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Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
Does secure land tenure save forests?
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Does secure land tenure save forests?

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A review of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation. Presentation by Brian E.obinson, …

A review of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation. Presentation by Brian E.obinson,
Margaret B. Holland and Lisa Naughton-Treves.

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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  • Test for marginal effects of multiple factors influencing forest outcomes (including tenure form/security)3 models: controls for tenure security, form, geographic region, + interaction terms
  • Test for marginal effects of multiple factors influencing forest outcomes (including tenure form/security)3 models: controls for tenure security, form, geographic region, + interaction terms
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    • 1. Does secure land tenure save forests? A review of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation <br />Brian E. Robinson, PhD<br />Margaret B. Holland, PhD<br />Lisa Naughton-Treves, PhD<br />
    • 2. Tenure Security & Carbon Biomass Density<br />Source: Bruce et al 2010<br />
    • 3.
    • 4. Does secure land tenure help conserve forests? <br />
    • 5. Null hypotheses<br />There is no association between the form of land tenure and the likelihood of deforestation.<br />There is no association between the security of land tenure and the likelihood of deforestation.<br />
    • 6. Tenure Terminology<br />Land tenure*:<br />The set of institutions and policies that determine how the land and its resources are accessed, who can hold and use these resources, for how long and under what conditions. <br />Theform of land tenure:<br /> the rules and norms associated with any number of entities (individual, a common-property arrangement, etc)<br />The security of land tenure:<br /> the assurance that land-based property rights will be upheld by society. <br />* USAID 2008; Bruce et al. 2010<br />
    • 7. Meta-analysis of empirical literature<br />Explicit link between land tenure form/security and forest conditions (preference for RS studies)<br />Challenge of spatially-explicit data on land tenure<br />39 publications selected (100 original)<br />83 independent sites, 131 analyses<br />
    • 8. Meta-analysis results: tenure form<br />(a) Africa<br />(b) Central America<br />(c) South America<br />
    • 9. Meta-analysis results: tenure security<br />(a) Secure tenure<br />(b) Insecure tenure<br />
    • 10. Meta-analysis results<br />Probit results (marginal effects) on positive forest outcome <br />* p < 0.10; ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01 <br />Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered by publication.<br />
    • 11. Meta-analysis results: regression results<br />Tenure security has positive effect on forests (improves probability by 40%, ave. effects)<br />Protection indicates higher likelihood of positive outcomes (40-50%, relative to private lands)<br />Effects of public vs. private vs. communal land not significant (until account for Africa)<br />Increased likelihood of negative outcomes for forests on communal lands in Africa <br />
    • 12.
    • 13. Meta-analysis Limitations(or: what future studies should avoid doing)<br />Conflation of communal and customary tenure<br />Endogeneity between location characteristics and chosen form of tenure <br />Little dynamic analysis (so time-varying characteristics are not often controlled for)<br />Contextual issues, especially factors that determine the security of tenure, are often murky<br />
    • 14. Key Lessons for Emissions at the Forest-Farm Interface<br />Clarifying tenure security seems more important than addressing any specific bundle of rights<br />Studies must be clear about their use of tenure terms, definitions and context<br />Tenure plays a role, but land use decision-making is embedded in larger social, political and economic systems<br />Tenure reform slow, political process. Local negotiation and buy-in key.<br />
    • 15. Acknowledgements<br />Jessica Long, Marty Pfeiffer, Lisa Maas, Nicole Mathews, Emily Matson, Daniel Bromley, Kelly Wendland, Susana Lastarria-Cornhiel, Matthew Turner, Lauren Persha and Kurt Brown <br />

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