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CGIAR reform and approaches to climate smart innovations that ensure farmer needs are incorporated & addressed in research

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Mehmood Hassan and Patti Kristjanson of ICRAF and CCAFS respectively presented a paper titled "CGIAR reform and approaches to climate smart innovations that ensure farmer needs are incorporated & …

Mehmood Hassan and Patti Kristjanson of ICRAF and CCAFS respectively presented a paper titled "CGIAR reform and approaches to climate smart innovations that ensure farmer needs are incorporated & addressed in
research" at the ITAACC Final International Workshop, (ICIPE) Nairobi May 8-9, 2014.


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  • 1. CGIAR reform and approaches to climate smart innovations that ensure farmer needs are incorporated & addressed in research Mehmood Hassan & Patti Kristjanson ICRAF & CCAFS Bridging the gap between agricultural research and farmers practice ITAACC Final International Workshop, ICIPE, Nairobi May 8-9, 2014
  • 2. CGIAR Centers IFPRI, USA CIMMY, Mexico CIAT, Columbia ICRAF, Kenya ILRI, Kenya ICARDA, Jordan Biovarsity, Italy ICRISAT, India IWMI, Sri Lanka WorldFish, Malaysia CIFOR, Indonesia IRRI, Philippines CIP, Peru AfricaRice, Benin Major drivers of CG reforms were a) top-down nature of innovation design; b) the perceived lack of fit between innovations developed and the uptake by users; and b) poor integration of NARES and other development players into CGIAR Research
  • 3. CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) • Agriculture for Nutrition and Health • Aquatic Agricultural Systems • Policies, Institutions and Markets • Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) • Forests, Trees and Agroforestry • Water, Land and Ecosystems • Dryland Systems • Humidtropics • Dryland Cereals • Grain Legumes • Livestock and Fish • Maize • Rice (GRiSP) • Roots, Tubers and Bananas • Wheat • Genebank
  • 4. CCAFS (and other CRPs) Approach Embracing the key “Linking Knowledge with Action” Lessons and Principles (essentially the Feldafing Principles): • Strategic partnerships and inclusive engagement processes • Joint learning and co-design of solutions • Co-developing research questions and approaches with farmers • Gender transformative approaches • Innovative communication for scaling out • Nested impact pathway development with partners and M&E for tracking and achieving joint outcomes
  • 5. Cap Dev. Gend er IDO1: Enhanced food security IDO2: Benefits to women and marginalised groups IDO3: Enhanced adaptive capacity to climate risks IDO5: Reduced GHGs and forest conversion Partners 1. CSA Alliance, World Bank, IFAD, Climate Finance Orgs, Ministries 2. World Vision, National Meteorological Agencies, Disaster Risk Agencies, Insurance Agencies 3. IIASA, FAO, Global Research Alliance for Agricultural GHGs 4. Food security and climate adaptation agencies, GFAR, CFS Multiple local partners (e.g. NARES, CARE, Vi, Mediae, PROLINNOVA, National Insurance Company of India) Flagship 2: Climate – information services and climate-informed safety nets Flagship 3: Low emissions development Flagship 4: Policies and institutions for climate resilient food systems Flagship 1: Climate –smart agricultural practices IDO4: Policies supporting climate- resilient agriculture 1&3: CSA Alliance, World Bank, IFAD, Green Climate Fund, Prolinnova, climate finance orgs, agriculture, envir, other ministries 2: World Vision, National Meteorological Agencies, Disaster Risk Agencies, Insurance Agencies Working with partners to make it happen Working with partners to collect the evidence and change opinions and worldviews Working with partners to understand what works Partners Partners
  • 6. A key CG gender research challenge with respect to climate smart agriculture We need to understand the differences in the needs and preferences and assets (financial, human capital, etc) – of men, women and youths – that facilitate or impede their adoption of new technologies, innovations & practices. It is these new practices (e.g. improved soil, water, agroforestry, crop, livestock management) that will make them more resilient to a changing climate.
  • 7. Innovative approaches and partnerships for inclusive scaling out • Farm reality TV show targeting and informing East Africa women, men and youth on climate-smart agriculture technologies • Testing new large-scale, inclusive crowdsourcing approaches • Mobile-phone based equitable irrigation advisory services • Female and youth-targeted climate and ag information services • Participatory farmer-led videos sharing perceptions, knowledge and adaptation strategies
  • 8. Approaches for inclusive scaling out, cont’d M&E: Training in gender impact pathway analysis and M&E strategies with partners Identifying context-driven, appropriate tools, capacity strengthening and jointly generating new evidence (with development partners) • e.g. Many research institutions/CRPs working together on the development of improved gender-climate change research tools • Local partner trainings with development partners in 5 CCAFS regions and joint implementation of these new methods and approaches ccafs.cgiar.org/gender
  • 9. Exploring Social Learning Approaches across the CG and elsewhere To understand what social learning approaches can offer the sciences of adaptation and mitigation, we need to assemble an appropriate evidence base – CCAFS has launched a ‘call to action’ in Nature Climate Change for researchers all over the world to contribute their case studies, using a common framework for evaluation - http://ccsl.wikispaces.com/ NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2014 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange
  • 10. Thank you! Questions?