each from Kenya, Sudan and Ethiopia undertook MSc. training in climate change research issues under the project. The graduate level training for women helped to broaden the capacity of women expertise in relation to climate change adaptation in agriculture. Moreover, purposeful selection of farmer field schools with climate information resulted in enhanced capacity among the women who are more vulnerable to minimize climate related negative impacts in their livelihoods.
Sustainability• In Kenya, seasonal climate information is now considered as substantive agenda at Provincial and District Agriculture Committees. Capacity of researchers in Meteorological Departments and Agriculture Research and Extension agents in downscaling climate forecasts to local scales has also increased in all the participating countries.
Sustainability• In Sudan the Gedarif State Ministry of Agriculture (GSMA) fabricated additional four more of the planter developed by the project and were operated in four different pilot farms for training farmers. Farmers have started to fabricate their own planters at local workshops and are using them for farm operations. The GSMA is planning to hold a series of training workshops for the local artisans on the fabrication of WaHIP planter
Sustainability In Tanzania,• The CORE TEAM work of collecting, repackaging and disseminating weather forecasts has been integrated into the Same District Agricultural Development Plans annual budgets
Acknowledgement The work reported here was supported by the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa (CCAA) program, a joint initiative of Canada s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the United Kingdom s Department for International Development (DFID).