EcoAgriculture Partners Institutional Innovations for Engaging African Smallholder Farmers in Agricultural Carbon Projects...
EP is engaged in a research activity, ask questions? <ul><li>1. Understand which institutional structures and operations e...
Local Context <ul><li>Partner projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CARE Western Kenya AFOLU Project  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Criteria for Institutional Performance  <ul><li>Projects evaluated on the basis of three over-arching institutional perfor...
Specific challenges <ul><li>Devolving project management responsibility: the case of Humbo Integrated Forest Regeneration ...
Other specific challenges <ul><li>Converting government forestry programmes into carbon finance projects; the case for add...
Solutions being implemented <ul><li>Institutional learning approaches (PARs); </li></ul><ul><li>Training that targets tech...
THANKS....
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EcoAgriculture Partners – Institutional Innovations for Engaging African Smallholder Farmers in Agricultural Carbon Projects

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From CCAFS Communicating Carbon Workshop in Nairobi, Kenya in October.

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  • The objective of this research is to develop institutional baselines for seven agricultural carbon projects in order to understand institutional features of the projects and their contribution to performance in achieving climate and livelihood benefits, and to lay the foundation for cross-site analysis. Specifically, we will him to:
  • EcoAgriculture Partners – Institutional Innovations for Engaging African Smallholder Farmers in Agricultural Carbon Projects

    1. 1. EcoAgriculture Partners Institutional Innovations for Engaging African Smallholder Farmers in Agricultural Carbon Projects Moses Masiga Communicating Carbon Workshop 12-14 October 2011 Nairobi, Kenya
    2. 2. EP is engaged in a research activity, ask questions? <ul><li>1. Understand which institutional structures and operations enable agricultural carbon projects to produce significant carbon offsets at reasonable price with significant benefits for farmers, </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>2. Enable the projects engaged in the study, and others, to improve their institutional performance </li></ul>
    3. 3. Local Context <ul><li>Partner projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CARE Western Kenya AFOLU Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cocoa Carbon Initiative (CCI) Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humbo Natural Regeneration Project (World Vision) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Small Group Tree Planting Programme (TIST) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees for Global Benefits Program (ECOTRUST) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nile Basin Reforestation Project (NFA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Kenya Smallholder Agricultural Carbon Project (Vi Agroforestry) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Criteria for Institutional Performance <ul><li>Projects evaluated on the basis of three over-arching institutional performance criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to sequester and reduce significant amounts of GHGs and the verification of this process, </li></ul><ul><li>Effective, efficient management capacity that can be sustained over times, and adaptability to local and global changes in C finance policy and practice, </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to generate adequate financial flows, cost-effectively, and to ensure sustainable benefits to farmers. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Specific challenges <ul><li>Devolving project management responsibility: the case of Humbo Integrated Forest Regeneration Project; </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting poor farmers, and the land tenure problems – Example of TIST-Kenya; </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon rights and inheritance, especially for new areas – Examples for Nature Harness Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Gender: would changes in practices better or worse for women or the poorer members of the community (depending on labor requirements, women’s trees vs. men’s trees) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Other specific challenges <ul><li>Converting government forestry programmes into carbon finance projects; the case for additionality, permanence – Example of the National Forestry Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Low reliability of leakage, permanence, additionality and effects on carbon revenue – Plan Vivos, TIST Kenya; </li></ul><ul><li>Effective demand locally ECOTRUST Uganda sells less than 0.5% of its credits within the country – educating companies on their contributions to GHGs when SSA as a whole contributes abt 4%; </li></ul>
    7. 7. Solutions being implemented <ul><li>Institutional learning approaches (PARs); </li></ul><ul><li>Training that targets technical staff in government; </li></ul><ul><li>Trying out different carbon trading mechanisms, several times and learning restrictions and limitations; </li></ul><ul><li>Locally adaptable regulatory arrangements – examples of Ethiopia - Land held in trust by government and Uganda – decentralisation of land tenure services </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting low prices to start with and improving on quality of VERs </li></ul><ul><li>Others...... </li></ul>
    8. 8. THANKS....

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