Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction

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What practical steps can smallholder farmers take to adapt their agriculture to secure the food supply? And might those mitigate emissions? In a search for answers the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is working with a vast range of partners to test an assortment of interventions in ‘climate-smart villages’. http://ccafs.cgiar.org/climate-smart-villages

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Climate-Smart Villages: an Introduction

  1. 1.               Climate   Smart   Villages   Community   approach  to   adapta6on   and   mi6ga6on  
  2. 2. Why  adapt  in   agriculture?   Rice in India •  82 million tonnes •  The first food offered a new-born baby How  will  rice  yield  be  impacted by  climate  change?  
  3. 3. Yield,   percent     30   2020 adaptation 2050 adaptation 25   20   15   10   5   0   -­‐5                          Rice                          WWheat heat                        MMaize aize   -­‐10   -­‐15   -­‐20   2050 impact 2020 impact Source:  Naresh  Kumar  et  al.  2013  
  4. 4. Similar conclusions for wheat and maize Yield,   Change   percent   in  y  ield,   percent   30   2020 adaptation 2050 adaptation 25   20   15   10   5   0   -­‐5                          Rice   Rice                        Wheat   Wheat                      Maize   Maize -­‐10   -­‐15   -­‐20   2050 impact 2020 impact Source:  Naresh  Kumar  et  al.  2013   4
  5. 5. Adapta<on   Food   security   Mi<ga<on   Objectives in climate-smart villages? 5
  6. 6. Key components    Climate           Climate   Smart   Informa<on   Technologies   Services   Climate  Smart   Village   Village   Development   Plans   Local   Knowledge   and   Ins<tu<ons   6
  7. 7. Typical Partners Ø Farmer groups Ø Buyers Ø Input suppliers Ø Rural ICT company Ø Insurance company Ø Meteorological agency Ø Local governments Ø Researchers 7
  8. 8. Farmers Participatory Planning and Implementation is the Key 8
  9. 9. Can carbon be put into the soil and not into the air? 9
  10. 10. What technologies lighten the load for women? 10
  11. 11. Weatherbased Agroadvisories Ø Short range weather forecasts Ø Information: pests, fertilisers, market prices Ø Cell phones, radio, local newspapers, TV 11
  12. 12. weather  index   for  a  crop  in   an  area   technological   innova9ons  to   generate   weather  data   Agriculture Insurance Company of India 12 million farmers & 40 different crops insured 12
  13. 13. Capacity Strengthening of Farmers 13
  14. 14. Involving the youth 14
  15. 15. Scaling -out and -up Climate Smart Villages 15
  16. 16. Key Interventions in a Climate-Smart Village CLIMATE SMART VILLAGE Weather   smart   • Weather   forecasts   • ICT  based   agro-­‐ advisories   • Index  based   insurance   • Climate   analogues   Water   smart   • Aquifer  recharge   • Rainwater   harves9ng   • Community   management  of   water   • Laser  leveling   • On-­‐farm  water   management   Carbon   smart   • Agroforestry   • Conserva9on   9llage   • Land  use   systems   • Livestock   management   Nitrogen   smart   • Site  specific   nutrient   management   • Precision   fer9lizers   • Catch  cropping  /   legumes   Energy   smart   • Biofuels   • Fuel  efficient   engines   • Residue   management   • Minimum  9llage   Knowledge   smart   • Farmer-­‐farmer   learning   • Community  seed   and  fodder  banks   • Market  info   • Off-­‐farm  risk   management   16
  17. 17. Key Interventions in a Climate-Smart Village CLIMATE SMART VILLAGE Weather   smart   • Weather   forecasts   • ICT  based   agro-­‐ advisories   • Index  based   insurance   • Climate   analogues   Water   smart   • Aquifer  recharge   • Rainwater   harves9ng   • Community   management  of   water   • Laser  leveling   • On-­‐farm  water   management   Carbon   smart   • Agroforestry   • Conserva9on   9llage   • Land  use   systems   • Livestock   management   Nitrogen   smart   • Site  specific   nutrient   management   • Precision   fer9lizers   • Catch  cropping  /   legumes   Energy   smart   • Biofuels   • Fuel  efficient   engines   • Residue   management   • Minimum  9llage   Knowledge   smart   • Farmer-­‐farmer   learning   • Community  seed   and  fodder  banks   • Market  info   • Off-­‐farm  risk   management   17
  18. 18. Outputs/Pathways Policy  impacts   Informed   Capacity   scien9fic   enhancement   research   Policy  analysis/   engagement   and   communica<on   Models  and   data   Par<cipatory   research  and   capacity   building   •  •  Activities Partners Farmers   Policy  makers   Policy  makers   Policy   akers   Village  leaders   mmakers   Policy   Met  agencies   Input  suppliers   •  •  Outcomes   Enhanced  adapta<on  plans   Technology  targeted  at   climate  resilience   Improved  early  warning   and  social  safety  nets   Carbon  management  for   18 improved  soils  
  19. 19. Where are CCAFS Climate-Smart Villages 19
  20. 20. Neil Palmer ccafs.cgiar.org/climatesmart-villages   sign  up  for  blogs  and  news  e-­‐bulle9ns    TwiTer:    @bcampbell_CGIAR   @cgiarclimate   20

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