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Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction
 

Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction

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What practical steps can smallholder farmers take to adapt their agriculture to secure the food supply? And might those mitigate emissions? In a search for answers the CGIAR Research Program on ...

What practical steps can smallholder farmers take to adapt their agriculture to secure the food supply? And might those mitigate emissions? In a search for answers the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is working with a vast range of partners to test an assortment of interventions in ‘climate-smart villages’. http://ccafs.cgiar.org/climate-smart-villages

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    Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction Presentation Transcript

    •               Climate   Smart   Villages   Community   approach  to   adapta6on   and   mi6ga6on  
    • Why  adapt  in   agriculture?   Rice in India •  82 million tonnes •  The first food offered a new-born baby How  will  rice  yield  be  impacted by  climate  change?  
    • Yield,   percent     30   2020 adaptation 2050 adaptation 25   20   15   10   5   0   -­‐5                          Rice                          WWheat heat                        MMaize aize   -­‐10   -­‐15   -­‐20   2050 impact 2020 impact Source:  Naresh  Kumar  et  al.  2013  
    • Similar conclusions for wheat and maize Yield,   Change   percent   in  y  ield,   percent   30   2020 adaptation 2050 adaptation 25   20   15   10   5   0   -­‐5                          Rice   Rice                        Wheat   Wheat                      Maize   Maize -­‐10   -­‐15   -­‐20   2050 impact 2020 impact Source:  Naresh  Kumar  et  al.  2013   4
    • Adapta<on   Food   security   Mi<ga<on   Objectives in climate-smart villages? 5
    • Key components    Climate           Climate   Smart   Informa<on   Technologies   Services   Climate  Smart   Village   Village   Development   Plans   Local   Knowledge   and   Ins<tu<ons   6
    • Typical Partners Ø Farmer groups Ø Buyers Ø Input suppliers Ø Rural ICT company Ø Insurance company Ø Meteorological agency Ø Local governments Ø Researchers 7
    • Farmers Participatory Planning and Implementation is the Key 8
    • Can carbon be put into the soil and not into the air? 9
    • What technologies lighten the load for women? 10
    • Weatherbased Agroadvisories Ø Short range weather forecasts Ø Information: pests, fertilisers, market prices Ø Cell phones, radio, local newspapers, TV 11
    • weather  index   for  a  crop  in   an  area   technological   innova9ons  to   generate   weather  data   Agriculture Insurance Company of India 12 million farmers & 40 different crops insured 12
    • Capacity Strengthening of Farmers 13
    • Involving the youth 14
    • Scaling -out and -up Climate Smart Villages 15
    • Key Interventions in a Climate-Smart Village CLIMATE SMART VILLAGE Weather   smart   • Weather   forecasts   • ICT  based   agro-­‐ advisories   • Index  based   insurance   • Climate   analogues   Water   smart   • Aquifer  recharge   • Rainwater   harves9ng   • Community   management  of   water   • Laser  leveling   • On-­‐farm  water   management   Carbon   smart   • Agroforestry   • Conserva9on   9llage   • Land  use   systems   • Livestock   management   Nitrogen   smart   • Site  specific   nutrient   management   • Precision   fer9lizers   • Catch  cropping  /   legumes   Energy   smart   • Biofuels   • Fuel  efficient   engines   • Residue   management   • Minimum  9llage   Knowledge   smart   • Farmer-­‐farmer   learning   • Community  seed   and  fodder  banks   • Market  info   • Off-­‐farm  risk   management   16
    • Key Interventions in a Climate-Smart Village CLIMATE SMART VILLAGE Weather   smart   • Weather   forecasts   • ICT  based   agro-­‐ advisories   • Index  based   insurance   • Climate   analogues   Water   smart   • Aquifer  recharge   • Rainwater   harves9ng   • Community   management  of   water   • Laser  leveling   • On-­‐farm  water   management   Carbon   smart   • Agroforestry   • Conserva9on   9llage   • Land  use   systems   • Livestock   management   Nitrogen   smart   • Site  specific   nutrient   management   • Precision   fer9lizers   • Catch  cropping  /   legumes   Energy   smart   • Biofuels   • Fuel  efficient   engines   • Residue   management   • Minimum  9llage   Knowledge   smart   • Farmer-­‐farmer   learning   • Community  seed   and  fodder  banks   • Market  info   • Off-­‐farm  risk   management   17
    • Outputs/Pathways Policy  impacts   Informed   Capacity   scien9fic   enhancement   research   Policy  analysis/   engagement   and   communica<on   Models  and   data   Par<cipatory   research  and   capacity   building   •  •  Activities Partners Farmers   Policy  makers   Policy  makers   Policy   akers   Village  leaders   mmakers   Policy   Met  agencies   Input  suppliers   •  •  Outcomes   Enhanced  adapta<on  plans   Technology  targeted  at   climate  resilience   Improved  early  warning   and  social  safety  nets   Carbon  management  for   18 improved  soils  
    • Where are CCAFS Climate-Smart Villages 19
    • Neil Palmer ccafs.cgiar.org/climatesmart-villages   sign  up  for  blogs  and  news  e-­‐bulle9ns    TwiTer:    @bcampbell_CGIAR   @cgiarclimate   20