Learning Event No. 9, Session 1: Adamou. ARDD2012 Rio,


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Presentation by Mahamane Adamou, Agronomist at PPILDA, at the 2012 Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) in Rio de Janiero, Learning Event No. 9, Session 1: Closing loops and opening minds, nutrients recycling in Aguié, Niger. http://www.agricultureday.org

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  • Sammanfattningom “rakarörfrånfält till hav”. Nämnerocksånågotomriskerna + svårigheterna med kretslopp (problem med social/ekonomiskacceptans/hållbarhet, dåliginvolveringavjordbrukssektorn)
  • Learning Event No. 9, Session 1: Adamou. ARDD2012 Rio,

    1. 1. RIO+20 Productive Sanitation – From pilot to scale in Aguié, Niger Mahamane Adamou Agricultural Engineer PPILDA, NigerURINE CONTROL
    2. 2. Presentation outlineI. Short presentation of PPILDAII. Introduction to the Productive Sanitation approach (ProSan) and pilot project at PPILDAIII. Results obtainedIV. Lessons and perspectives
    3. 3. I. Short presentation of PPILDAPPILDA = Projet de Promotion de l’Initiative Locale pour le Développement à Aguié (Project for the Promotion of Local Development Initiatives in Aguié)• 8 year project : 2005-2012• Project is under the Ministry of Agriculture in Niger• Funding: 17.5 million $ (IFAD, Belgian Survival Fund and Niger Government)
    4. 4. I. Short presentation of PPILDA The over all goal of PPILDA To improve conditions and livelihoods of the poor with focus on the most vulnerable groups, in particular women and youth Through 30 000 families PPILDA aims to reach 180 000 people in 6 municipalities in the Aguié province (Aguié, Gazaoua, Gangara, Tchadoua, Jirataoua et Sae Saboua)
    5. 5. I. Short presentation of PPILDAPPILDA works with 5 major components :1. Identify and test local innovations2. Reinforce local instutitions and organizations3. Make funds available to support local initiatives and innovations4. Reinforce local services5. Project management
    6. 6. II. Introducing farmers to Productive Sanitation – the ProSan-Aguié projectPilot project within PPILDA : ProSan-Aguié (October 2008- February 2010)Main objective: Testing productive sanitation in Niger toimprove the productivity of small holder farmersSpecific objectives:• Productive sanitation is accepted and show significantincrease in agricultural production at the pilot sites (comparedwith control plots)• Other actors in the sanitation or agriculture sector are willingtake up the productive sanitation concept in strategies andprojects.
    7. 7. The agriculture challenge in Niger>80% of the population inNiger involved in farmingAverage farm size <1.5ha- Variable rain-fall- Large nutrient deficits 0,9 kg chemical NPK/ha/year Losses: 56 kg NPK/ha/year
    8. 8. The sanitation challenge in Niger 26 400 children dies every year due to diarrhoea91% practice opendefecation in rural Niger(JMP, 2010)
    9. 9. Human excreta – a blind spot in nutrientmanagement N = 2,8 kg N = 2,8 kg P = 0,4 kg P = 0,4 kg K ~ 1,3 kg K ~ 1,3 kg Per person/year Per person/year
    10. 10. Urine andfaeces fromthe 9 personsin Nigercontain theequivalent of50 kg of ureaand 50 kg ofNPK(15:15:15)worth 80$(mainly inurine)
    11. 11. Productive Sanitation – from linear to circular flows • Eutrophication • Spreading of disease • Loss of nutrients - Open defecation! - Drop and store! - Flush and forget! -Sanitization and reuse• Confinement/collection• Treatment → Productive (ecological) sanitation• Reuse
    12. 12. ProSan-Aguié pilot project activities1. Development: Involve > 300 households in sevenvillages2. Research : Studies on agronomic, sanitary,economic, social and technical aspects3. Outreach: Local, national and international
    13. 13. Intervention zone and baseline 80% are involvedin agriculture1.5 ha/householdLandless farmersVery few latrines
    14. 14. Containment and treatment – simple urinals6/18/2012
    15. 15. Containment and treatmentCompostingtoiletsDry toilets
    16. 16. Participative testing of liquid fertilizer (urine)6/18/2012 16
    17. 17. ProSan-Aguié pilot project results• Acceptance of the approach in the pilot villages;• Increased harvest with liquid fertilizer (urine) from urine harvesting (1100 households);• ~150 composting pit latrines and awareness raising activities resulting in improved sanitation and hygiene• Project widely adopted in NigerPPILDA continued…2010: Consolidate the approach2011/12: Scale up the approach
    18. 18. III. Results from start of upscalingAgricultural production• Yield increase : The average yield in the farmer fieldschools using urine is 600 kg/ha compared to 425 kg/ha asthe average in the rest of the province (in 2011) and onirrigated crops, 7 to 25% increase according to crops• 90 % acceptance and use of liquidfertilizer (urine) in the villages:• Low cost fertilizer accessible also towomen• Renewed interest for composting byadding liquid fertilizer to the compostingpile in the dry season
    19. 19. Results from start of upscalingSanitation infrastructure• In total 330 latrines;• More than 2000 simple urinals;• 20 villages involved surrounding the first 5 pilot villagesProductive sanitation and sanitary conditions• Increase in use of latrines (only 5% had access to latrinesbefore)• Improvement in hygiene (reduced open defecation) andhelth of the population
    20. 20. Results from start of upscalingGender considerations•Different groups are involved (women, youth and vulnerable)in farmer field schools and sensitization sessions whichhelped the widespread acceptance of the approach•Since 2010 there are also female facilitators which hashelped to spread the approach among the women•Women in particular appreciate the composting latrines,since it reduce their vulnerability when defecating in theopen and also easier for them to deal with menstruation
    21. 21. Results from start of upscalingSuccess:• Capacity building• Availability of local fertilizer (natural resource management)• Improvement of hygiene and health• Improved safety (not exposed to open defecation)Challenges:• Communities in the beginning– seeing is believing• Burnt plants if vegetablegrowers don’t have enoughwater during the dry season
    22. 22. IV. Lessons learnt• The collection, treatment and reuse of urine as a liquid fertilizer has been possible in spite of religious and social taboos thanks to : – The participative approach and using farmer field schools with convincing results; – Mobilization of all stakeholders in the process (religious and traditional leaders, authorities, STD, population)
    23. 23. IV. PerspectivesPerspectives 2012:• Up scaling of the Pro San approach to more villages with support from the previous local champions as well as an extension of pilot farmers, working with 500 vulnerable households on 250 ha.• Testing the « Solid Fertiliser » ( sanitized latrine compost) on cereals crops in 18 farmer field schools;• Continue the co-composting, using liquid fertilizer as a source of nutrients and humidity .• Continue to construct latrines and urinals to harvest urine
    24. 24. IV. PerspectivesPerspectives 2012-2018• PPILDA will now go into the next phase and work with rural development in 18 municipalities aiming to reach 65000 households (31 million $)• Productive sanitation will be one of the approaches promoted – helping to improve both health and production!