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Coffee, Cocoa, Climate Change Community = C5


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Presentation from CCAFS Science Workshop, Bonn, 11th June 2011

Presentation from CCAFS Science Workshop, Bonn, 11th June 2011

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  • 1. Coffee, Cocoa, Climate Change Community = C5or C5AFS
  • 2. Background
    Mayor source of GDP in developing countries
    Dominantly cultivated by smallholders
    Mayor income source for millions of farmers
    Grown in mixed systems with food/tree crops
    Links farmers to global markets, strongly organized value chain
    Linked to key environmental services
    Carbon, biodiversity, water, nutrient cycling
    Long lead time for adaptation and
    Highly sensitive systems
    Adaptation potential through shade management
  • 3. Why C5
    Cocoa key system in humid lowlands and coffee in humid highlands
    Fills important agro-ecosystem gap in CCAFS
    Dominant annual crops and livestock
    Analyze mitigation/adaptation trade-offs at different scales
    Opportunity to build on existing expertise and data sets
    Private sector and supply chain relevance
    Major driver for change
    Highly relevant for policy makers/authorities
    Applicable to other tropical systems
    Frame work, methodologies and tools
  • 4. Science content integration
    Agriculture and Resource management
    Important eco-nomic/logical part of system
    Understanding interactions between agricultural systems, climate change and livelihoods
    Importance of climate change in contrast to other global drivers
    Opportunity to work on analogue sites (travel in space and time)
  • 5. Science content integration
    Climate change uncertainty
    Buffering effect of shade trees in a range of systems and conditions
    Work on climate variability and progressive change
    Crop response modeling include uncertainty (GCM, Emission Scenarios)
  • 6. Science content integration
    Spatial and temporal
    Different systems in space
    At different scales
    At different time scales
    Important trade-off between scales
  • 7. Science content integration
    Gender and social differentiation
    Resource control (input/ output)
    Importance of post-harvest processing and value chain
    Integration of food crops and participation of men and women
  • 8. Science content integration
    Institutions and governance
    Certification provides opportunities
    Governance and policies
    Cocoa/coffee authorities versus environmental authorities
    GHG mitigation trade-offs at different scales
    Rewards for ecosystem services down and up stream
  • 9. Roles of Institutions / Collaborators
    IRD/CIRAD: Biochemical cycles, soil and crops, water cycle, soil ecology, carbon sequestration, climate variability and risk
    ICRAF: Agroforestry versions of project, interest in cocoa/coffee systems, Environmental Services, Value chains, carbon
    DIVERSITAS: Network of agroforestry sites (in all the three continents), strong soil-ecology, landscape scale impacts
    IITA: Coffee and cocoa, diagnostic surveys, pest and disease, farmers systems perspective, STCP trade off at different scales, data bases for Africa
    INI: Science in nitrogen, polices, study nitrogen cycles in Africa
    CORAF: Coordinate research, collaborate with CCAFS in Africa, link CG to NARS, climate change platform
    CIAT: Spatial analysis (quality, yield, pest and disease), G*E, ES, global data bases, site-specific agriculture,
  • 10. Emails
    Johannes (ICRAF):