Coffee, Cocoa, Climate Change Community = C5

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Presentation from CCAFS Science Workshop, Bonn, 11th June 2011

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Coffee, Cocoa, Climate Change Community = C5

  1. 1. Coffee, Cocoa, Climate Change Community = C5or C5AFS<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />Mayor source of GDP in developing countries<br />Dominantly cultivated by smallholders<br />Mayor income source for millions of farmers<br />Grown in mixed systems with food/tree crops<br />Links farmers to global markets, strongly organized value chain<br />Linked to key environmental services<br />Carbon, biodiversity, water, nutrient cycling<br />Long lead time for adaptation and <br />Highly sensitive systems<br />Adaptation potential through shade management<br />
  3. 3. Why C5 <br />Cocoa key system in humid lowlands and coffee in humid highlands<br />Fills important agro-ecosystem gap in CCAFS<br />Dominant annual crops and livestock<br />Analyze mitigation/adaptation trade-offs at different scales<br />Opportunity to build on existing expertise and data sets<br />Private sector and supply chain relevance<br /> Major driver for change<br />Highly relevant for policy makers/authorities<br />Applicable to other tropical systems <br />Frame work, methodologies and tools<br />
  4. 4. Science content integration<br />Agriculture and Resource management<br />Important eco-nomic/logical part of system<br />Understanding interactions between agricultural systems, climate change and livelihoods <br />Importance of climate change in contrast to other global drivers<br />Opportunity to work on analogue sites (travel in space and time)<br />
  5. 5. Science content integration<br />Climate change uncertainty<br />Buffering effect of shade trees in a range of systems and conditions<br />Work on climate variability and progressive change<br />Crop response modeling include uncertainty (GCM, Emission Scenarios)<br />
  6. 6. Science content integration<br />Spatial and temporal<br />Different systems in space<br />At different scales<br />At different time scales<br />Important trade-off between scales<br />
  7. 7. Science content integration<br />Gender and social differentiation<br />Resource control (input/ output)<br />Importance of post-harvest processing and value chain<br />Integration of food crops and participation of men and women<br />
  8. 8. Science content integration<br />Institutions and governance<br />Certification provides opportunities <br />Governance and policies<br />Cocoa/coffee authorities versus environmental authorities<br />GHG mitigation trade-offs at different scales<br />Rewards for ecosystem services down and up stream<br />
  9. 9. Roles of Institutions / Collaborators<br />IRD/CIRAD: Biochemical cycles, soil and crops, water cycle, soil ecology, carbon sequestration, climate variability and risk<br />ICRAF: Agroforestry versions of project, interest in cocoa/coffee systems, Environmental Services, Value chains, carbon <br />DIVERSITAS: Network of agroforestry sites (in all the three continents), strong soil-ecology, landscape scale impacts<br />IITA: Coffee and cocoa, diagnostic surveys, pest and disease, farmers systems perspective, STCP trade off at different scales, data bases for Africa<br />INI: Science in nitrogen, polices, study nitrogen cycles in Africa<br />CORAF: Coordinate research, collaborate with CCAFS in Africa, link CG to NARS, climate change platform<br />CIAT: Spatial analysis (quality, yield, pest and disease), G*E, ES, global data bases, site-specific agriculture, <br />More……<br />
  10. 10. Emails<br />Meine: M.vannoordwijk@cgiar.org<br />Johannes (ICRAF): j.dietz@cgiar.org<br />MateeteBekunda: mateeteb@yahoo.com<br />Jean-Luc.chotte@ird.fr<br />AbdulaiJalloh: abdulai.jalloh@coraf.org<br />

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